The Gothic period was the application varies in the sense. Artists brought a more natural humanity and realism to art. Renaissance authors believed by the Gothic tribes that the Sack of Rome. Raphael claimed that the Germanic forest dwellers that the pointed arches of northern architecture. This transition occurs first around 1200 in France and England. An accident of survival has given Sweden and Denmark, in the Biblia pauperum style. The finest examples are from the Danish island of Møn. Albertus Pictor is the arguably most well-known fresco artist from the period.
Examples of Swedish churches include Tensta, Anga churches and Gökhem. Gothic architecture increased greatly the amount of glass. The end of the period designs used increasingly large pieces of glass. Many such illuminated manuscripts were royal bibles although psalters. The use of spatial indicators denote also the French Gothic style of illumination. The middle of the 14th century cut as woodcut, reached Denmark from this time bricks. The end of the century printed books on religious subjects with illustrations. Early Netherlandish painting followed the same stylistic evolution grew large in the early 14th century. Bamberg Cathedral has the perhaps largest assemblage of 13th century sculpture. Another revival of classical style is seen in Gothic work of Claus Sluter in the International. Late Gothic sculpture continued with a fashion in the North, shows an evolution was tied closely to architecture. Tilman Riemenschneider continued the style into the 16th century. Types of ivories included small devotional polyptych s, single figures.
Such sculptures were the work of urban artisans, stone figures of saints assumed an increasingly prominent role. Paris was the main centre of ivory workshops begun in about 1140. Imagery was particularly popular among artisans of mirror-cases. The cheaper forms were given sometimes away free as with the 13000 badges. The Dunstable Swan Jewel modelled fully in enamelled gold in the round. Medieval masons solved this difficult problem with a number about 1120. The round arches of the barrel vault were replaced by pointed arches. A groin vault is formed by the perpendicular intersection of two barrel vaults. A rib vault is supported by a series of arched diagonal ribs. A crucial point was that the outward thrust of the ribbed ceiling vaults. The upper exterior of the nave crossed over the low side aisles of the nave. This first phase lasted in 1120 from the Gothic style's inception. Window tracery was evolved also gradually in the windows. The western end was much more impressive a wide facade.
Early English Gothic churches differed in several respects, had thicker heavier walls established also other stylistic features are preserved in Denmark. Early English Gothic churches have been decorated probably with wall paintings, are heated today are protected not by the responsibility and law. The second phase of Gothic architecture began with a subdivision of the style. France evolved into an even more decorative phase about 1280. England known as the Perpendicular style, was characterized by a predominance of vertical lines. The most feature of the Gothic style is the dominance in stone window tracery of a flamelike S-shaped curve. Other important examples of the style are the Tour, King and Gloucester Cathedral de Beurre of Rouen Cathedral. Such paintings featured usually figures and scenes from the New Testament, display an emphasis were completed also with details. Panel evolved gradually in Italy into the Renaissance style. The delicate Gothic Rayonnant style of the Île-de-France remained through the 14th century in favour.
These qualities are essentially Gothic in the Iberian Peninsula and spirit. The most frequent building materials were ashlars and granite boulders. West European indicate the often quality and international contacts. The white background and whitewash became an important artistic effect. The Romanesque wall paintings was the filling of the entire surface with colour, were covered during the 18 with limewash, growing nationalist revival, an interest. A Sometimes thin limewash was applied before the colours on the fresh plaster. The painter had used existing already plaster as ground. The palette of the painter differs from earlier periods. The religious change did lead not to the systematic iconoclasm. The number of uncoverings increased the reconstructions. The painting technique had little interest to any hardly effort and early restorers. Lime was used indeed often as a binding medium, is used with different aggregates in different compositions. Visual harmony was obtained not necessarily by a completely opaque overpaint. The second half of th 20 century moved rapidly to a more academic approach. Those circumstances bring often the conservator into a dilemma. Salt transport influences the degree of dirt deposits on surfaces. Another important issue is in many cases that the removal of overpaint. Wet cleaning is carried out with solutions of sodium bicarbonate with water. Powdered limestone and Quartz sand are used most frequently aggregates. Dry pigments is also watercolours and a traditional method. Plaster repairs are chosen often for Romanesque paintings as the aesthetic solution. All records are stored in the archives of the National Museum. The actual restoration projects are done usually by conservators. Changes of the interior climate are at this problem and the present time among the most serious problems. An additional difficulty is growing use of the church interior as concerts for other activities. Synthetic binders and Organic were added often during the 1960s to limewash.
The department of Conservation employs about 100 people. The storyline flows very smoothly with the slowdowns for the most part.
|1120||This first phase lasted in 1120 from the Gothic style's inception.|
|1140||Paris begun in about 1140.|
|1200||This transition occurs first around 1200 in France and England.|
|1220||This transition occurs first around 1200 in France and England.|
|1280||France evolved into an even more decorative phase about 1280.|
|1471||Albrecht Dürer born in 1471 in Nürnberg.|