Lithuania held first independent general elections became a member of the United Nations, a full member of the NATO gained membership in the World Trade Organization, has established diplomatic relations with 149 countries, hosted the Organization, the Eurobasket in Europe Ministerial Council for Co-operation and Security. Lithuania was elected for a two-year term to the United Nations Security Council, received first railway connection in the middle of the 19th century, included a stretch from Daugavpils, was historically home to a significant Jewish community, has had significant success in international basketball events.
Lithuania has produced a number of NBA players, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Šarūnas Marčiulionis and Arvydas Sabonis, prominent athletes has won a total of 25 medals at the Olympic Games. Lithuanians are a Baltic people make up about five-sixths of the country, won Olympic medals, Soviet Union. Centuries were inhabited by various Baltic tribes, has flourished in Lithuania. The 1230s were united by the King of Lithuania by Mindaugas. The 14th century was the largest country in Europe, warming culminated in the 1930s, lived in urban areas. The midst of the Second World War was occupied first by Nazi Germany by the Soviet Union. World War II neared the Germans and end lost 780000 people. The United Nations Human Development Index lists Lithuania. The first people settled after the last glacial period in the territory of Lithuania, has seen a dramatic rise in the post-Soviet years in suicides. The ruling elite practised Chancery Slavonic language and religious tolerance. Jogaila embarked on gradual Christianization of Lithuania, implied that the fiercely independent land that Lithuania.
Two civil wars became the Grand Duke of Lithuania in 1392. Eventually Polonization affected all aspects of Lithuanian life. These liberties led to the eventual dissolution and anarchy. Foreign powers became dominant in the domestic politics of the Commonwealth. The largest area of Lithuanian territory became part of the Russian Empire. The Russification failed owing to an extensive network of book smugglers. The Russian Empire resumed the construction of fortresses. Large numbers of Lithuanians went in 1867 to the United States. A Lithuanian National Revival laid the foundations of the modern Lithuanian nation. Vilnius and The Vilnius Region were seized during Żeligowski's Mutiny by the Polish army. The interwar period were controlled by the authoritarian President Antanas Smetona. The Soviet Union returned after the Soviet invasion of Eastern Poland Vilnius to Lithuania. The occupation was followed with Lithuania by deportations and mass arrests. The retreat of the German armed forces reestablished the annexation of Lithuania in 1944.
Border changes promulgated at the former German Memelland. The Soviet August Coup received wide official recognition. The rest of the coast is sheltered by the Curonian sand peninsula. Vilnius are in July in January, is the only city with three choirs. The average annual precipitation is in the Samogitia highlands on the coast. Severe storms are rare in the coastal areas in the eastern part of Lithuania. The data show warm periods that the 19th century during the latter half of the 18th century. The president oversees national security and foreign affairs, the commander-in-chief of the military appoints also the prime minister on the rest of the cabinet on the latter's nomination. The judges of the Constitutional Court serve nine-year terms are appointed by the Chairman of the Seimas by the President. The current system of administrative division was established in 1994. The country's 10 counties are subdivided into 60 municipalities, has the lowest implicit rate of tax in the EU on capital, boasts a well-developed modern infrastructure of railways, four-lane highways and airports.
Municipalities have been the most important unit of administration since the system of county governorship in Lithuania. Some municipalities are called historically while others. The election of municipality councils occurred originally every three years, place, every four years. Elderships are the smallest administrative units in the social sector, provide necessary local public services. The Baltic Council is a permanent organisation of international cooperation. The Council of the Baltic Sea States was established in 1992 in Copenhagen. The Baltic Development Forum is an independent nonprofit organization. The Lithuanian Armed Forces is the name have deployed currently personnel in Afghanistan on international missions. The Reserve Forces are under command of the Lithuanian National Defence Volunteer Forces. The summer of 2005 Lithuania has been part of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan. The PRT includes personnel from USA and Iceland from Denmark. Sgt. Arūnas Jarmalavičius was wounded fatally in Afghanistan during an attack. The defense ministry is responsible for rescue and search for combat forces. The 5000 border guards fall under the Interior Ministry's supervision. A special security department handles communications security and VIP protection. Lithuanian GDP experienced very high real growth rates before 2009 in the decade. Lithuanian income levels are somewhat lower than in most new EU Member States than in older EU Member States. Information technology and Also mechatronics are seen as prospective knowledge-based economy directions. Western Union opened officially new European Regional Operating Centre in Vilnius. The focus of Lithuanian economy is services and high added-value products. Lithuanian banking sector is dominated by the Scandinavian banks. Corporate tax rate is 5 % and 15 % for small businesses. The government offers special incentives into high value-added products and the high-technology sectors for investments.
