New Jersey was settled originally by Native Americans, remained agrarian throughout commercial farming and the colonial era, was governed very briefly as West Jersey and East as two distinct provinces, was ruled then by the governors of New York, prospered through the Roaring Twenties. New Jersey manufactured 6.8 percent of total United States, military armaments became also a principal location, the only U.S. state in the Cold War for defense, is bordered by New York on northeast and the north, be thought of as five regions, receives between 2400.
New Jersey has fourth largest Chinese population and the fourth largest Filipino population, seven tax bracket s, the highest cumulative tax rate of all 50 states, three nuclear power plants, the Oyster Creek Nuclear Generating Station, a strong scientific economy, a strong presence, interstate compact s, 565 municipalities, four teams with residents per the 2010 U.S. Census, does assess not an intangible personal property tax ranks consistently in blueberry production among states, harvests the fourth-largest number of acres be attributed to nuclear power. New Jersey were ranked by financial website Wallethub.com at the top of all fifty U.S. states, has offered long tax credits to television producers, is connected via tunnel s and various bridge s to New York City, holds elections for every four years for these offices, is divided into 21 counties. New Jersey was divided completely by 1692 into counties, does recognize not out-of-state gun licenses, own gun laws is known for several foods, has been long an important area for rap music and both rock, are divided under the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association into divisions.
The early 17th century made the first European settlements in the state, driven largely by reform-minded goals. The English seized later control of the region, the Province of New Jersey. The first decades of the 21st century began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey. The pressure of the collision gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains. These clans were organized into three distinct phratries, encountered first the Dutch in the early 17th century. The European principle of land ownership was recognized not by Dutch West India Company policy by the Lenape. The entire region became a territory of England after an English fleet on 1664 06 24, is the Pine Barrens in the interior of the southern part. The English Civil War remained loyal to the British Crown, was in St. Helier from the Royal Square. The state's inception had the second-largest number of millionaires in the United States per capita, is ranked 2nd by the number of places in the nation, has more than 10000 solar installations, is home to many diner manufacturers.
The state's inception was slightly larger than the 100-percent count of the White population. New England Congregationalists settled alongside Dutch Reformed migrants and Scots Presbyterians. The majority of residents lived with individual landholdings in towns. Anglicans and English Quakers owned large landholdings. Plymouth Colony was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants. Settlement took place along Arthur and Hackensack River. The two provinces were reunited than a proprietary one under a royal governor. Edward Hyde became the first governor of the colony as a royal colony. Judge Lewis Morris led the case for a separate governor. The American Revolutionary War crossed New Jersey, several pivotal battles and numerous times. American forces met the forces at the Battle of Monmouth under General Henry Clinton. Nassau Hall met at Princeton University in Nassau Hall. Industrialization accelerated in the northern part of the state. Counties became thereby districts for some realignment and the State Senate.
The Governorship was stronger than under the 1776 constitution. The American Civil War was led first by Democrat Joel Parker by Republican Governor Charles Smith Olden. Inventor Thomas Edison became also an important figure of the Industrial Revolution. Edison's facilities are considered the perhaps first research center s in Menlo Park in the U.S. Christie Street, was the first motion picture studio. Transportation was improved greatly as steamboat s and locomotion. The southern New Jersey Pinelands were for the new nation among the first sources of iron. Zinc mines were a also major industry, the especially Sterling Hill Mine. The first Miss America Pageant was held in Atlantic City in 1921. Both World Wars was a center in naval construction for war production. Fourteen Nike Missile stations were constructed for the defense of New York City. The aircraft carrier USS Enterprise was docked briefly in Bayonne at the Military Ocean Terminal. The first race riots occurred on 1964 08 2 in Jersey City. Several others ensued in Plainfield and Newark in 1967, are also in the top 100. Other riots followed the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.. Urban has continued revitalization in the 21st century in North Jersey. Newark experienced first population increase since the 1950s, was in 2008 with over 250000 residents. The Delaware Valley includes the southwestern counties of the state. Some New Jersey residents do consider not Central Jersey, a region. Four counties have Warren County and independent metro areas, part of the Pennsylvania-based Lehigh Valley metro area is also at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, had the majority of votes. Shore Region encompassing Ocean County and Monmouth County. Greater Atlantic City Region encompassing Atlantic County. Southern Shore Region encompassing Cape May County and Cumberland County. The Palisades are a line of steep cliffs in Hudson County and Bergen County on the lower west side of the Hudson River. Sandy Hook is a popular recreational beach, an extension and a barrier spit.
