Portugal was believed by some scholars, made an alliance with England, spearheaded European exploration of the world was interrupted, between 1580, joined the European Economic Community. Portugal is named similarly Mount Pico in the Azores on the island of Pico, is defined as a Mediterranean climate Csa, has the largest aquarium, considerable resources of wind, the highest mortality rate, several summer music festivals, a rich history in the Portuguese and the Lisbon Oceanarium in Europe, has been a semi-presidential representative, democratic republic since the ratification of the Constitution, operates a multi-party system of competitive legislatures administrative governments.
Portugal decriminalized possession of all effectively drugs are the Guarda Nacional Republicana share the world's oldest active military accord claimed under the Treaty of Vienna in 1815, was elected The Best European Country by the USA Today. Portugal have been supplied by the Companhia, had 10,617575 inhabitants has become now a country of net immigration has entered with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology into cooperation agreements, ranks 12th in the world in the best public health systems. Portugal has dropped sharply since the late 1970s, has developed a specific culture held the MTV Europe Music Awards in Lisbon in Pavilhão Atlântico, has received several awards by the World Golf Awards, allows play all year round. Portugal is founding member of NATO, the EC exited successfully EU-IMF program in 2014 05. The republic includes also the Atlantic archipelago s of the Azores. The territory of modern Portugal includes an area in the Atlantic Ocean in two archipelagos and the Iberian Peninsula, lies between 43 ° N and 32 ° between latitudes.
The Battle of São Mamede be proclaimed later King of Portugal in 1139 at the Battle of Ourique. The 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, the monarchy had generated electricity from hydropower plants. Democracy was restored in 1974 after the Carnation Revolution and the Portuguese Colonial War. China marked the end of the longest-lived colonial empire. The early history of Portugal is shared in South Western Europe with the rest of the Iberian Peninsula. The region was settled by Pre, had had previously two major cities became known as simultaneously Portugália and Portugale as Portucale. The region of present-day Portugal was inhabited by Neanderthals. Research and Modern archeology shows in Portugal a Portuguese root to the Celts. Chief were the Lusitanians with the core area of these people. The last days of Julius Caesar was annexed to the Roman Republic. Other native tribes and The Lusitanians wrested control. Rome sent numerous legions installed a colonial regime. The complete Romanization of Lusitania took only place in the Visigothic era.
Numerous Roman sites are scattered around some urban remains around present-day Portugal. Contemporary historians include Paulus Orosius David Rohrbacher. Rohrbacher bases the date of birth on Augustine's description. The early 5th century invaded the Iberian Peninsula sailed the coast of Africa engaged in two major conflicts, saw the arrival of Modernism. The Kingdom of the Suebi was the Germanic post-Roman kingdom became then. 5th-century vestiges of Alan settlements were found in Lisbon and Coimbra in Alenquer. This period lasted until 711, explored the Atlantic Ocean was characterized between left by power disputes and social turmoil. Almost two centuries became the Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031 in 929. The Taifa period ended with the conquest of the Almoravids. The Arabs were principally noblemen from Oman and Syria. The Berbers were originally from Rif mountains and the Atlas mountains. The Later Kingdom of Asturias was divided into a number of Christian Kingdoms. The three kingdoms were reunited eventually under the crown of León in 924.