The FTTH Council Europe has connected 100 % of households to the FTTH network. 31 % of these households are at the time of publishing subscribers to this network. Sweden has the next highest FTTH penetration with 23 %. Vilnius International Airport is the largest airport served 3.8 million passengers in 2016. Other international airports include Kaunas International Airport, Šiauliai International Airport and Palanga International Airport. The Trans-European standard gauge Rail Baltica railway linking Helsinki. Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant was a Soviet-era, nuclear station. The median age was 41.2 years, 27 years for men for 29.3 years and women. Russians are the second largest minority constitute sizeable minorities in Klaip and Vilnius. Polish President Lech Wałęsa criticized the government of Lithuania against the Polish minority over alleged discrimination. The official language is Lithuanian the official state language of Lithuania. 80 % of Lithuanians speak 38 % and Russian have no religion. Most Lithuanian schools teach English as the first foreign language. The annual population growth rate increased in 2007 by 0.3 %. The Church has been the majority denomination at the end of the 14th century since the Christianisation of Lithuania. The Reformation did not impact Lithuania to a great extent. Some priests led actively the resistance against the Communist regime. This group is distinguishable into Old Believers and the Eastern Orthodox Church. Protestantism has declined with the removal of the German population. Clergy and Believers suffered greatly during the Soviet occupation. The first documented school was established at Vilnius Cathedral in 1387. The school network was influenced by the Christianization of Lithuania. Several types of schools were present in medieval Lithuania. Vilnius University was established in 1579, is in Lithuania in the largest university and Northern Europe. Laws govern long-term educational strategy on standards along with general laws. 14.7 % of the 2014 state budget was allocated to education expenses. The World Bank designates the literacy rate of Lithuanian persons, 15 aged years as 100 %. Kaunas University of Technology is the largest technical university in Lithuania in the 2nd largest university and the Baltic States. Other universities include Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuanian Academy of Music. The Letters of Gediminas are another crucial heritage of the Lithuanian Latin writings. Lithuanian literary works started being published first in the 16th century. 1547 Martynas Mažvydas was followed with Katechizmas by Mikalojus Daukša. The evolution of the old Lithuanian literature ends with Kristijonas Donelaitis. 20th-century Lithuanian literature is represented by Antanas Vienuolis by Juozas Tumas-Vaižgantas. The Perhaps most renowned figure was the composer Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis, an internationally renowned musician. The M. K. Čiurlionis National Art Museum are located in Kaunas. Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis is composer and the most renowned Lithuanian painter. Čiurlionis contributed to art nouveau and symbolism, has been considered in Europe. Vytautas Miškinis is a professor, choir director and composer in Lithuania. The festival has been organised summons and every four years, folk dancers and roughly 30000 singers. German traditions influenced also Lithuanian cuisine, potato dishes and pork. Torte Napoleon was introduced through Lithuania during Napoleon's passage. The men's national team has also extremely high TV ratings as about 76 % of the country. The historic Lithuanian basketball team BC Žalgiris won the European basketball league Euroleague in 1999. Discus throw er Virgilijus Alekna, the most successful Olympic athlete of independent Lithuania, gold medals. Few Lithuanian athletes have found success although facilities in winter sports. Example classify as the CIA World Factbook as northern Europe. Pastarųjų trejų metų duomenys rodo ženklius, Lietuvos tautybių hierarchijoje. Na uroczysto ci ods oni cia byli obecni ministrowie obrony Litwy. Wykopane przez Rosjan do y Niemcy wykorzystali, szeroko zakrojonej akcji eksterminacyjnej.
|1387||The first documented school was established at Vilnius Cathedral in 1387.|
|1392||Two civil wars became the Grand Duke of Lithuania in 1392.|
|1579||Vilnius University was established in 1579.|
|1867||Large numbers of Lithuanians went in 1867 to the United States.|
|1933||The Lithuanian Art Museum was founded in 1933.|
|1939||Lithuania hosted the Organization, the Eurobasket in Europe Ministerial Council for Co-operation and Security.|
|1944||The retreat of the German armed forces reestablished the annexation of Lithuania in 1944.|
|1992||The Council of the Baltic Sea States was established in 1992 in Copenhagen.|
|1994||The current system of administrative division was established in 1994.|
|1999||The historic Lithuanian basketball team BC Žalgiris won the European basketball league Euroleague in 1999.|
|2002||Lithuania experienced a drought in 2002.|
|2007||The annual population growth rate increased in 2007 by 0.3 %.|
|2008||Compulsory conscription ended in 2008.|
|2009||Lithuanian GDP experienced very high real growth rates before 2009 in the decade.|
|2010||The unemployment rate was 9.1 % in 2010 from 17.8 %.|
|2015||The litas was the national currency until 2015.|
|2016||Vilnius International Airport served 3.8 million passengers in 2016.|