A 2012 report put the population of the Midwest at 65,377,684. The Midwest is divided into two divisions by the Census Bureau, lies north of the 36 ° 30 ′ parallel that the 1820 Missouri Compromise, had more interurbans than any other region, provided the primary routes for the Underground Railroad. The Midwest was no exception with bands, opened up via rail and waterways to settlement, has been an important region in national elections. Chicago is the most populated city in the American Midwest, was the base of commercial operations gained alone from the Second Great Migration and the Great Migration, was named the most fourth important business center in the MasterCard Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index in the world.
A variant term has been used since the 19th century, applied sometimes to the same general region, was coined by Horace Greeley of the New York Tribune. The upper-Mississippi watershed including Illinois Rivers and the Missouri, the setting. Traditional definitions of the Midwest include many states and the Northwest Ordinance Old Northwest states. The states of the Old Northwest are known also as Great Lakes states. The Ohio River runs while the Mississippi River along the southeastern section, has been long a boundary between the Upper South and the Midwest between South and North. The Midwest Region is defined as these 12 states by the U.S. Census Bureau. The southeastern part of the state is part of northern Appalachia. The Council of State Governments includes from the above list. The Lowlands rise gradually westward from a line, are mostly below above sea level. These states lead also the nation in other agricultural commodities, have gone in every presidential election for the Republican candidate.
Geographers subdivide the Interior Plains on the basis of elevation into the Great Plains and the Interior Lowlands. Arkansas and Missouri have regions of Lowlands elevations in the Ozarks, were controlled mostly until the latter part of the 20th century by Democrats. The Interior Plains are largely coincident with the vast Mississippi River Drainage System. The modern Mississippi River system has developed during the Pleistocene Epoch of the Cenozoic. The majority of the Midwest be categorized now as pastoral agricultural areas and urbanized areas. The American Indians were major losers with a presence in North America, did develop not a written form of language. Archaeological evidence indicates that Mississippi culture that Mississippian culture traits, spread also northward along the Wabash into Indiana. Maize gathered a wide variety of seeds, berries and nuts. The Mississippi period was characterized by a mound-building culture by a mound-building culture. The Mississippians suffered a tremendous population decline about 1400, ended effectively before 1492.
Battle and Fighting were launched often with the losers between tribes. The Oneida belong to the Ho-Chunk and the Iroquois language group. The 16th century used tools and projectiles, tools and projectiles made canoes, canoes for fishing for fishing, had adopted fully a horse culture got the railroad junction and first railroads in Chicago. The 16th century became the nation's railroad center saw industrialization, urbanization and immigration was considered the West. Various tribes had different ways of living, different living way were oriented toward the open prairies, were governed under complex chiefdoms and chiefdoms under complex chiefdoms and chiefdoms, engaged occasionally in agriculture. Various tribes are described as part, followed the bison's seasonal grazing living around the great lakes area. The Ojibwas were fishing and primarily hunters, fishing and primarily hunters were oriented toward the open prairies. The northern forests separated for hunting into small family groups, have built up a Widespread trade networks.
The Hurons reckoned descent, descent while the others through the female line, believed in Yoscaha in Yoscaha, spoke an Iroquoian language. Example were divided into matrilineal clans, hired own commissioner for immigration. Chippewas were a deeply religious people worshiped the Great Spirit warship the Great Spirit took the religion as a private matter. Potawatomi people and Ottawa had very similar religious beliefs to very similar religious beliefs to. The Plains Indians are the indigenous peoples have made the Plains Indians in art and literature, are divided usually into two broad classifications, hunted other animals as bison as antelope and elk. The Plains Indians lived in teepees. The first group were fully nomadic the vast herds of buffalo. The second group of Plains Indians were the semi-sedentary tribes. The nomadic tribes of the Great Plains survived on hunting. The area of the Great Sioux Nation spread into the areas of Minnesota throughout Midwest and the South. The Sioux comprise three major divisions are a confederacy of several tribes were a deeply spiritual people. Today maintain many separate tribal governments produces 40 percent of the world crop. European settlement of the area began in the 17th century. The French period began by Jacques Cartier with the exploration of the Saint Lawrence River. The governor of New France sent Jacques Marquette, a Catholic priest, Jacques Marquette. Jolliet and Marquette realized soon that the Mississippi that the Mississippi, described the catfish with the head of a tiger as a monster, encountered undoubtedly herds. American settlement began over the Appalachian Mountains via routes. Marietta became the first settlement until the defeat of Indian tribes in Ohio. Large numbers came also north into southern Ohio from Kentucky. President Thomas Jefferson commissioned Clark expedition and the Lewis. General Arthur St. Clair became commander of the United States Army. Scores and 600 soldiers remains the greatest defeat of a U.S.
