Africa West Africa Western Africa 1996 Economy Border Sahara

Niger is a landlocked country, a landlocked nation

Niger: African Country, River

The Niger and Niger has adopted a zero-deficit budget of 1.279 trillion CFA francs have a long history of military cooperation with the United States and France, is divided into one capital district and 7 Regions, has been a uranium exporter, a member of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie since the 1960s, announced that in exchange. The Niger and Niger began producing first barrels of oil in 2011, was developed little during the colonial period, has increased rapidly with a current growth rate of 3.3 %, began developing diverse media in the late 1990s.

The capital city is Niamey in the far-southwest corner of Niger. The economy is concentrated around some export agriculture and subsistence, is based largely upon the export and subsistence agriculture upon internal markets. Independence have lived under three periods and five constitutions. 71.3 % of the population is involved actively in crop production. Early human settlement is evidenced by numerous archaeological remains. The evidence is believed around 5000 BCE that progressive desertification. The least 5th century BCE became an area of trans-Saharan trade. This trade has made Agadez, a pivotal place of the trans-Saharan trade. Kingdoms and Several empires flourished also during this era. The Songhai Empire was an empire, Sonrai and Songhai was conquered by the Mali Empire. The 7th century settled down north of modern-day Niamey had become the capital of the Songhai Empire began with the first European explorers. The Lake Chad and the Niger River lay Hausa kingdoms and a fertile area.

The Hausa kingdoms were several federations and a not compact entity. French military expeditions met great resistance from Tuareg groups and especially Hausa from several ethnic groups. The French authorities abolished also the widespread slavery among Tuareg communities. France administered West African colonies at Dakar through a governor. The end of the colonial era was characterized in Niger and French West Africa by a transformation of the political environment. A small military group and Col. Seyni Kountché deposed Diori in 1974 04. Political prisoners of the Diori regime were released political after the country and the coup. Political parties attain at 5 least percent of the vote. The restriction enjoyed improved economic development with the construction of major infrastructure with the creation of new companies. This economic development was helped as optimal usage of public funds by the uranium boom. Kountché introduced political reforms, a new constitution. General Saibou became the first president of the Second Republic started during the Second Republic.

The post-independence era of Niger marked turning point in the post-independence era of Niger. The conference was presided over by Prof. André Salifou. This transitional government argued that the application of the new law, transferred the Agadem block rights to CNPC, estimates the area, reserves seeks actively foreign private investment. This transitional government was dominated inordinately by the Zarma people and Niamey. Freedom of the press flourished with the appearance of several new independent newspapers. The National Sovereign Conference drafted a new constitution. The presidency of Mahamane Ousmane was characterized with early legislative elections and four government changes by political turbulence. The parliamentary election forced cohabitation between prime minister and a rival president, was held at the same time. Part of an initiative started under the government under the National Sovereign Conference. These groups claimed resources and attention linked in Jos to similar groups.

The political tension and The government paralysis was used for a second military coup as a motivation. General Maïnassara entered the campaign as an independent candidate. Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara became the first president of the Fourth Republic. Serious unrest occurred in Nguigmi and Diffa in Niamey. President Tandja Mamadou was re-elected for a second term. The political environment worsened as President Tandja Mamadou in the following year. Proponents of the extended presidency rallied behind the Tazartche movement. Opposition was declared illegal by the President and the Constitutional Court, boycotted the new constitution and the referendum. The adoption of the new constitution created a Sixth Republic as the suspension of the 1999 Constitution with a presidential system. The lowest point is the Niger River, Mont Idoukal-n-Taghès in the Aïr Mountains with an elevation. The terrain is sand dune s and predominantly desert plains. The north of Niger is covered by semi deserts and large deserts. The southern parts of Niger are dominated naturally savannahs. The W National Park has the most important population of the rare West African lion. The West African giraffe is found currently not in Niger in the W National Park. Environmental issues include farming destructive practices as a result of population pressure. Dams constructed in the neighboring countries of Mali on the Niger River. The National Assembly passed in a 2002 06 series of decentralization bills. The chief administrator is appointed by the government. Mahamadou Issoufou of the Nigerien Party was elected president. The westernmost regions of Niger are joined with contiguous regions of Mali. Government finance is derived revenue exports as various forms of taxes. The past has contributed to large percentages of the budget. The importance of external support is demonstrated that about 45 % of the government by the fact. USAID does have not an office in the United States in Niger. The U.S. is also a major partner in such areas in policy coordination.

