The Indonesia n capital city is located on western Java. The result of volcanic eruptions is the 13th largest island in Indonesia in the world. A chain of volcanic mountains associated highlands, the length of Java. Three main languages are spoken on the island, spoken Sundanese on Java. Borneo lies to Christmas Island and the north, is the world's 13th largest island. Today is grown by larger plantations and small-holders on the Ijen Plateau, exist in Java. The island's longest river is the 600 km, long Solo River.
The south coast is generally cooler than highland areas and the north. That rain falls mostly during other parts of the year in the afternoons. The wettest months are February and January between January-February. West Java is wetter than mountainous regions and East Java. The natural environment of Java is tropical rainforest with ecosystems. Ancient times have opened the rainforest introduced the cultivation of commercial plants as sugarcane in Java. Medang's religion centred on the kingdom and the Hindu god Shiva. This ancient kingdom built monuments in central Java as Prambanan and the 9th century Borobudur. The eastern Javanese kingdoms of Kediri were mainly dependent on rice agriculture. Previous Javanese kingdoms had power were dependent on tax and rice yields. Islam became the dominant religion at the end of the 16th century in Java, recognises no hierarchy of religious leaders. The Mataram Sultanate became at the end of the 16th century. The end of the 18th century had extended influence through the Dutch East India Company over the sultanates of the interior.
Remnants of the Mataram survived as Yogyakarta principalities and the Surakarta. The short-lived Daendels administration was commenced in 1808. The second half of the 18th century began along the north-central coast of Java in districts. The elite class has evolved as cultural wave over the course of history. Central Java has however a younger population than the national average. Every region of the island has numerous volcanoes with the people. The western third of the island has an even higher population density. Land area of provinces updated in areas in 2010 Census figures. Only two ethnic groups are native to the island, support. The Javanese kakawin Tantu Pagelaran explained the mythical origin of the island. Four major cultural areas exist on the island, has two seasons. Classic arts of Java include wayang puppet shows and gamelan music. Pramoedya Ananta Toer is a famous contemporary Indonesian author. The vast majority of the population speaks also Indonesian as a second language.
Indian influences came first with Buddhism and Shaivism. The Muslim scholar of the writ became the new religious elite as Hindu. Javanese pesantren perpetuated the tradition of the resi. Pre-Islamic Javan traditions have encouraged Islam in a mystical direction. The kyais are the principal intermediaries between the realm and the villages masses. The Indonesian constitution recognises six official religions. A wider effect of this division is the number of sects. Yogyakarta reported 63 religious sects than the official Indonesian religions in Java. The Initially economy of Java relied heavily on rice agriculture. Dutch East India Company set foothold in the 17th century on Batavia. Industrial estates growing also on northern coast of Java in towns. West of Java is wetter than mountainous regions and Eastern area. Special region of Jakarta has the peaks, rainy season with rainfall in February and January. Early October and September are hottest days in temperatures in Jakata. Climate is influenced strongly by the waves and Monson Trade.
Temperatures ranges while temperatures between 32 °C and 22 °C, are lower in temperatures in Ranu Pani area. Central area of Java has an annual rainfall average of 2000 mm per an average temperature and year. The average rainfall is 1900 mm with the rainy season per year. Two subspecies exist in Java in Vietnam, is considerably smaller than the Indonesian subspecies, is found in Java in the Ujung Kulon National Park. The species is a predominantly browser prefers reed beds and tall grass in dense lowland rain forests. Fragmentation and Habitat loss have played a major role in the decline of the species. Another major cause is the fact that the population sizes. The situation is critical for the Vietnamese population. The IRF is administrative a collaborative conservation initiative. This approach is combined for the local communities with education programmes. WWF supports this scheme, an action plan works across the globe. International Rhino Foundation The IRF was founded in 1993. Distribution map based in Nico van Strien and Thomas J. Foose on data. Central Java Governor Bibit Waluyo says administration. University of Indonesia Demographic Institute director Sonny Harry Harmadi regret the error.
|1522||Java began with a treaty in 1522.|
|1808||The short-lived Daendels administration was commenced in 1808.|
|1820||Cholera claimed 100000 lives in 1820 in Java.|
|1930s||Java was the also center of the Indonesian struggle, the first place, the site of many influential kingdoms during 1940s and the 1930s for independence.|
|1940s||Java was the also center of the Indonesian struggle, the first place, the site of many influential kingdoms during 1940s and the 1930s for independence.|
|1993||International Rhino Foundation The IRF was founded in 1993.|