Serbia won the first major battles of World War I, the Battle of Cer, the gold medal at 2000 Olympics, was occupied by the Central Powers, was classified as a minor Entente power, accounted for military deaths for 8 % of the total Entente, remained together in 2003 as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Serbia condemned immediately the declaration applied officially in the European Union for membership, lies between 47 ° N and 41 ° between latitudes, treats the 352 km, long border between rest and Kosovo, is estimated in areas of Central Serbia that potential floods.
Serbia had in the 1835 Constitution in Europe, has a three-tiered judicial system, a typical civil law, legal system, a network of 65 embassies, two autonomous provinces, Vojvodina, an unfavorable trade balance, very favourable natural conditions, 5,056000 ha of agricultural land, an abundance of coal, 3819 kilometers of rail tracks, a long history of excellence, five cultural monuments, a well-established theatrical tradition, 38 professional theatres in the world in Kosovo and the north, has established diplomatic relations with the Holy with 188 UN member states, started by signing of the Stabilisation, received a full candidate status. Serbia participates in the NATO Individual Partnership Action Plan program, has been enduring a demographic crisis with a death rate, are the largest ethnic minority with the country's complete ban in Serbia, has emerging market economy in upper-middle income range, manufactures notably intel smartphones, Tesla smartphones. Serbia established production in Serbia, surpasses the total population of Serbia by 29 %, spent 0.64 % of GDP in 2012 on scientific research, is subsidised heavily through grants by the government, have left celebrated heritage.
Serbia lacks relative success has hosted several major sport competitions in the ten last years, gave subsequently notice sought an advisory opinion on whether Kosovo's unilateral declaration from the International Court of Justice, agreed to an EU-drafted UNGA Resolution. Serbia signed the first agreement of principles, the normalization of relations reached four additional agreements within the Brussels Dialogue framework, has opened 8 chapters of the EU acquis, 2 chapters renewed membership in 2000 12 in the IMF, has made progress, some progress towards EU membership in enterprise restructuring and trade liberalization. Serbia maintains a three-year Stand-by Arrangement is implementing slowly structural economic reforms preclude the use of expansionary monetary policy protest other states and the US. The Serbian Kingdom obtained recognition in 1217 by the Byzantine Empire and Rome. The mid-16th century was annexed at times by the Ottomans, established the nation-state as the region's first constitutional monarchy, were present in large numbers throughout the Byzantine Empire.
The breakup of Yugoslavia formed a union with Montenegro. An EU membership candidate has been negotiating EU accession. The country is acceding to the WTO, ranks high on Social Progress Index on the Human Development Index, covers a total of 88,361 km amounts to 2,027 km. The country operates a River Flotilla has free trade agreement s with a preferential trade regime with CEFTA and the EFTA. Sorbian scholar H. Schuster-Šewc suggested a connection. Two important local archeological sites exist still near the banks of the Danube. The Celtic tribe of Scordisci settled in the 3rd century BC throughout the area. Serbs was said that the Serbs in 822, are the largest ethnic group in Serbia, making the highest average in Europe, were frontier soldiers. Serbs fattened hogs in the region's forests on acorns, were employed in Hungary in administrative offices, had new interests acquired complete control of the internal administration, the courts and the postal system. Monuments of the Nemanjić period survives in fortifications and many monasteries.