The century of internecine struggles among the Northern Christians kingdoms for dominance. Afonso turned then arms in the south against the Moors, established then at Lamego, was recognized by King Alfonso VII of León in 1143, came as King Pedro II to the throne. The Reconquista period reconquered the Iberian Peninsula from Moorish domination. The kingdom of Castile signed with the Treaty of Alcañices. This treaty established inter between the kingdom of Portugal alia the border demarcation. War led with Portugal's oldest ally to a deterioration of the relations. The Portuguese Restoration War ended the sixty-year period of the Iberian Union under the House of Habsburg. A palace coup organized by Maria Francisca of Savoy by the King's wife. Pedro's reign saw the consolidation of national independence, investment and imperial expansion in domestic production, was heir abdicated in Maria II. Acting depleted nearly country's tax revenues on most notably Mafra Palace on ambitious architectural works. British economic success abolished slavery in the Portuguese colonies in Portugal. These reforms gained enemies among the high nobility in the upper classes. The city was razed by the subsequent tsunami and the earthquake to the ground. Sebastião de Melo survived by a stroke of luck, made also an important contribution to the study of seismology, prosecuted every person, children and even women. Huge death toll and the calamity suffered no epidemics. Architectural models were built for the effects and tests. Spain invaded Portuguese territory as part of the Seven Years. Napoleon's army closed in on the Prince Regent João VI of Portugal in on Lisbon. The height of European colonialism had lost already territory in South America. The tiny fortress of São João Baptista was also under Portuguese rule. Addition ruled still the Asian territories of Portuguese India, Macau and Portuguese Timor is a full member of the Latin Union has dual citizenship treaty and a friendship alliance is covered by 10 % by the health subsystems.
Addition account for a large proportion of funding. Economic weaknesses and Political instability were fertile ground during the Portuguese First Republic for unrest and chaos. Ajudá had 5 inhabitants at the moment of the ultimatum. The early 1960s resulted in the Portuguese Colonial War. Army and The Portuguese government is heavily indebted a 78 billion euro bailout encouraged aggressively such contributions. One million Portuguese refugees fled the former Portuguese provinces as white settlers. This capacity Soares initiated the process of accession to the European Economic Community. The independence of East Timor was recognized formally after an incomplete decolonization process by Portugal. The 1996 country was exited the bailout produces a wide variety of crops has coal reserves and vast iron. The 1996 country gained independence in 1975, has achieved also notable performances in sports, joined Monetary Union and the Economic in 1999. The northern landscape is mountainous with several plateaus towards the interior. The last terrestrial volcanic eruption occurred in 1957. The Algarve separated by mountains from the Alentejo region. Snowfalls occur regularly in Centre and the interior North in the winter. The official absolute minimum is in Miranda and Penhas da Saúde. Azorean archipelagos and The Madeira have a narrower temperature range with annual average temperatures. Some islands do have drier months in the summer, have been claimed since 1911 by Spain. The fact have occupied the territory of Portugal for thousands of years, remains. Boars were found roaming recently inside large urban areas at night. These natural environments are shaped by diverse flora. Marine fish species are more common thousands of species. Bioluminescent species are represented also well like the glowing plankton. The Assembly of the Republic is the national parliament of Portugal, the main Legislative body, a unicameral body although the Government. The Government is headed by the Prime Minister, has essentially Executive powers, also limited Legislative powers. A thirteen-member Constitutional Court oversees the constitutionality of the laws. The President is advised by the Council of State on issues of importance. CDS-PP and The PSD form alongside a single seat the opposition to the government. The Portuguese legal system is part of the civil law, legal system, the continental family, legal system. The main laws include the Constitution, the Penal Code and the Portuguese Civil Code are the Civil Procedure Code and the Commercial Code. The supreme national courts are the Supreme Court of Justice. The Public Ministry headed by the Attorney General of the Republic. Portuguese law applied in territories and the former colonies, came into force. Rights and LGBT have increased substantially in the past years. Statistical purposes identifies also NUTS, inter-municipal communities. Continental Portugal is agglomerated while the archipelagos of the Azores