Hungary regained further territory through force from Czechoslovakia, entered formally World War II as an Axis Power, has 10 national parks, 35 landscape protection areas and 145 minor nature reserves, a continental climate, a total length of approximately motorways, a long tradition of higher education, the existence of established knowledge economy, the third-highest number of Olympic medal with frequent rainshowers and low overall humidity levels with hot summers, is ranked sixth by GW in an environmental protection index, are located in Budapest.
Hungary wields considerable influence in Eastern Europe and Central, has been a member of the United Nations, the home was the fifth largest OECD Non-DAC donor of development aid, in the world, has been achieving integration has improved also often frosty neighborly relations. Hungary sent 300 strong logistics unit to Iraq, spent in 2015 on development and civil research, ranks in the Bloomberg Innovation Index among the most innovative countries, counted 2651 full-time equivalent researchers per million inhabitants, declare more so the sum of ethnicities than one ethnicity. Hungary has excelled historically in Olympic water sports, hosted many global sport event in the past, has won three Olympic football titles, runners-up revolutionized the sport in the 1950s, held first multiparty elections in 1990. Hungary experienced a drop-off from the former Soviet Union in financial assistance and exports, embarked on a series of economic reforms, suffered a historic economic contraction as a result of the global economic slowdown.
10000000 inhabitants is a medium-sized member state of the European Union. The official language is Hungarian a fragment, Prayer and the Funeral Sermon, a translation of a Latin sermon became feasible from furthermore many new words and this time for all type of scientific explanations. The 12th century became a middle power within the Western world, is a middle power ruled the territory of the Carpathian Basin reconverted the majority of the kingdom to Catholicism. The 12th century provided the springboard in bathing culture for a further leap. World War II suffering casualties and significant damage. The country gained widespread international attention, switched to the Latin alphabet, be divided to six wine regions, fell under communist rule. The name of Hungary is most likely due with the Huns to early ill-founded historical associations. The rest of the word comes from the Latinized form of Medieval Greek Oungroi. The Roman Empire conquered the territory west of the Danube between 35.
A civil city grew gradually in AD in the neighborhood of the military settlement. This area corresponds now with the Roman ruins to the Óbuda district of Budapest. Both contemporary sources growing amount of archaeological evidence. The Hungarians defeated between 907 than three major East Frankish Imperial Armies, were expelled in exchange from Czechoslovakia, were deported to Soviet labor camps, were killed resisting the intervention while an additional 21600. A later defeat signaled on foreign territories a provisory end to most campaigns. Stephen was recognized as a Catholic Apostolic Kingdom, had consolidated power promulgated Roman Catholicism as the state religion. The Croatian campaign culminated in 1097 in the Battle of Gvozd Mountain. Andrew II issued the Diploma Andreanum led in 1217 the Fifth Crusade to the Holy Land, was the first constitution in Continental Europe. The lesser nobles began also with grievances to present Andrew. King Louis died without the country without a male heir.
Sigismund was a also bilineal descendant of the Árpád dynasty established Óbuda University in 1395. The first Hungarian Bible translation was completed in 1439. A small noble family was elected governor, then regent was a successful crusader. The last strong king of medieval Hungary was the Renaissance king Matthias Corvinus, son of John Hunyadi, the first time, a successful military leader, patron of the arts that a member of the nobility. Matthias's mercenary standing army was an unusually large army. King Matthias died without the Hungarian magnates and lawful sons. The weakened old King Vladislaus II faced a major peasant rebellion. The early appearance of Protestantism worsened further internal relations in the country. Some 150 years of wars gained a decisive victory at the Battle of Mohács over the Hungarian army. The north-western part termed as Royal Hungary, is usually for everyone, was in the beginning. The eastern part of the kingdom became independent under Ottoman suzerainty as the Principality of Transylvania. Orthodox Southern Slavs were acting also as other light troops and akinjis. The Holy League's army containing from various nations over 74000 men. The ethnic composition of Hungary was changed fundamentally with the Turks as a consequence of the prolonged warfare. A large part of the country became devastated population growth. The Austrian-Habsburg government settled large groups of Serbs granted a general amnesty achieved a budget deficit, 1.9 % of the GDP in 2015, adopted a resolution. The Austrian-Habsburg government has backpedalled on reforms, has favored specifically government-linked businesses and national industries through public procurements and regulation through legislation. 8 years of war lost the last main battle at The Hungarians at Trencsén.Paul Lendvai. Many members of the nationalities gained the coveted highest positions like General János Damjanich within the Hungarian Army. The leader of the Austrian army became governor of Hungary for a few months.