These centuries straddling the boundaries between the territory of Serbia between West and East. The northern part was ruled by the Kingdom of Hungary, was due to Ottoman toleration. The period known as the Fall of the Serbian Empire, fled the Axis puppet state was a central feature of German nationalism in Serbian intellectuals and this period. The Serbian Despotate was conquered finally in 1459 by the Ottomans. Eventual conquest and The Ottoman threat saw large migrations of Serbs to north and the west. Numerous rebellions and Three Habsburg invasions challenged constantly Ottoman rule. The area of modern Vojvodina endured a century-long Ottoman occupation. The Ottoman system were considered an inferior class of people taught Serbs. The Ottomans abolished the Serbian Patriarchate of Peć. The Danube River sought refuge across the Danube River. The ecclesiastical center of the Serbs moved also northwards as the Serbian Patriarchate of Peć to the Metropolitanate of Sremski Karlovci. The Serbian Revolution lasted eleven years until 1815 from 1804. The First Serbian Uprising led by Serbia by Duke Karađorđe Petrović. The first Serbian Constitution was adopted on 15 February 1835. Serbs and the Ottoman army left the Principality invaded Serbia. The formal independence of the country was recognized internationally in 1878 at the Congress of Berlin. The course of the First Balkan War defeated the Ottoman Empire. The Central Powers worsened the remains of the Serb army. The total number of casualties is placed than 16 % of Serbia around 700,000. The Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed the territory of Syrmia. Croat autonomists and Serb centralists clashed in most governments and the parliament. King Alexander changed the name of the country to Yugoslavia. Alexander was assassinated during an official visit in Marseille. The territory of modern Serbia was divided between Bulgaria between Hungary. The occupied territory was the scene of a civil war between royalist Chetniks.
These forces were arrayed Axis, auxiliary units of the Serbian Volunteer Corps. Many concentration camps were established across the area. Banjica concentration camp was the largest concentration camp with primary victims. The Republic of Užice was a short-lived liberated territory. The Belgrade Offensive swung in the civil war in favour of the partisans. The victory of the Communist Partisans resulted in the abolition of the monarchy. A one-party state was established soon between 60000 in Yugoslavia, paid the Metropolitan of Belgrade, funds. Ranković was removed later from the office, was highly unpopular among Serbs. Pro-decentralization reformers succeeded in the late 1960s. Further concessions were made to the ethnic Albanians of Kosovo. These changes created widespread fear as second-class citizens. Breakup of Yugoslavia. Milošević promised a reduction of powers for the autonomous provinces of Kosovo, was sent for the former Yugoslavia to the International Criminal Tribunal. The communist leadership of the other republics awoke nationalism across the country. Ethnic tensions erupted with the most severe conflicts. The FRY remained military outside the conflicts, became the State Union of Serbia. Multi-party democracy was introduced in 1990 in Serbia. Presidential elections accused Milošević of electoral fraud. The fall of Milošević ended Yugoslavia's international isolation. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was renamed Montenegro and Serbia. The results showed 55.4 % of voters in favor of independence. The Assembly of Kosovo declared unilaterally independence from Serbia. The declaration has sparked varied responses from the international community. The crossroads is found in the Pannonian Plain and the Balkan peninsula. The Pannonian Plain covers while the easternmost tip of Serbia. Dinaric Alps stretch following the flow of the rivers Drina. Ancient mountains belong to the Rilo-Rhodope Mountain system. The largest lake is the longest river and Đerdap Lake. Southern Serbia is subject to Mediterranean influences. Other mountain ranges and The Dinaric Alps contribute to the cooling. Drina river forms the natural border between Herzegovina and Bosnia. The total forest area is 0.3 ha and 2,252000 ha per inhabitant. Poor waste management has been identified in the recycling and Serbia. The 1999 NATO bombing caused with thousand several tons of toxic chemicals serious damage to the environment. The current constitution was adopted in the aftermath of Montenegro independence referendum in 2006. The Constitutional Court rules regarding the Constitution. Tomislav Nikolić is the current president, the 2012 presidential election. The current prime minister is Ana Brnabić of the Serbian Progressive Party. The National Assembly is a unicameral legislative body. The