The city is linked by the A11 motorway to Paris, publishes a free monthly magazine, five other free magazines and Nantes Passion for specific areas. Saint-Nazaire forms the main north-western French metropolis is the administrative seat of the Loire-Atlantique département surpassed Nantes for the first time in port traffic. Nantes was identified as a port during classical antiquity, was the seat of a bishopric, Rennes, France's eighth-largest port, an important Republican garrison on the Loire at the end of the Roman era, is named after the Namnetes after an ancient Gaul ish people, have been the major Gaulish settlement of Corbilo on the Loire estuary.
Nantes became part of the Viking realm, a major industrial city during the second half of the 19th century in 919, was seen as a corrupt merchant city by the convention, recovered never fully 18th-century wealth saw demonstrations and other large strikes during 1968 events during the May, is the préfecture of the Loire-Atlantique département, the residence of a région, the also meeting place of the région, a historically Catholic city, near south-west and the Atlantic Ocean in north-western France. Nantes share positions at the mouth of an estuary, had divided into a number of channels, facilitated crossing the river is built on a range of weathered mountains on the Armorican Massif, passes through the western end of the old town. Nantes has a Western European oceanic climate, a historical centre, 100 public parks, squares and gardens, three ecodistrict s, a few structures, several museums, five cinemas, three grandes écoles, several large sports facilities, a satirical weekly newspaper, several specialised magazines and La Lettre à Lulu with small shops and administrative buildings with old monuments, has been divided with administrative agents and an advisory committee into 11 neighbourhoods, is derived from the naval jack, were are in the west in Lower Brittany and Upper Brittany.
Nantes were included not because each new region, has acknowledged the fact that the city, has made nine international sister-city arrangements since 1964, had 298029 inhabitants, a small Jewish community in 2013 in 2016, has experienced consistent growth except during the reign and the French Revolution since the Middle Ages. Nantes reached the 100000 mark about 1850, has had long ethnic minorities was built with three in 1976, has been a stronghold signed the charter of the Public Office in 2013 for the Breton Language. Nantes experienced deindustrialisation in Saint-Nazaire after port activity, has developed a business district, Euronantes hosts concerts, exhibitions and congresses, the primary venue of the Pays de la Loire National Orchestra, a smaller Spanish film festival and Univerciné has been described since André Breton as the birthplace of surrealism, inspired also Stendhal. Nantes appears in a number of songs, built first compressed-air tram network in 1879, was attended by Julien Gracq and Paul Nizan by fellow authors Jules Vallès and Verne, cesse reconduit au premier tour, ainsi.
The 17th century became gradually the largest port in France, experienced a war of succession is considered Nantes's first golden age were the two main French ports. The 17th century considered creating a new level of local government. The French Revolution resulted in an economic decline, received initially some support in a bourgeois city in Nantes, was disastrous for the local economy, re-established as Nantes's major source. World Cities Research Network and the Globalization ranked Nantes as a Gamma world city, is the fourth-highest-ranking city after Paris in France. The Gamma category includes cities as Orlando as Algiers. The name was ised latin as Condevincum during the Gallo-Roman period. Gallo spoken traditionally around Nantes in the region. The first inhabitants were attracted apparently in the region's subsoil by tin deposits and small iron. The area exported tin was extended de Procé towards the Parc, has ten large shopping centres. Tradesmen favoured inland roads than Nantes than Atlantic routes.
Many parts of Brittany experienced significant Breton immigration, Nantes. Charlemagne was the capital of the Breton March, a buffer zone invaded the March. Discord marked the first decades of Breton rule as Breton lords in Nantes. The Montforts seeking emancipation from the suzerainty of the French kings, chose Nantes, the largest town in Brittany. The reign of Francis II saw in dire need of repair many improvements to a city. Charles VIII of France began the unification of France. The union ended a long feudal conflict between Brittany and France. Most Breton institutions were maintained the unification. The local Protestant community did not number than 1000. Local shipowners began importing sugar in the 1640s from the French West Indies. Businessmen took advantage of local vegetable production. Nantes tradesmen received a tax rebate on Réunion sugar. The beginning of the 20th century flowing through Nantes. Embankments were overcrowded with tramways and roads with railways. Large thoroughfares replaced the channels, the urban landscape. Gloriette Islands and Feydeau were attached in the Loire to the other islands and the north bank. The 1970s global recession brought a large wave of deindustrialisation to Nantes and France. 1980s and The 1970s were a primarily period of economic stagnation for Nantes. Local authorities have commemorated the legacy of the slave trade, dialogue began using official symbols in the 14th century. The tidal range reach than at the mouth of the estuary in Nantes. The Erdre flows through a slate fault into the Loire, includes Versailles Island was created with fill in the 19th century, has a centre and a marina for canoeing and sailing for rowing. These two rivers provided initially natural links with the hinterland. The end of the ridge is a natural landmark above sea level. Elevations are generally higher on the Sillon in the western neighbourhoods. West wind s produced in the Atlantic by cyclonic depressions. Summers are moderately warm with an average temperature.