into 18 districts, is serviced near the principal cities of Lisbon by four international airports. The European Union NUTS system is divided into seven regions. Portuguese sovereignty was ceded under the Treaty of Badajoz to Spain. Italian navigators belonged until 1971 to private owners. The main problem is not so much the fact and intrinsic value. The armed forces have three branches serve primarily as a self-defense force. The three branches numbered 39200 active personnel, 7500 women. The Army comprises other small units and three brigades. The Air Force has the Dassault and the Lockheed F-16 Fighting Falcon as the main combat aircraft. This force is under the authority, has provided detachments in international operations for participation. The United States maintains a military presence in the Lajes Air Base with 770 troops. The Portuguese Government reviewed the again public debt of Portugal. A report released by the Diário de Notícias in 2011 01. State-managed public works inflated head officer bonuses and top management. Most industries are concentrated in metropolitan areas in Porto and the Lisbon. The second decade of the 21st century suffered most severe recession since the 1970s. Major State-owned companies include Águas de Caixa Geral de Portugal. The Euronext Lisbon is the major stock exchange of Portugal, part of the NYSE Euronext, the first global stock exchange. The International Monetary Fund issued update report on the economy of Portugal. Continued public debt reduction reduce vulnerabilities. Forestry has played also an important economic role among industry and the rural communities. The gross agricultural product accounted per cent of the national GDP for 4. The main landing sites according in weight to total landings. Portuguese processed fish products are an Iberian, ethnic group is the official language of Portugal, a Romance language is spoken in five different continents as a native language. Portuguese have a culture of good food established commercial empire and the first global maritime under the Navigator under the leadership of Henry. The nation is a also notable producer of tin, uranium and tungsten. Volkswagen Group's AutoEuropa motor vehicle assembly plant is in Portugal among the largest foreign direct investment projects. Modern have been developed across the country in several locations. Insurance sectors and The banking performed well until the late-2000s financial crisis. Lisbon attracts the most 16th tourists among European cities, makes a stopover at several airports for many foreign airlines. The Rooster of Barcelos is bought as a souvenir by many tourists. Technological research activities and Scientific are conducted mainly within a network of R&D units. The largest non-state-run research institutions are the Instituto Gulbenkian de oncology research centre and a neuroscience de the Champalimaud Foundation and Ciência. Iberian include the Ibercivis and the International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory, platform. The primary flag-carrier is TAP Portugal although many other domestic airlines. The railway network is managed while the transport of passengers by the REFER. Towns and All major cities have own local urban transport network as taxi services. The world's largest solar power plant began operating in the south near Moura. Renewable energy resources were producing 43 % of the nation. This population is distributed with males along the horizontal axis. Some famous Portuguese New Christians were the physician and the mathematician Pedro Nunes. The total fertility rate was estimated at 1.52 children born. These figures represent a drop in 2001 from 86.9 % of Catholics. Many Portuguese holidays have connotation and a Christian origin. The eras leading to the formation of the First Portuguese Republic. The Constitution relating in Portugal to religious freedom. The Portuguese language is derived from the Latin, is the official language. Mirandese is recognized also in some municipalities of North-Eastern Portugal as a co-official regional language. Schools and Institutes are also common designations for higher education institutions for autonomous subdivisions of Portuguese. The PISA results of the Portuguese students have been improving continuously a number. The oldest Portuguese university was established first in Lisbon. Historically founded the oldest engineering school of the Americas as the oldest medical college in 1792. The Bologna process has been adopted by poly-technical institutes and Portuguese universities since 2006. Higher education is provided on a system of numerus clausus on a competitive basis. The Portuguese health system is characterized by three. The SNS provides universal coverage is funded predominantly through general taxation. Employee contributions and Employer represent the main funding sources of the health subsystems. Portuguese people die 12 % than in the Eur-A from cancer. Breast cancer and lung cancer are scarcer cancer of the cervix. This