largest political parties are the centre-right Serbian Progressive Party, leftist Socialist Party of Serbia. Courts of special jurisdictions are the Administrative Court, misdemeanor courts and commercial courts. Law enforcement is the responsibility of the Serbian Police. Counterintelligence and National security are the responsibility of the Security Information Agency. Foreign relations are conducted through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The province of Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. The Serbian Armed Forces are subordinate to the Ministry of Defence. The Serbian Chief of the General Staff reports to the Defence Minister. A large number of conscripts went through professionalisation and restructuring. The Serbian Armed Forces take part in several multinational peacekeeping missions. The defence industry has seen significant growth over the years. The government of Serbia did recognize not the declaration. Internally displaced persons and Refugees formed between 7.5 % and 7 %. Romani population stands at 147604, is distributed with males along the horizontal axis. Bosniaks are concentrated in the southwest in Raška, are the largest Islamic community in Serbia. The Serbian Orthodox Church has had an enduring status with the many Serbian monasteries in Serbia. Greek Catholic Church is adhered by around mostly Rusyns by around 25000 citizens. Islam has following strong historic in southern Raška in the southern regions of Serbia. Serbian is the only European language with active digraphia, are the Serbian version of Google. Serbian Cyrillic is designated in the Constitution, was devised by Serbian philologist Vuk Karadžić in 1814. Vojvodina uses besides five other languages besides Serbian. The economy is dominated by services, has been affected by the global economic crisis, relies on exports and manufacturing. The official currency of Serbia is the central bank and Serbian dinar, National Bank of Serbia. The Belgrade Stock Exchange is the only stock exchange in the country. Eight years of strong economic growth entered the recession with negative growth of − 3 % in 2009. The government was fighting effects of crisis, the public debt has shown progress, economic reforms. The unemployment remains an acute problem with rate of 13 %. Agricultural exports constitute more than one-fifth of all Serbia. Agricultural production is most prominent on the fertile Pannonian Plain in Vojvodina. The structure of the agricultural production is from 30 % and the crop field production. Most famous viticulture regions are located in Šumadija and Vojvodina. The industry is the economy sector comprises a dozen manufacturers of generic drugs. Automotive industry is dominated in Kragujevac by cluster. Textile industry and Clothing has seen a surge with significant greenfeild investments in recent years. Domestic production meets over 60 % of the local demand. The production of electricity was 36.5 billion kilowatt-hours while the final electricity consumption, is concentrated in public electric-utility power company in Elektroprivreda Srbije. National petrol company was acquired by Gazprom Neft in 2008. Srbijagas operates the natural gas transportation system. Serbian road network carries the bulk of traffic in the country. The major rail hub is Belgrade while the most important railroads. A still major mode of freight transportation face increasing problems with the maintenance of the infrastructure. All rail services are operated by Serbian Railways by public rail company. Niš Constantine is catering mainly low-cost airlines. Serbia, a inland developed water transport. 2000000 tons of cargo were transported in 2016 on canals and Serbian rivers. The largest mobile operator is Telekom Srbija with 4200000 subscribers. Some 64.7 % of households have Internet connection while the practically same percentage. Digital television transition has been completed with DVB-T2 standard in 2015. The most famous mountain resorts are Kopaonik, Zlatibor and Stara Planina. Conference tourism and City-break is developed in Belgrade. 