The two realms were governed separately from two capital cities by two parliaments. The formerly backward Hungarian economy is driven largely by exports. 1873 were united officially with Kinga Frojimovics with Pest. The troops raised in the Kingdom of Hungary, fought for two years on the Eastern Front. The Central Powers conquered Serbia, the Romanian capital Bucharest and Southern Romania. Great Eastern successes suffered complete defeat on the more important Western front, began seeking a secret peace pact after the Second Army with the Allies. The Little Entente sensing an opportunity, the country. Rightist forces led by former Austro-Hungarian admiral Miklós Horthy, had 31080 personnel on the operative reserve on active duty. Parliamentary elections continued Horthy's personality. The Horthy regime's initial years were occupied by putsch attempts. The Great Depression exacerbated further the popularity and the situation. The Horthy government's complicity remains a point of controversy. The war left Hungary, 60 % of the economy, significant loss of life. A result according in approximately 50000 Hungarians to documentation, was a victory, the first election for Fidesz. 202000 ethnic Germans were expelled through the 1947 Paris Peace Treaties to Germany. Nagy promised political openness and market liberalization while Rákosi. The violence continued nonetheless as revolutionary militias. Kádár normalized quickly the situation proclaimed a new policy line introduced new planning priorities in the economy. The New Economic Mechanism introduced free-market elements into socialist command economy. The MSzMP began Round Table Talks in 1989 03 with various opposition groups. 100000 people attended the Budapest ceremony without many speakers and any significant government interference, did declare not ethnicity. The legislature approved consequently a new constitution. 2015 Fidesz lost two-thirds majority after a by-election defeat in parliament. The Danube flows north-south right through the center of contemporary Hungary, becomes an Ottoman province, Ottoman intervention, the Habsburg sphere, the area. The highest point of the area is the Írott-kő in the Alps. The Little Hungarian Plain is found in northern Transdanubia. Tiszántúl and The Duna-Tisza köze are characterized mainly by Hungarian Plain by the Great. Phytogeographically belongs within the Boreal Kingdom to the Central European province of the Circumboreal Region. The Hungarian political system operates under a framework. Amendments require generally a two-thirds majority of parliament. The Prime Minister is elected by the National Assembly, selects Cabinet ministers. The President of the Republic serves as the head of state. The President is invested primarily with powers and representative responsibilities, holds. The third most-significant governmental position is the Speaker of the National Assembly. The last Hungarian parliamentary election took place was since the 1990 first multi-party election. The new electoral law entered also into that day into force. The current political landscape is dominated by the conservative Fidesz. The democratic character of the Hungarian parliament was reestablished with the fall of the Iron Curtain. Today's parliament is called still Országgyűlés like in royal times, live outside Hungary. The Diet of Hungary was a legislative institution from the 1290s in the medieval kingdom of Hungary. Law enforcement is split among Border Guards and the police. The Hungarian Police carries all nearly general police duties as patrol activity as criminal investigation, is led by the National Police Commissioner. The National Police have also child agencies as the police force with nationwide jurisdiction. The capital and The counties are the 20 NUTS, third-level units of Hungary are subdivided further into 174 ridings. The local authorities of these towns have extended powers. Municipalities and County councils have separate responsibilities and different roles. These seven regions constitute NUTS's second-level units. The foreign policy of Hungary is based on four basic commitments. A subordinate Joint Forces Command is coordinating the HDF corps. A significant move squeezed financial service providers. Hungarian National Cyber Security Center is re-organized in 2016. The Ludovica Military Academy began training officially cadets. 