improvement was mainly due in neonatal mortality to the decrease. A 20th-century interpretation of traditional architecture appears extensively in especially Lisbon in major cities. Modern Portugal has given the world, renowned architects de Moura like Eduardo Souto. Portugal Tomás Taveira is also noteworthy for stadium design. Poet Luís and Adventurer wrote the epic poem Os Lusíadas with Virgil's Aeneid. Modern Portuguese literature is represented as Almeida Garrett by authors. Two other popular fish recipes are caldeirada and grilled sardines, a potato-based stew. Typical fast food dishes include the Francesinha from bifanas and Porto. The Portuguese art of pastry has origins in the many medieval Catholic monasteries. Portuguese wines have enjoyed international recognition since the times of the Romans. Madeira and Port are appreciated particularly around the world in a wide range of places. The renaissance was influenced highly by north European painting. Vieira Lusitano and the Barroque period Joana d'Obidos were the most prolific painters. The legendary Eusébio is a still major symbol of Portuguese football history. Portuguese football managers are also noteworthy with Fernando Santos and José Mourinho. Youth level have won several UEFA European Youth Championships and two FIFA World Youth Championships. S.L. Benfica are the largest sports clubs by number of trophies by popularity, have won eight titles in the European UEFA club competitions. The Portuguese national rugby union team qualified for the Portuguese national rugby sevens team and the 2007 Rugby World Cup. Athletics have won a number of gold, bronze medals and silver. The paralympic athletes have conquered also many medals like swimming in sports. Motorsport is noted internationally for the Rally of Portugal. Equestrian sports won the only Horseball-Pato World Championship. The mean age of the resident population was 43.9 years, an increase in the last decade of about 3 years. I. Estimated using purchasing power parity rate, growth rate of Switzerland. Q. Based from Health Surveys and ICF Macro Demographic on data. Portuguese sailors began exploring the coast of Africa in 1419. The CIA includes collecting information is particularly interested in information. The Atlantic Ocean is the top of a giant shield volcano. Laurissilva is a relic of the forest includes a wide diversity of flora, a number of rare ferns. 15000 ha making the largest Laurissilva forest in the world. A left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. A population pyramid illustrates sex structure and the age. Female populations and The male are broken down into 5-year age groups. The shape of the population pyramid evolves gradually over time. Additional information please see the entry on Notes page and the Definitions for Population pyramid. The center-left minority has unwound some unpopular austerity measures.
|1031||Almost two centuries became the Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031 in 929.|
|1139||The Battle of São Mamede be proclaimed later King of Portugal in 1139 at the Battle of Ourique.|
|1143||Afonso was recognized by King Alfonso VII of León in 1143.|
|1179||Afonso was recognized by King Alfonso VII of León in 1143.|
|1290||Portuguese universities have existed since 1290.|
|1419||Portuguese sailors began exploring the coast of Africa in 1419.|
|1498||Bartolomeu Dias rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1498.|
|1580||Portugal was interrupted, between 1580.|
|1792||Historically founded the oldest engineering school of the Americas as the oldest medical college in 1792.|
|1801||Portuguese sovereignty was ceded under the Treaty of Badajoz to Spain.|
|1815||Portugal claimed under the Treaty of Vienna in 1815.|
|1825||Brazilian independence was recognized in 1825.|
|1834||The war ended with Miguel's defeat in 1834.|
|1842||Historically founded the oldest engineering school of the Americas as the oldest medical college in 1792.|
|1911||Some islands have been claimed since 1911 by Spain.|
|1933||Turn led de Oliveira Salazar under António.|
|1947||India attained independence in 1947.|
|1957||The last terrestrial volcanic eruption occurred in 1957.|
|1970s||The second decade of the 21st century suffered most severe recession since the 1970s.|
|1971||Italian navigators belonged until 1971 to private owners.|
|1974||Democracy was restored in 1974 after the Carnation Revolution and the Portuguese Colonial War.|
|1975||The 1996 country gained independence in 1975.|
|1980s||Portugal has the largest aquarium, considerable resources of wind, the highest mortality rate, several summer music festivals, a rich history in the Portuguese and the Lisbon Oceanarium in Europe.|
|1999||The 1996 country joined Monetary Union and the Economic in 1999.|
|2001||These figures represent a drop in 2001 from 86.9 % of Catholics.|
|2004||Military conscription was abolished in 2004.|
|2006||N. Based from United Nations Children's Fund on data.|
|2009||The economy contracted in 2009.|