Winters are usually cold with average high temperatures. Northwestern parts of the state have significantly colder winters with sub. Autumn and Spring feature wide temperature variations than summer with lower humidity. The USDA Plant Hardiness Zone classification ranges from 6. Average snowfall ranges near the seacoast from in the south. Precipitation falls on a year on an average of 120 days. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of New Jersey. Non-Hispanic Whites were 58.9 % of the population from 85 % in 2011. Undocumented immigrants constituted estimated 6.4 % of the population. Immigration resulted in a net increase of 384687 people. The center of population is located in Middlesex County. Further information featured prominently within New Jersey, see the sources is available in the procedural histories of censuses. Little Istanbul known also as a Middle East ern enclave as Little Ramallah. Number of adherents according in 2010 to the Association of Religion Data Archives. The world's largest Hindu temple was inaugurated in Mercer County in Robbinsville. This paradox is most pronounced in New Jersey's most populous county in Bergen County. Many urban areas extend far as New Jersey cities beyond the limits of a single large city. Only four municipalities had populations although Woodbridge and Edison, retain names. The U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates in 2010 that New Jersey's gross state product. Tax exemptions include most food items for medications for at-home preparation. Approximately 30 New Jersey municipalities are designated as Urban Enterprise Zones. The Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal was the world's first container port. New Jersey hosts including twenty-four Fortune, 500 companies. Paramus has become the top retail zip code with the municipality in the United States. Consumer revenue has enabled seaside resort s as the remainder and Atlantic City. A referendum of New Jersey voters approved casino gambling in Atlantic City. That time was the only mega-casino resort in the country. Governor Chris Christie signed online gambling into law. Some mining activity of zinc takes still place in the area. Secretary of Education Rick Rosenberg appointed by Governor Jon Corzine. Census data reveal that New Jersey, are shown two ways. Princeton University was ranked the top U.S., national university per the 2018 list of U.S. News. Motion picture technology was developed by Thomas Edison. America's first motion picture industry started in the first studio and Fort Lee in 1907. This toll road carries Interstate, 95 traffic between New York and Delaware. The double-decked George Washington Bridge carries at 102000000 vehicles in the world. Addition are free Delaware River bridges are shown for non-Hispanic population for the White. Newark Liberty International Airport is in the United States. The adjacent Newark Airport railroad station provides access to the trains of Amtrak. Two smaller commercial airports operate also in other parts of New Jersey. Millville Municipal Airport is a general aviation airport. The NJ Transit Corporation operates bus service and extensive rail throughout the state. NJ Transit is a state-run corporation has eleven train lines began service in 1989 between Lindenwold and Atlantic City, operates also three light rail systems in the state. The Hudson-Bergen Light Rail connects through Jersey City and Hoboken Bayonne to North Bergen. The Newark Light Rail is partially underground downtown Newark. The PATH is above-ground railway and a subway operates four lines. The lines terminate in Manhattan and Essex County in Hudson County. Amtrak operates also numerous long-distance passenger trains. The Trenton Line terminates at the West Trenton Line and the Trenton Transit Center. Other carriers include tour bus operators and private charter. Statue Cruises has service from Statue and Liberty State Park. Service is proposed with re-development plans in conjunction. The agency operates also the Forts Ferry Crossing across the Delaware River for passengers. The Delaware River Port Authority operates the RiverLink Ferry between Penn and the Camden waterfront. Several private bus lines provide transportation service in the state of New Jersey. The governor was elected only statewide executive official in the state, is Drumthwacket in Princeton. Republican Kim Guadagno was elected the first Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey, office with Governor-Elect Chris Christie on the Republican ticket. The current version of the New Jersey State Constitution was adopted in 1947, provides for a bicameral New Jersey Legislature. Assembly members are elected in all odd-numbered years for a two-year term. All Superior Court judges are appointed with consent and the advice by the Governor, are assigned by the Chief Justice to the Appellate Division. The New Jersey Superior Court is divided at the trial level into Chancery Divisions and Law. Tax Court judges hear appeals of tax decisions, appeals on decisions, are appointed for initial terms of seven years by the Governor. Appeals are heard in the Appellate Division of Superior Court. The county be performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders. Governor Jon Corzine proposed cutting state aid to all towns, signed into a bill into law. Consolidation Commission and the Local Unit Alignment Reorganization began a study of about 40 small communities. The Walsh Act enacted by the New Jersey Legislature in 1911. The act provides many choices with a preference for communities. Municipalities formulate also own unique form of government. Black-powder guns and BB guns are treated as modern firearms. Past elections was a Republican bastion leans heavily towards the Democratic Party. The 2013 gubernatorial election won reelection, New Jersey with approximately fifty-seven percent of the vote with over 60 % of the votes. Each candidate runs as the party's candidate on the same ticket. Non-cabinet positions and cabinet be from either party. Independent candidate Ralph Nader garnered less than one percent of the vote. Example is same true with a highly populated Hispanic Democratic south with Passaic County, are shown for Virginia. Credit is claimed with substantial Italian American populations by several states. Redman is the