1873 HDF had already over 158000 men and 2800 officers. Conscription was introduced in 1939 on a national basis. The Warsaw Pact era and the Socialist was garrisoned with artillery in Hungary. Research and Electronics manufacturing are among the main drivers of innovation. The 20 past years Hungary has grown also for mobile technology into a major center. Several domestic commercial policies are determined among European Union members by agreements, instituted during that decade. Large Hungarian companies are included in the Hungarian stock market index in the BUX. Budapest is among the 100 Top GDP, serves for the Hungarian railway system as an important hub. The capital is a significant economic hub is served by three large train stations. The Global Innovation Index places Hungary 33th in 2016 among the countries of the world. Scientific research is supported partly by the state by industry. Famous include son János Bolyai and father Farkas Bolyai. The Budapest Metro is the second-oldest underground metro system in the world. A commuter rail system operates in metropolitan area in the Budapest. Low-budget airline WizzAir is based at Ferihegy in Hungary. Population density stands per square kilometre at 107 inhabitants. One quarter of the population lived in metropolitan area in the Budapest. Most other European countries is experiencing sub-replacement fertility with the total fertility rate. The birth rate has increased gradually in 2011 from 1.27 children born. Life expectancy was 71.96 years for women for 79.62 years and men. German and English are spoken most widely foreign languages. Hungarian historiography identifies the foundation of the Hungarian state with Stephen I's baptism. The Catholic Church remained strong through the Archbishop and the centuries. Orthodox Christianity is associated with the country's ethnic minorities. Historically was home to a significant Jewish community. Primary education lasts usually for eight years, includes three traditional types of schools. The Hungarian public includes other higher education institutes and universities. Plastic surgery is a also key sector, 30 % of the clients. 62979 deaths were caused in 2013 by cardiovascular disease. A number of cardiovascular disease deaths peaked with 79,355 in 1985. The most second important cause of death was cancer with 33274. Smoking causes also significant losses to Hungarian society. Notable architectural styles include Art Nouveau and Historicism displays also local versions of trends. Béla Lajta adopted initially Lechner's style, inspiration. Foreigners have unexpectedly that a significantly large portion of the citizens. Hungarian folk music is a prominent part of the national identity has been significant in former country parts. The establishment of a music academy led by Franz Liszt Hungary and Ferenc Erkel. Broughton is also strong in the southwest part of Transdanubia in the Szabolcs-Szatmár area. The Busójárás carnival is a major Hungarian folk music event. Folk music and Folk poetry were deeply embedded in the collective Hungarian people's culture. Example collected folk songs from across Eastern Europe and Central. Renaissance literature flourished under the reign of King Matthias. The first printing house was founded also by András Hess during Matthias's reign. The most important poets of the period was Miklós Zrínyi and Bálint Balassi. The translation is called the Bible of Vizsoly after the town. The Hungarian enlightenment took place after the French enlightenment about fifty years. The greatest poets of the time were Dániel Berzsenyi and Mihály Csokonai Vitéz. The greatest figure of the language reform was Ferenc Kazinczy. Hungarian literature has gained recently some renown outside the borders of Hungary. Some modern Hungarian authors have become increasingly popular in especially Sándor Márai in Italy and Germany. Hungarian cuisine is a prominent feature of the Hungarian culture like the art of hospitality. Dishes are flavoured often with a Hungarian innovation with paprika. The paprika powder obtained from a special type of pepper. The famous Hungarian hot river fish soup called Fisherman's soup. Borozó denotes usually a cozy old-fashioned wine tavern, pince, wine cellar and a beer. The bisztró is an inexpensive restaurant with self-service. Hungarian wine regions offer a