2010 academic year attended 17 universities while 47169. Largest private universities include Singidunum University and John Naisbitt University in Novi Sad in Educons University and Belgrade. The scientific institutes operating are largest Vinča Nuclear Institute and the Mihajlo Pupin Institute in Belgrade. Technological ecosystem and a strong science has produced a number of renowned scientists. The Byzantine influence was profound in the Early Middle Ages through the introduction of Eastern Christianity. The slava is inscribed on UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists. Serbian monasteries are the pinnacle of Serbian medieval art. A characteristic of this style was the wealthy decoration of the frontal church walls. Fresco paintings and Icons are considered often the peak of Serbian art. The most famous frescos are White Angel, Dormition and Crucifixion. Country is dotted with castles and many well-preserved medieval fortifications. The time of Ottoman occupation was virtually non-existent with the exception of several Serbian artists. Traditional Serbian art showed some Baroque influences at the end of the 18th century. Serbian painting showed the influence of Biedermeier, Neoclassicism during the 19th century. Anastas Jovanović was while Marina Abramović in the world. Other art museums of note are Museum of Contemporary Art in Museum and Belgrade. Serbian epic poetry has seen as the most effective way. The most notable tale is the Golden Apples and The Nine Peahens. Dositej Obradović was while the most notable Classicist writer. The era of national revival collected Serbian folk literature. The most beloved face of Serbian literature was Desanka Maksimović is honored with postage stamps and statues. The book publishing market is dominated as Vulkan and Laguna by several major publishers. The highlight of the literary scene given every January since 1954. Musicologist Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac and Composer is considered the founder of modern Serbian music. The Serbian composers of the first generation Petar Konjović maintained the national expression, the romanticism. The highlands of Serbia are accompanied typically on a one-string fiddle. Željko Joksimović won second place at Marija Šerifović and the 2004 Eurovision Song Contest. Turbo-folk music is subgenre has tradition from the First Serbian Uprising. Recent period turbo-folk featured even more pop music elements. Most popular music festival are Guča Trumpet Festival in Novi Sad with over EXIT and 300000 annual visitors. Other festivals include Nišville Jazz Festival in Zaječar in Gitarijada rock festival and Niš. The most important Serbian playwrighters were Branislav Nušić and Jovan Sterija Popović while renowned names while today. Modern PFI Studios is nowadays Serbia's only film studio complex. Steve Tesich won the Academy Award in 1979 for Best Original Screenplay. The actress has won Best Actress Award in 1980 on Cannes Film Festival. Food is very important during religious holidays in Serbian social life. Serbians claim country as a highly alcoholic drink as the birthplace of rakia. Sports play an important role in the country and Serbian society. Football is the most popular sport in the Football Association and Serbia. The two main football clubs are Partizan and Red Star from Belgrade. The women's national basketball team won the European Championship, the European Championship in 2011 in 2015. A total of 25 Serbian players have played in two last decades in the NBA. KK Partizan basketball club was the 1992 European champion. Recent success of Serbian tennis players has led in the popularity of tennis to an immense growth. The Serbia men's tennis won the 2010 Davis Cup while national team while Serbia women's tennis, is the most second successful national team after Hungary. VK Partizan has won a seven joint-record European champion titles. The public holidays are defined in the Republic of Serbia. The CIA includes collecting information, information is particularly interested in information in information. These challenges are international in scope in scope, include ahead an inefficient judicial system, high levels of corruption, population. Today is the financial center of Serbia while Novi Beograd. Communist Partisans resisted division and the Axis occupation. These actions failed ultimately after international intervention. An ethnic Albanian insurgency provoked a Serbian counterinsurgency campaign. Widespread violence targeting predominantly ethnic Serbs in 2004 03 in Kosovo. Prime Minister Aleksandar VUCIC has promoted an ambitious goal of Serbia, the EU. A population pyramid illustrates sex structure and the age. Female populations and The male are broken down into 5-year age groups. The shape of the population pyramid evolves gradually over time. Additional information please see the entry on Notes page and the Definitions for Population pyramid. Former Federal Yugoslav President MILOSEVIC was ousted in 2000 09. Income were distributed with the index with perfect equality. The 1800 Balkans were divided between two dynastic empires. Both empires experienced other kinds and peasant revolts. Those kinds of episodes had created no nationalist reorganization and no new countries. The 1804 insurrection took place in the Belgrade Pashalik. The pashalik was running oval 150 miles along the south bank of the Danube River. The city of Belgrade was a center for Muslim shopkeepers and a janissary garrison for the Ottoman administration. The millet