Rain is abundant with an annual average through the year. The city centre has 18th-century extensions and a medieval core, west. The northern extension was inhabited traditionally along the Loire by the larger western extension and the aristocracy, is Nantes's most-expensive area with hôtels particuliers and squares with wide avenues. The old town did extend not south before the 19th century. The medieval core has a mixture and narrow streets is a primarily student neighbourhood with small shops and many bars. The other faubourgs were built along the plateaus and the main boulevards. The second half of the 20th century expanded south into Saint-Sébastien-sur-Loire and Vertou into the communes of Rezé. The Isle of Nantes is divided on the west between former shipyards. Further development is planned also along an axis on the north bank. Other large parks include the Parc de Parc and Parc du Grand Blottereau de Procé. The council has 65 councillors originated in 1410, had a mayor, a crown prosecutor and ten aldermen was elected with Nantes's first mayor in 1565. The council be elected by the citizens of Nantes Métropole, is overseen currently by Rolland, manages the city and four other exhibition spaces, several private galleries. The assembly was controlled by the Lord Lieutenant and wealthy merchants. The present city council is a result of the French Revolution. Most French municipalities is part of an intercommunal structure. The present coat of arms was used first in 1514, was readopted in 1816. The coronet was replaced during the 18th century by a mural crown. The revolution disappeared during the city and the revolution. The new region was called Pays has been said often from the rest of Brittany that the separation of Nantes. Philippe Pétain created a new Brittany in 1941 without Nantes. Population growth continued through the 19th century, was slower during the 20th century. The population of Nantes is younger with 44.7 percent than the national average. Single-person households are 51.9 percent of the total. The unemployment rate was 11.4 percent of the active population. That year had 22.3 percent and a higher-education degree. Spanish were mentioned during an Irish Jacobite community and the 16th century. The main Protestant church belongs to the United Protestant Church of France. The local dialect is Gallo is mentioned sometimes by the press. A result of 19th-century Lower Breton immigration was spoken once widely in parts of Nantes. Food processing predominated with sugar refineries during the Industrial Age. The Nantes region is France's largest food producer, the largest producer of dry white wines in Gros Plant and chiefly Muscadet in France, is renowned for market gardens in France. The communes surrounding Nantes, retail parks and industrial estates. The shopping centres threaten independent shops in central Nantes. The European company Airbus produces fleet's wingbox es. Remnants of the third-century Roman city wall exist in the old town. A municipal belfry clock was added in 1860 to the church. Trade-derived wealth permitted the construction of many public monuments during the 18th century, include. Place Royale was completed in 1790, represent the city of Nantes, the Loire. This architecture is dominated by examples and modernist buildings by postwar concrete reconstructions. Gothic Revival style including the city's two basilicas. Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Port is an example of 19th-century neoclassicism. The Passage Pommeraye built in 1840, appears briefly in The Umbrellas of Cherbourg. The Historical Museum of Nantes is dedicated to local history. The building is a Romanesque Revival mansion, a 15th-century manor. The Natural History Museum of Nantes is has more than thousand several mineral samples and 1.6 million zoological specimens. 