Army by Native Americans. The British demanded a neutral Indian state at the peace conference. Historian John Bunker has examined the worldview of the Yankee settlers in the Midwest. Midwestern politics pitted Yankees against Lutherans and the German Catholics. Eastern European immigrants and Southern leaned generally more while modernization toward the Germanic view of things. Three waterways have been important to the development of the Midwest. The second waterway is the network of routes within the Great Lakes, extended water travel. The opening of the Erie Canal completed an all-water shipping route. Michigan Canal and The Illinois breached the continental divide. The Industrial Revolution became a conduit for iron ore. The Saint Lawrence Seaway opened the Midwest to the Atlantic Ocean. The commodities funneled down the Ohio River into the Erie Canal. The nation's largest interurban junction was in Indianapolis. Competition undermined other railroad passenger business and the interurban. The growth of the auto industry was reflected in businesses by changes. The Northwest Ordinance region comprising the heart of the Midwest, the first large region of the United States. The regional southern boundary was the Ohio River, the border of freedom. The first violent conflicts leading up to the Civil War. The heart of the conflict was the question of whether Kansas. The Act created the territories of Kansas was hoped the Act, relations. An ostensibly democratic idea stated that the inhabitants of each territory. Kansas was admitted as a free state to the Union, has elected a majority of Democrats since 1956 as governor. The U.S. Army had two garrisons in the First Cavalry Regiment in Kansas. The skirmishes endured until John W. Geary until a new governor. The Border Ruffians were applauded widely in the South. The civil conflict was a product of the political fight over slavery. The election of Abraham Lincoln was the final trigger by the Southern states for secession. The U.S. was supported by 20 mostly-Northern free states, was predominantly rural at the time of the Civil War, is ranked third with almost 58000000 tons in production volume of wheat. Quantrill's Raid was a rebel guerrilla attack by Quantrill's Raiders. A flourishing economy brought residents from immigrants and rural communities. Many other cities of the Midwest were at 30 least percent of the population. Many concentrations acquired distinctive names, heritage. Radical Germans trained in the old country in politics. Skilled workers dominated many crafts while entrepreneurs. Half of German immigrants settled in the other half in cities. The term West was applied in the early years of the country to the region. Farms spread along with the settlers from the colonies. Cooler regions was the often crop of choice overlap geographically with the Midwest, were strongholds of the short-lived Populist movement in the Plains states. The very dense soil of the Midwest plagued the first settlers. This problem was solved by an Illinois blacksmith in 1837. This development was facilitated by the Hatch Act and the Morrill Act. Former Vice President Henry A. Wallace declared that the Corn Belt in 1956. Iowa produces the largest corn crop of any state produced Illinois and 14.5 percent had a Democratic governor until Terry Branstad from 1999. Soybeans were cultivated not widely until the early 1930s in the United States. The U.S. Department of Agriculture defines eight official classes of wheat. The standardized system of North American time zones was adopted in Chicago by the general time convention of railway managers. The CME Group owns the New York Mercantile Exchange, the Dow Jones Indexes and the Commodities Exchange Inc.. The majority of Midwesterners are Protestant s from 48 percent with rates. Lutherans are prevalent in the Dakotas and Minnesota in the Upper Midwest. Southern Baptists compose about 15 percent of Missouri. The numerous state teachers colleges were upgraded after 1945 into state universities. Local boosters created numerous colleges in the mid-19th century. The African American migration brought along with rock and blues jazz to the Midwest. Roll music and Rock was identified first in 1951 as a new genre. Chuck Berry was among roll artists and the first successful rock. These artists achieved greatest success in 1970s and the 1960s. Other successful Midwestern rock artists emerged during this time. Professional sports leagues have team franchises in several Midwestern cities. Mid-Ohio road courses and The Road America opened in the 1950s. Differences split mainly on the Great Lakes region and one side between the Great Plains region. The Civil War have Missouri and a major Southern component, a slave state. Kentucky is considered rarely part of the Midwest is categorized by the Census Bureau as Southern. This accent is preferred by television broadcasters and many national radio. A November attributed the high number of telemarketing firms. The the 1890s middle class became influential with Wisconsin in the region. The LaFolletes Wisconsin fought for efficiency against the GOP bosses. Theodore Roosevelt's 1912 Progressive