Northumberland was a long wild county played a key role from the 18th century in the Industrial Revolution, remains largely rural the least-densely populated county is dominated by some multi-national corporations, is included within the North East England European Parliament constituency. Northumberland is represented by four UK Parliamentary constituencies. The county town is Alnwick although the county council. The county of Northumberland included Newcastle until 1400 upon Tyne, is served by St Benet Biscop Catholic Academy by one Catholic high school.
Islandshire were incorporated in 1844 into Northumberland. Other settlements and Tynemouth were transferred to Tyne. The county is the core of that former land, a frontier zone is ranked sixth lowest amongst these 63 council areas, received annually 50000 foreign tourists and 1.1 million British visitors. The Roman road Dere Street crosses the county over high moorland west of the Cheviot Hills from Corbridge. Medieval times has more castles in England than any other county. The historical boundaries of Northumbria stretched from the Humber. Lindisfarne saw the production of the Lindisfarne Gospels. The Earldom of Northumberland was held briefly by marriage by the Scottish royal family. The Earls of Northumberland wielded once significant power in English affairs. These revolts were led usually by the Percy family by the Earls of Northumberland. The Percys were aided often by other powerful Northern families in conflict. Roman Catholicism was a centre in England for Roman Catholicism. Many coal mines operated until the widespread closures in Northumberland.
The region's coalfields fuelled industrial expansion in other areas of Britain. Armaments and Shipbuilding manufacture were other important industries before the deindustrialisation of the 1980s. A second area of igneous rock underlies the Whin Sill, an intrusion of Carboniferous dolerite. The far north of England having many areas of high land, Northumberland. A Approximately quarter of the county is protected as an area of outstanding landscape as the Northumberland National Park. The Northumberland Coast is also Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Current basic prices published for National Statistics by Office. Planning approval was given for an open cast mine in 2014 01. Pharmaceutical emerging medical biotechnology companies, a very significant part of the county. 11000 worker Northeast of England Process Industry Cluster. The two processes are connected not officially the introduction of two tiers. Cramlington Learning Village has almost 400 pupils in each school year. The Blyth Academy hold 1500 students throughout the building.
Students attend also independent schools in Newcastle as the Royal Grammar School. The 2001 census reported religion as 0.8 % as Christianity. Significant areas of upland is only 62 persons per square kilometre. Most English shire counties Northumberland had until a 2009 two-tier system of local government until April. The County Council elections returned the following results. The UK General election returned the following results. Traditional Northumberland music has more similarity to Irish music and Lowland Scottish. The Border ballads of the region have been famous since late mediaeval times. One reason is the clear pattern of net southward migration. The current arms were granted in 1951 to the county council. Nearby Tyne Wear Archives Service is remembering however worth like many administrative areas that although Northumberland. Famous people born in Northumberland, linked with Northumberland. Ashington was the birthplace of the three famous footballers Bobby. Josephine Butler born social reformer in 1828 at Milfield.
Thomas Burt was secretary of the Northumberland Miners. Turner painted memorable pictures of Northumberland tipped always hat towards Norham Castle. Northumberland The Northumberland Coast Path is part of the North Sea Trail. The town of Alnwick known historically as the County town of Northumberland. The Scottish Borders was the Percies and a lawless place, Lords of the Marches. The Alnwick area is mostly agricultural from ancient times. The opening of The Alnwick Garden created by Alnwick by the present duchess of Northumberland. The boundaries of the Palatinate differed from bishopric estates from the boundaries of the Durham. The Palatinate's judicial institutions lingered on because national government, was abolished strong local pressure. The bishops of Durham were between 1300 as counts palatine. The bishop retained also still supremacy in the Palatinate over civil government and civil jurisdiction. The Civil War was abolished at the Restoration in 1660. The period of general reform suggested abolishing this proposal and the Palatinate courts. A more detailed account of the courts see TNA's online guide http:. The Durham County Court declined from the 14th century. The Court of Chancery was the most important Durham court. The first Durham Court of Pleas was retained in 1873 in 1836. The 1536 Durham was resumed by the thenceforth Crown and the Crown. The Palatinate Court of Pleas dealt thereafter mainly with civil cases. Justices of the peace were commissioned until 1536 by the bishop of Durham. Records of the justices were kept separately from the main body of Palatinate records. The temporal chancellor was appointed until 1836 by the bishop of Durham, presided in the Chancery Court, was a usually senior lawyer in the royal courts. The secretarial functions of the Durham Chancery were ranked second to the chancellor, issued most Chancery writs diminished although the office from the 17th century onwards. The 1855 Chancery Court sat in the Exchequer Building in the bishop's exchequer.
The judge's bench has been re-erected in the Durham Heritage Centre. The 19th century heard few cases was reformed by the Palatinate Court of Durham Act, survived until 1971. The Restoration appeals went to the royal court of Admiralty. Some post-1868 material was included with the University of Durham in the 1954 deposit. The Chancery Division of the Supreme Court remaining records of Chancery proceedings. The charity was regulated by the Palatinate Court of Chancery. Additional creditor Thomas Parkinson of Bishop Auckland owed debt. The volume includes also several pages of manuscript notes, fees, recoveries and fines. The National Renewable Energy Centre is located in Blyth.
|1139||The Earldom of Northumberland was held briefly by marriage by the Scottish royal family.|
|1300||The bishops of Durham were between 1300 as counts palatine.|
|1400||The county of Northumberland included Newcastle until 1400 upon Tyne.|
|1508||William Turner born in 1508 at Morpeth.|
|1536||Justices of the peace were commissioned until 1536 by the bishop of Durham.|
|1660||The Civil War was abolished at the Restoration in 1660.|
|1748||Cuthbert Collingwood born upon Tyne at Newcastle.|
|1768||Bryan Donkin born in 1768 at Sandhoe.|
|1781||George Stephenson born in 1781 at Wylam.|
|1802||George Airy born in 1802 at Alnwick.|
|1815||Grace Darling born in 1815 at Bamburgh.|
|1816||Daniel Gooch born in 1816 at Bedlington.|
|1828||Josephine Butler born social reformer in 1828 at Milfield.|
|1836||The temporal chancellor was appointed until 1836 by the bishop of Durham.|
|1844||Islandshire were incorporated in 1844 into Northumberland.|
|1878||Wilfrid Wilson Gibson born in 1878 at Hexham.|
|1900||Basil Bunting born in 1900 at Scotswood-on-Tyne.|
|1948||The Rt Rev Dr N. T. Wright born in 1948 in Morpeth.|
|1951||Kevin Whately born near Hexham in Humshaugh.|
|1963||Trevor Steven born in 1963 in Berwick-upon-Tweed.|
|1964||Robson Green born in 1964 at Hexham.|
|1970||Alexander Armstrong born in 1970 at Rothbury.|
|1971||The 19th century survived until 1971.|
|1975||Richard Pattison born in 1975 in Ashington.|
|1979||Pete Doherty born in 1979 at Hexham.|
|2006||A programme introduced in 2006.|