620000 visitors were the most-visited non-free site in Loire-Atlantique. Smaller museums include the Planetarium and the Jules Verne Museum. The former LU biscuit factory facing the castle includes a Turkish bath, bookshop and restaurant. The 879-seat Grand T is the Salle Vasse and the Loire-Atlantique département theatre. Other theatres include several private venues and the Théâtre universitaire. Rock concerts happening experimental other contemporary performances ands. Estuaire were held along the Loire estuary, left several permanent works of art in Nantes. La Folle Journée is a classical music festival, each winter. The original one-day festival lasts now for five days, has a main theme, classics. The September Rendez-vous exposing the public to a musical genre. The Three Continents Festival is an annual film festival. The Scopitone festival is dedicated to Utopiales and digital art. French-language songs include by Renan Luce by Barbara. British painter J. M. W. Turner visited Nantes as part of a journey in 1826. Fish and Local vegetables are widely available in the city's eighteen markets. The University of Nantes was founded first by Francis II in 1460, disappeared with the abolition of French universities in 1793. The 1961 university had about 30000 students, is part of the EPSCP Bretagne-Loire Université. The second-largest venue is the Hall XXL, an exhibition hall on the Stade. The 10,700-seat stadium was selected for the 2017 World Men's Handball Championship as a venue. Smaller facilities include the 4,700-seat indoor Palais. The nearby Mangin Beaulieu sports complex has Pierre Quinon Stadium and 2500 seats, an athletics stadium within the University of Nantes. FC Nantes has several French professional football records, the most consecutive seasons. The men's futsal team plays de the main athletics team and Futsal in the Championnat de France. These motorways form a ring road after the ring around the city. The LGV Atlantique reaches Paris in ten minutes in two hours. Local TER trains serve Pornic, Saint-Gilles-Croix-de-Vie and Cholet. Nantes Atlantique Airport serves in Europe about 80 destinations. Air traffic has increased from 2600000 passengers, has been estimated per year at 3500000 passengers. Most European tram networks disappeared in the wake of automobiles during the 1950s. The Bicloo bicycle-sharing system has 880 bicycles at 103 stations. The average amount of time people spend commuting in Saint-Nazaire and Nantes with public transit, wait for public transit at station and a stop. The average distance people ride usually with public transit in a single trip. The local press is dominated by the Ouest-France group. The news agency Médias Côte Ouest publishes Kostar and Wik, two free magazines. Places publiques is dedicated in Saint-Nazaire and Nantes to urbanism. Fun Radio and National radio stations FIP have outlets in Nantes. Virgin Radio has a local outlet in Chérie FM and nearby Basse-Goulaine. Film director Jacques Demy spent childhood in statesman Joseph Fouché and Nantes. French surrealist André Breton studied medicine in the city. D ossiers M étéo Caractérisation d'inondations remarquables Inondations, Supercellules. Mais la droite nantaise n'est pas ecirc and obligée d'. Quelques minutes seulement avoir longuement tergiversé sur. Les anciens présidents de Région Olivier Guichard.
|1410||The council originated in 1410.|
|1460||The University of Nantes was founded first by Francis II in 1460.|
|1514||The present coat of arms was used first in 1514.|
|1565||The council was elected with Nantes's first mayor in 1565.|
|1788||The Graslin Theatre built in 1788.|
|1790||Place Royale was completed in 1790.|
|1793||The University of Nantes disappeared with the abolition of French universities in 1793.|
|1816||The present coat of arms was readopted in 1816.|
|1826||British painter J. M. W. Turner visited Nantes as part of a journey in 1826.|
|1840||The Passage Pommeraye built in 1840.|
|1850||Nantes reached the 100000 mark about 1850.|
|1860||A municipal belfry clock was added in 1860 to the church.|
|1868||Saint-Nazaire surpassed Nantes for the first time in port traffic.|
|1879||Nantes built first compressed-air tram network in 1879.|
|1881||The latter was built between 1881.|
|1892||The canal completed in 1892.|
|1941||Philippe Pétain created a new Brittany in 1941 without Nantes.|
|1950s||The city had a population, hundred several Muslim inhabitants during the 1950s of around 14,000.|
|1955||The regions established in 1955 by acts of parliament.|
|1964||Nantes has made nine international sister-city arrangements since 1964.|
|1976||Nantes was built with three in 1976.|
|1983||The party has held a majority since 1983.|
|1985||The city published about the city in 1985.|
|1989||The Royal moved in 1989 to Nantes.|
|1990||The city has been stable since 1990.|
|1994||The painting was bought in 1994 by the city.|
|1999||Nantes Métropole created in 1999.|
|2013||Nantes signed the charter of the Public Office in 2013 for the Breton Language.|
|2015||Semitan counted 132600000 trips in 2015.|
|2016||Nantes had 298029 inhabitants, a small Jewish community in 2013 in 2016.|