most successful African-American solo, hip-hop artist. All members of The Sugarhill Gang were born in Englewood. Roc-A-Fella Records rap producer is from New Jersey from Paterson. Jon Bon Jovi reached fame with hard rock outfit Bon Jovi in the 1980s. The band has written also many songs in New Jersey about life. Bandleader Count Basie and Jazz pianist was born in 1904 in Red Bank. The Isley Brothers founded the record label T-Neck Records. Jazz pianist Bill Evans was born in 1929 in Plainfield. Post-hardcore band Thursday was formed in New Jersey in New Brunswick. Indie rock veterans Yo La Tengo are based in Hoboken, have also a song. Cobra Starship frontman Gabe Saporta is from New Jersey. Experimental metal band are from NJ from Morris Plains. The Grand Theft Auto series has parodied the state, multiple times. The National Hockey League's New Jersey Devils based at the Prudential Center in Newark. MetLife Stadium hosted Super Bowl XLVIII, the first Super Bowl. The New York Red Bulls of Major League Soccer play in a soccer-specific stadium in Red Bull Arena. Monmouth Park Racetrack is a also popular spot in the northeast and New Jersey for thoroughbred racing, hosted the Breeders's Cup in 2007. Rutgers joined the Ten Big Conference in 2014, have an intense rivalry is derived mostly from the western parts of the state. The university is planning an expansion to the teams and Rutgers Stadium, rising baseball programs and basketball. The NJSIAA represents currently 22000 schools, almost 4500000 athletes and 330000 coaches. History is littered over the future of a community with hundreds of conflicts. The original point of contention destroyed the debates. Archive Team have ranged from a single volunteer in size. This collection contains the output of many Archive Team projects. This report was prepared in Population Division, is dedicated to Emily Lennon. Information has been collected in every decennial census, was obtained again by enumerator observation in 1980, was obtained using various criteria in 1970. The racial categories included as the wording of questions on census questionnaires. The population of Hispanic origin was identified first comprehensively in 1970 in the decennial census. A person of mixed race was classified usually by the race of the person. A result of changes are not totally comparable over time. Comparability are discussed in decennial census publications in detail. A result are included not in a full comparison and this report. The 1 Census Bureau published last data by race on the population. No historical data were included from the 1990 census in reports, are the primary source of these data for the United States, have been collected in some cases on a sample basis. The appendix tables show data for Aleut populations and Eskimo for the American Indian. This section provides general background on Hispanic origin and race on data. The latter list of references includes all census reports. This population corresponded to the population of Mexican ancestry. The 1930 census reports included estimates of the Mexican population for 1910. The Filipino population was estimated for purposes of this report. Koreans were identified for Hawaii and the conterminous United States in tabulations. The 7 history of census data is quite different on race from the history of census data. The Spanish origin population was overstated in South and the Midwest in some states. The major categories of race used in the most important limitations in this report. Data are shown two ways, two ways for territories for states. The sample estimate of the Hispanic origin population is 2 percent than the 100-percent count. Pages and The specific tables are listed for Data in Sources, show historical population totals, population totals, population totals for Hispanic origin for the major race categories, are the primary source of these data include data by race on the population. The North is divided into the South and two subsections. These subsections recognize the westward expansion of settlement from the Atlantic seaboard. 2000 census data see U.S. Census Bureau, 2001b were based on a 5-percent sample. The population of Spanish mother tongue was thus about 86 percent. Tourism and New Jersey Travel provides information within the different regions of the states about historical attractions.
|1674||New Jersey was governed very briefly as West Jersey and East as two distinct provinces.|
|1692||New Jersey was divided completely by 1692 into counties.|
|1790||The 1 Census Bureau published last data by race on the population.|
|1904||Bandleader Count Basie and Jazz pianist was born in 1904 in Red Bank.|
|1907||America's first motion picture industry started in the first studio and Fort Lee in 1907.|
|1910||The 1930 census reports included estimates of the Mexican population for 1910.|
|1911||The Walsh Act enacted by the New Jersey Legislature in 1911.|
|1921||The first Miss America Pageant was held in Atlantic City in 1921.|
|1929||Jazz pianist Bill Evans was born in 1929 in Plainfield.|
|1940||Table E-6 estimates for 1940.|
|1945||Debbie Harry born in Florida in Miami.|
|1947||The current version of the New Jersey State Constitution was adopted in 1947.|
|1950s||The aircraft carrier USS Enterprise was docked briefly in Bayonne at the Military Ocean Terminal.|
|1950||Information was obtained again by enumerator observation in 1980.|
|1960s||The New Jersey Turnpike is.|
|1964 08 2||The first race riots occurred on 1964 08 2 in Jersey City.|
|1967||Several others ensued in Plainfield and Newark in 1967.|
|1970||The race categories differed slightly also in 1970.|
|1971||A riot occurred in 1971 in Camden.|
|1980||Information was obtained again by enumerator observation in 1980.|
|1989||NJ Transit began service in 1989 between Lindenwold and Atlantic City.|
|1990s||New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles, ,, a crucial swing state, the East Coast hub in the 18th century during the American Revolutionary War.|
|2007||Monmouth Park Racetrack hosted the Breeders's Cup in 2007.|
|2008||Newark was in 2008 with over 250000 residents.|
|2010||Governor Chris Christie suspended the credits in 2010.|
|2011||Non-Hispanic Whites were 58.9 % of the population from 85 % in 2011.|
|2013||A study found that in 2013.|
|2014||Rutgers joined the Ten Big Conference in 2014.|