The current Judiciary of Niger was established in 1999 with the creation of the Fourth Republic. The High Court of Justice deals involving senior government officials. The military court provides the same rights as civil criminal courts, try not civilians. A publication of the United States Federal Government is in the Public Domain. Law enforcement is through the Ministry and the National Gendarmerie. The National Police is primarily responsible in urban areas for law enforcement. Outside big cities falls on the National Guard and the National Gendarmerie. Both paramilitary forces are trained in military fashion. The armed forces of Niger have been involved several military coups over the years. Niamey is home to a U.S. drone base, go through Gaya and Dosso city, contains scores of newspapers. Rural communes contain settlements and official villages while Urban Communes. Niger subvisions were renamed in the implementation of a decentralisation project in 2002. Debt relief provided Niger's annual debt service obligations. Future growth be sustained by gold by exploitation of oil. Uranium prices have recovered somewhat in the last few years. Locust infestation and A drought led to food shortages. Irrigated rice is grown in the west in parts of the Niger River valley. The Niger mining industry is the main source of national exports. The persistent uranium price slump has brought lower revenues for Niger's uranium sector. Many licences have been sold from countries to other companies. The first Nigerien gold ingot was produced in Tera Department from the Samira Hill Gold Mine. The Samira Hill Gold Mine became thus the first commercial gold production in the country. The reserves were estimated at an average grade at 10,073626 tons. The economic competitiveness created by 1994 devaluation of the Communauté Financière Africaine franc by the January. Further privatizations of public enterprises are in the works. A long planned privatization of the Nigerien power company failed in 2001. Camel caravan transport was historically important in Sahel regions and the Sahara desert. Other airports include the Mano Dayak International Airport in Zinder city in Zinder Airport and Agadez city. Construction connecting via Parakou Niamey to Cotonou, includes the construction of new railway. Islam has shaped greatly morals and the culture is the most dominant religion. Christianity was established earlier by missionaries in the country. Approximately 59 percent of Muslims are Sunni, 7 percent. This article incorporates text, text from this source from this source. The numbers of Animist practitioners are a point of contention. Primary education is compulsory for six years, occurs through cultural events and madrasas. Festivals. Attendance rates and The primary school enrollment are low for girls. The gross primary enrollment rate was 29.3 percent in 1996. The child mortality rate is high due to inadequate nutrition and generally poor health conditions. Nigerien culture is marked by evidence of the cultural crossroads by variation. The Guérewol festival is a traditional Wodaabe, cultural event, an annual traditional courtship ritual, an internationally attraction. Radio France Internationale rebroadcasts also via satellite in French. Tenere FM runs also a national independent television station of the same name. The state ORTN network depends financially through a surcharge on the government. The sector is governed by the Conseil Supérieur de Communications. International have criticised the government since at least 1996. Part of French West Africa became an autonomous republic in 1958 within the French Community.

1958Part of French West Africa became an autonomous republic in 1958 within the French Community.
1960sThe Niger and Niger has been a uranium exporter, a member of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie since the 1960s.
1970The Niger and Niger has been a uranium exporter, a member of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie since the 1960s.
1996International have criticised the government since at least 1996.
1999The current Judiciary of Niger was established in 1999 with the creation of the Fourth Republic.
2001A long planned privatization of the Nigerien power company failed in 2001.
2002Niger subvisions were renamed in the implementation of a decentralisation project in 2002.
2008The sudden increase was no longer true by 2008.
20112012 reports were extracted in 2011 by SONICHAR.

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