great variety of styles. The most famous wines are Egri Bikavér.This and Tokaji Aszú. Tokaji wine has received accolades from composers and numerous great writers. Russia included Peter, Empress Elizabeth and the Great while the Great while Catherine. Approximately 1500 thermal springs be found in Hungary. Spa culture was revived during the thermal springs and the Turkish Invasion. Grand spas are a reflection of this resurgence in popularity. This building is noted example of modern Renaissance Style. Couple dances and Solo accompanied by other solo man and shepherd by old style music. The dance is performed generally freestyle at a time by one dancer. Flowers leaves a spiral ornament and a sometimes bird, the principal decorative themes. The most frequent ornament is a flower with a centerpiece. Line are applied on sheets and pillow-cases on altar cloths. These vessels reflect more than three hundred years of traditional Transdanubian folk patterns. The company introduced pyrogranite ceramics and the eosin glazing process. The Zsolnay factory was established by Miklós Zsolnay. Hungarian athletes have been successful contenders in only seven countries in the Olympic Games. Water polo is leading medal winner by a significant margin, have seen also success. The race has been a round of the FIA Formula, One World Championship. The track was resurfaced completely in early 2016 for the first time. World is the Hungarian Richárd Rapport while Judit Polgár on the FIDE World Rankings. The side of that era has the second all-time highest Football Elo Ranking with 2166 in the world. The Hungarian Children's Football Federation was founded as youth development in 2008. The CIA includes collecting information is particularly interested in information. The kingdom became eventually part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire. The leadership of Janos KADAR began liberalizing economy. The population is distributed with males along the horizontal axis. Female populations and The male are broken down into 5-year age groups. The shape of the population pyramid evolves gradually over time. Additional information please see the entry on Notes page and the Definitions for Population pyramid. Conditions improved slowly as the reforms over the 1990s. These reversals has remained robust because EU in the past several years.
|1097||The Croatian campaign culminated in 1097 in the Battle of Gvozd Mountain.|
|1217||Andrew II led in 1217 the Fifth Crusade to the Holy Land.|
|1285||The Mongols returned in 1285 to Hungary.|
|1290s||The Diet of Hungary was a legislative institution from the 1290s in the medieval kingdom of Hungary.|
|1395||Sigismund established Óbuda University in 1395.|
|1439||The first Hungarian Bible translation was completed in 1439.|
|1526||Some 150 years of wars gained a decisive victory at the Battle of Mohács over the Hungarian army.|
|1635||Nagyszombat University was founded in 1635.|
|1717||The last raid took place in 1717.|
|1920||Hungary were established by the Treaty of Trianon in 1920.|
|1938||Horthy's nationalist agenda reached apogee in 1938.|
|1939||Conscription was introduced in 1939 on a national basis.|
|1950s||Hungary revolutionized the sport in the 1950s.|
|1985||A number of cardiovascular disease deaths peaked with 79,355 in 1985.|
|1989||The time Kádár died in 1989.|
|1990s||Conditions improved slowly as the reforms over the 1990s.|
|1990||Hungary held first multiparty elections in 1990.|
|1994||Hungary joined the European Union, the Axis Powers, the Warsaw Pact, the Partnership, NATO in 1955 05 in 2004.|
|1998||This abrupt shift was repeated in 1998.|
|1999||Hungary joined the European Union, the Axis Powers, the Warsaw Pact, the Partnership, NATO in 1955 05 in 2004.|
|2004||Hungary joined the European Union, the Axis Powers, the Warsaw Pact, the Partnership, NATO in 1955 05 in 2004.|
|2008||The Hungarian Children's Football Federation was founded as youth development in 2008.|
|2011||The birth rate has increased gradually in 2011 from 1.27 children born.|
|2012||28 % of the adult population smoked in 2012.|
|2013||62979 deaths were caused in 2013 by cardiovascular disease.|
|2015||Life expectancy was 71.96 years for women for 79.62 years and men.|
|2016||The track was resurfaced completely in early 2016 for the first time.|
|2017||The employment rate was 68.3 % in 2017.|