Party had the best showing in this region. Isolationist leaders included the La Follettes, Ohio's Robert A. Taft. A result of the 2016 elections control now the governors's office except Minnesota in all Midwestern states, hold a majority in the Iowa House of Representatives. Republicans control also every partisan state legislature except Illinois in the Midwest, hold currently have a majority in the Ohio House of Representatives. The state government of Illinois is divided currently in State Senate and the State House between Democratic super majorities and Republican Governor Bruce Rauner. Minnesota voters have voted not for president for a Republican candidate. This trend has contributed as a quintessential swing state to Ohio's reputation. South Dakota and North Dakota have elected often after states and the 2012 election Democrats to Congress. Nebraska has elected as Governor Democrats to the Senate. The Iowa caucuses are the first votes for both major parties in the presidential nominating process. These colonial groupings were the forerunners of the regional combinations. Fact called New England in colonial times, were used not until statistician and a journalist until James D.B. DeBow, presented an extensive array of socioeconomic information within five great regions. This compendium divided the United States into four regions. Summary tables reported data for Middle for New England. The results of the 1870 census did expand not upon DeBow's system. Henry Gannett suggested a new regional division scheme for the 1880 census. Housing census reports and The 1940 population revived these three areas. The 1950 census publications presented summaries in use for the nine same geographic divisions. The 1984 renaming of the North Central Region continued the same system of geographic units for the 1990. The maps presented are here a selection from Map Division holdings and the Geography, selected represent. This annotated list reveals the scope of the railroad map collection, the development of railroad mapping. The Railroad maps represent an important historical record, the growth of travel depict the development of cartographic style. The collection are progress report surveys, maps for official government surveys for individual lines. The collections are printed official government surveys. 2 Error ranges are shown at the 90-percent confidence level. Employment-population ratios are based on unrounded levels. Data reflect revised model re-estimation and population controls. Regional is a national community across the U.S. with six offices. The headquarters office is in the federal affairs office and Ky. in Lexington. This structure invites focused participation from members. The time Christopher Columbus arrived in North America. Midwestern America had experienced three main periods in 17th century. Corn was the primary crop of Mississippi farmers gathered a wide variety of seeds, berries and nuts. The Lakota called also the Teton Sioux, were located in Minnesota. Women were the matriarchs, domestic lives and the family. Corn and Domestic cattle were given in exchange to the Sioux. The local traders issue not any more credit to the local federal agent and the Dakota. The discovery of a Northwest Passage result for the founding nation in great wealth. The pair rowed south past the junction of the Mississippi River, guessed that the Mississippi River.
|Year||Midwestern United States|
|1400||The Mississippians suffered a tremendous population decline about 1400.|
|1492||The Mississippians ended effectively before 1492.|
|1534||The French period began by Jacques Cartier with the exploration of the Saint Lawrence River.|
|1763||French control ended in 1763.|
|1794||Marietta became the first settlement until the defeat of Indian tribes in Ohio.|
|1800||Yankee settlers started arriving before 1800 in Ohio.|
|1820||America occurred between 1820.|
|1837||This problem was solved by an Illinois blacksmith in 1837.|
|1850||One estimate suggests that by 1850.|
|1854||The first major clash occurred in 1854.|
|1903||The Milwaukee Mile hosted first motor race in 1903.|
|1909||The Indianapolis Motor Speedway opened in 1909.|
|1910||The 1950 census publications presented summaries in use for the nine same geographic divisions.|
|1940||These states have gone in every presidential election for the Republican candidate.|
|1945||The numerous state teachers colleges were upgraded after 1945 into state universities.|
|1950s||Mid-Ohio road courses and The Road America opened in the 1950s.|
|1951||Roll music and Rock was identified first in 1951 as a new genre.|
|1956||Former Vice President Henry A. Wallace declared that the Corn Belt in 1956.|
|1964||These states have gone in every presidential election for the Republican candidate.|
|1972||Minnesota voters have voted not for president for a Republican candidate.|
|1984||The Midwestern United States was named officially the North Central region until 1984 by the Census Bureau.|
|1990||The 1984 renaming of the North Central Region continued the same system of geographic units for the 1990.|
|1999||Iowa had a Democratic governor until Terry Branstad from 1999.|