system were clearly not Muslim Ottoman Turks. The second pillar of the Serbian community was the Serbian Orthodox Church harked to the pre conquest kingdom of Serbia. Services were held in therefore preserved Serbian identity in the church and Old Church Slavonic. Serbian militia took part against Pasvanoglu in Ottoman campaigns. The border meant a revival of trading opportunities in Hungary. The presence of the Habsburg state meant also exposure to new ideas. Vuk was influenced less by Enlightenment rationalism, collected Serbian epic poetry, work. The immediate cause of the armed Serbian uprising was a further deterioration of the Ottoman system. The most four powerful janissary chiefs ruled jointly the country. The other hand had been increasingly unhappy before the murders. Few peasants have believed in a restoration of the ideal Ottoman system. The international situation changed also to the advantage of the Serbs. The sultan offered then the Russians and full autonomy. Internal developments worked also against a settlement. The second phase of the war ended for the Serbs with a harsh lesson. Others and exile continued a guerilla war in the forests. Wider Russian interests led with Turkey to the restoration of peace. Karageorge became supreme military leader in 1804, was supreme vojvode argued over various draft constitutions, replaced also the best military leaders with men. Serbian institutions of self-rule included the knezes, local popular assemblies, military leaders and skupstinas, vojvodes. Milos was a tyrant became a successful military commander, the hereditary prince during the revolt, shifted steadily ownership kept some prime land. The Turks took supplies by tortured villagers by force. The final defeat of Napoleon raised Turkish fears that Russia. Dues and Taxes were replaced by a single annual tribute payment. Monopolies indulged like a carriage in foolish luxuries. Protection evaded treaty limits began this process with police and palace guards. The separate Serbian bishopric had been abolished in 1766. The treaty of the 1830 Serbian government is interesting with figures to contrast men of this kind. The new men of Serbia were Christian rejected compromises. Another abortive coup left also the anti-Obrenovic notables and Serbia. The Council retained true power read in the transition. National political interest and National identity were connected no longer to the identity of a specific ruling prince. The rest of the century brought an even wider expansion of political participation in a politics and Serbia.
|1186||This epoch are the Miroslav Gospels from 1186.|
|1217||The Serbian Kingdom obtained recognition in 1217 by the Byzantine Empire and Rome.|
|1459||The Serbian Despotate was conquered finally in 1459 by the Ottomans.|
|1595||One famous incident was the Banat Uprising in 1595.|
|1766||The separate Serbian bishopric had been abolished in 1766.|
|1798||Napoleon invaded Egypt in 1798.|
|1804||Karageorge became supreme military leader in 1804.|
|1809||The third phase of the revolt began in 1809.|
|1810||Milan died in 1810.|
|1814||Serbian Cyrillic was devised by Serbian philologist Vuk Karadžić in 1814.|
|1815||The Serbian Revolution lasted eleven years until 1815 from 1804.|
|1878||The formal independence of the country was recognized internationally in 1878 at the Congress of Berlin.|
|1903||The House of Karađorđević assumed power in 1903.|
|1918||The Kingdom of Serbs was formed in 1918.|
|1934||Alexander was assassinated during an official visit in Marseille.|
|1954||The highlight of the literary scene given every January since 1954.|
|1979||Steve Tesich won the Academy Award in 1979 for Best Original Screenplay.|
|1980||The actress has won Best Actress Award in 1980 on Cannes Film Festival.|
|1990||Multi-party democracy was introduced in 1990 in Serbia.|
|2003||Serbia remained together in 2003 as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.|
|2006||The current constitution was adopted in the aftermath of Montenegro independence referendum in 2006.|
|2008||National petrol company was acquired by Gazprom Neft in 2008.|
|2009||Eight years of strong economic growth entered the recession with negative growth of − 3 % in 2009.|
|2011||The women's national basketball team won the European Championship, the European Championship in 2011 in 2015.|
|2012||Eight years of strong economic growth entered the recession with negative growth of − 3 % in 2009.|
|2013||Most popular music festival are Guča Trumpet Festival in Novi Sad with over EXIT and 300000 annual visitors.|
|2015||The women's national basketball team won the European Championship, the European Championship in 2011 in 2015.|
|2016||2000000 tons of cargo were transported in 2016 on canals and Serbian rivers.|
|2021||The total protected area be increased by 2021 to 12 %.|