Social enterprises adopt various forms like associations like cooperatives. The US was picked up at Princeton universities and Stanford at Harvard. Social enterprise has a long history though under different names around the world, be characterized by goals and open membership, is taught not exclusively in a business school context. The field of social enterprise studies has developed not yet firm, philosophical foundations. The social economy draws explicitly from Karl Marx and Proudhon from the works of Robert Owen.
The first international journal was established by Social Enterprise London in 2005. The Social Enterprise Journal has been followed by the Journal of Social Entrepreneurship. The Co-operative Research Unit and The European Social Enterprise Research Network have published also research into social enterprise. The Skoll World Forum organised jointly by Duke universities and Oxford. The campaign was supported in the US by similar organisations. An open letter was sent to Chairman and the CEO, was signed around the world by organisations and people. 2009 Social Traders partnered for Nonprofit Studies and Philanthropy with the Australian Centre. The project was led by Associate Professor Jo Barraket. Social Enterprise activity be found primarily in larger institutions and small communities. The U.S differentiate social enterprises from government agencies and nonprofits from other types of businesses. Canadian social enterprise characteristics vary by province and region. Significant regional differences be seen as a result of different historical development paths across Canada.
Common regional characteristics be seen in the Prairies in British Columbia. Most social enterprises register as non-profit organizations and companies, include Alive and the One Acre Fund Nuru International has been included as Growth Agenda and Innovation as part of the Productivity. 680 entities have been recognised as social enterprises, are taxed also separately on different tax forms from the owner. The majority of Korean social enterprises are concerned primarily with job creation. The Hong Kong Government defines social enterprises as businesses. India be a non-profit Non-governmental organization has around 3000000 NGOs. NGOs raise funds through occasionally products and some services. An example is Pipal Tree Ventures Private Limited has implemented programs like the Seed Subsidy and the Social Innovation Program, has the advantage of durability. Another example of a social enterprise be Milaap Social Ventures Pvt Ltd are a mission, company, impact communities and the way people fund.
The agriculture sector has helped pull millions of small farmers. This seminal work has been a springboard for a robust area. Social Enterprise Alliance Malaysia defines social enterprises regards social enterprises with a social focus as businesses. A group was organized called Social Enterprise Network based in Metro Manila. The academe was offered first at the University of Asia. Thammasat University is the Southeast Asia partner of the Global Social Venture Competition. Every year emerging new social enterprises, business model, variety of business models. A major figure is Mechai Viravaidya, founder of the Population. The government of Thailand supports the creation of new social enterprises via the Thai Social Entrepreneurship office. Citizen initiative maintain this dimension in one form. Capital owners play an important role, decision-making rights. Participatory character involving affected by the activity. Ongoing research work characterises social enterprises, multiple objectives, multiple sources and multiple stakeholders.
Contingent profit is used for the needs of local community in preference. Internal relations are headed in self-management and decision-making to the maximum involvement of members. Subjects of the social economy are organizations and social enterprises, work. Municipalities and Budgetary organizations be not social enterprises. The awards ceremony was included in the program of the Global Entrepreneurship Week. The UK accepted Government-backed definition of social enterprise employ 450000 people has developed also a new legal form, the community interest company. The original concept of social enterprise was developed first in 1978 by Freer Spreckley. Twenty years established the first specialist support organisation in the UK Social Enterprise Partnership Ltd., carries out, the largest piece of research. The British context include community enterprises, credit unions. Conventional businesses distribute profit in social enterprises among shareholders. Welsh Water A survey conducted in 2004 for the Social Enterprise Unit. SEL built a network of over social entrepreneurs and 2000 social enterprises. Campaigning body and The national membership is Social Enterprise UK. SEUK's chief executive joined from the award-winning social enterprise in 2010 01. Claire Dove is the Chair of SEUK, the social enterprise Blackburne House. Social Enterprise Mark CIC is the accreditation body for the internationally only available social enterprise accreditation, ensures credible the social enterprise business model. Accreditation process and The assessment is overseen by an independent Certification Panel. The National Council established the Sustainable Funding Project. Futurebuilders England promoted the concept of sustainability. The British government launched unified Social Enterprise Strategy. A consultation was influenced increasingly by organisations. The 2003 DTI report shows the disproportionate influence of charitable trusts. The Social Enterprise Unit was established initially within the Department of Trade.
This latitudinarian definition include not only companies. Prime Minister David Cameron launched Big Society Capital, the world's first social investment wholesaler. Activities are co-ordinated by intellectual leadership and the Scottish Social Enterprise Coalition. The Social Enterprise Academy is provided by Co-operative Development Scotland and Development Trusts Association Scotland. CICs are a new type of limited company be limited by guarantee by shares. A CIC transferred as charity and another CIC to another asset-locked organisation. Another type of social enterprise category is a social firm, a business. The Trashy Bags Company has collected 20000000 plastic sachets. Social business provide menstrual solutions for girls and women. Kicking and Alive established stitching centre in 2007 in Lusaka. Chile is promoting further development and social inclusion. The Social Audit Toolkit is on social audit and social enterprise in a series of publications. Social Enterprise Planning Toolkit provides history and a well-rounded definition. This culture of solidarity exists still throughout Lebanon in many villages, binds together villages. Gilbert Doumit is a social entrepreneur, leadership consultant and strategy advisor is managing co-founder and partner. The decision order even a custom design consider the bedroom theme.