The city has eight urban bus lines, eleven, public healthcare facilities throughout the neighborhoods of Juan, boasts five industrial parks are divided across several industries. Madrid fostered industrial development is the most industrialized city with numerous industries in the community of Madrid. The Middle Ages were located in the present-day area of Getafe. This new town was called Xatafi, a name is assumed that the name Xatafi, evolved over time. The second era lasted until the 20th century from the 14th century.
Various stone tools have been excavated from the banks of the Manzanares River. The Romans dominarse the Iberian Peninsula until the 5th century AD from the 2nd century BCE. The area was overrun subsequently by a series of Germanic tribes, encompassed currently by municipal district by the Getafe, is located the Avenue of Juan in the Southeast. King Alfonso VI conquered the villages of the area in 1085. The inhabitants of the villages moved to the royal road. The architect Alonso began building the Iglesia de La Magdalena de Nuestra Señora. The church was built in a 1610 new hermitage on the foundation of the old hermitage. King Charles III ordered the construction of a new road. Electric street lights were lit in Getafe for the first time. The Getafe Air Force Base was established permanently in 1911. King Alfonso XIII inaugurated on the Cerro the first monument to the Sacred Heart of Jesus. Construcciones Aeronáuticas S.A. built first factory in the area. That same year was flown from the air force base for the first time.
Industrialization prompted also a rapid boom in population. The first local democratic elections occurred after the ratification of the Constitution in 1979, occur every four years along with the autonomous election. The Sector III neighbourhood was constructed between 1979. The left half contains a heart, a repeated pattern of airplanes, the aeronautical tradition of the area, the nearby Air Force Base in the center of a Latin cross. The most popular political parties are the Peoples's Party. The Getafe city council is divided into a number of different focus groups. The most important trade unions are the Workers's Commissions. Both unions have branch offices in many local workers in list and Getafe. The municipal district is 78.74 km with a perimeter of 46.5 km. The easternmost part of the municipal district is located within a protected forest region within the Parque Regional del Sureste. The highest elevation is found on Buenavista on the extreme west. 9.5 km of the Manzanares River passes through the eastern-most parts of the municipal district.
The Filipinas and The Culebra waterway boast gully heavy water flow during the winter. Summers are very hot above 25 °C with median temperatures. Precipitations are distributed regularly throughout the year. The average annual temperature is 15 °C on record with the highest temperature. The average relative humidity is 71 %, average pressure, 1,015.8 millibars, average number of daylight hours. Underbrush and This native forest occupies only in the hills of the Marañosa. Most undeveloped land is devoted to the cultivation of cereals. Some areas have been reforested with stone, include the Cerro, Los Ángeles, Los Olivos parks and San Marcos. The urban portions of Getafe are organised in an almost longitudinal manner. The most important streets of the city are Calle Toledo and Calle Madrid. These two roads are pedestrian through the center of Getafe. The popular architectural style is characterised generally with tile roofs by two-story buildings. These types of houses be found in the Getafe Centro neighbourhood.
The average height of buildings is five floors, approximately 60 feet. This peculiarity is due to the proximity of the Getafe Air Force Base. Few buildings surpass eight stories in height, are located currently in buildings. The parks cover an area, the approximately size of Getafe Centro, the western part of the urban centre. This expansion of El Bercial quadruple the size of the neighbourhood. The Los Olivos is expanding eastward while at the Perales del Río neighbourhood while at the same time. The Área Tecnológica del Sur is being constructed along the M-50 in the southern parts of the municipal district. Another project involves creating a residential neighborhood calls for the Universidad Politécnica for the construction of a university. The Perales del Río neighborhood is also in the municipality, boasts the world's largest population. The 1960s prompted the creation of new neighbourhoods as Juan, had become the primary economic focus. Today is divided into five industrial parks and nine neighbourhoods, is mostly industrial on Getafe's five industrial parks with a large focus. The 1970s is experiencing currently significant growth. The Conservatorio Profesional is here the only public musical conservatory offers concerts of classical music. Parks of the city limits include El Rosón and El Culebro. These installations are in the central neighborhood of Las Margaritas. The student residence halls situated 500 meters in the same neighborhood from the university. The University Hospital of Getafe is adjacent to the A-42, opened in the 1990s. The Teatro Federico García Lorca was constructed during the 1990s. The Coliseum Alfonso Pérez is located in the Getafe Norte neighborhood. The Cercanías Madrid C-4 train line has passed underground through Getafe. Another purification plant cleans the waters of the Culebro waterway. Three public pools and Seven sports centers are located within various neighborhoods. Another two-lane road connects Getafe with two provincial roads and Leganés, marks the Northern limits of the Getafe Norte, the Southern limits of the Sector III neighborhood separates San Marcos and the Los Ángeles, industrial parks from the Cerro and industrial park from the Los Olivos, is a continuation of the M-406, central Getafe.
4 km of this highway is inside Getafe, run through Getafe through Getafe. Two Cercanías Madrid train lines pass along a North-South route through Getafe. The population of Getafe estimated in 2007 at 159300, increases every year has experienced strong growth during the second half of the 20th century. The Getafe Centro neighborhood has the most housing with 12574 units. Terms of housing are the neighborhoods of Perales del Río. The most populous neighborhoods are Getafe Norte and Sector III, La Alhóndiga, San Isidro and Getafe Centro. Immigrants come generally from western Europe and eastern Europe from Latin America. The constant annual growth rate falls between birth rate between 3.00 % and 0.01 %. The community of Madrid is the most 7th populous city before Torrejón after Alcorcón. An inhabitant of Getafe is called getafense and getafeño. The first factories were built at the beginning of the 20th century in the area. A number of quarries are located in the easterly areas of the municipality. The importance of agriculture has decreased significantly though eastern parts of the municipality in the past century. The major crop is wheat with vegetables and grape vines with smaller cultivations of olive trees. The hills are considered the geographic center of the Iberian Peninsula. This much-visited location be found in the center of the city. The grounds include a lush park and a small sports center. A prison was converted in the middle of the 20th century to a library. The building was constructed with rectangular floors in a simple style. Culture is represented as the Universidad Carlos III by various institutions. This university has orchestras and an award-winning chorus is the student housing complex. The Centro is located alongside the library of Sector III. The legacy of the poet José Hierro be found along with historical magazines within this center. The patron saint's day is 40 celebrated days after Easter Sunday. The feast day falls generally between early June and mid-May. The festivities end eight days after the opening address. A number of cultural activities occur as special Christmas concerts during the days of Christmas. Traditionally Carnivals include cavalcades of disguises. Public education includes six pre-schools, 14 secondary schools and 23 elementary schools. The climate have contributed to the development of this varied gastronomy. This complex contains an Auchan, many clothing and various restaurants. The newest mall called El Bercial contains an El Corte Inglés, two cafeteria-restaurants and a Hipercor. The soccer stadium is located in the neighborhood of Getafe Norte. The Apanid specializing with Down syndrome in the care of people. Lorenzo Silva lived during three separate periods in Getafe. Alejandro Amenábar interned de Los Padres Escolapios at the Colegio La Inmaculada.
|1085||King Alfonso VI conquered the villages of the area in 1085.|
|1737||The college of the Escuelas Pías was founded in 1737.|
|1911||The Getafe Air Force Base was established permanently in 1911.|
|1978||The first local democratic elections occurred after the ratification of the Constitution in 1979.|
|1979||The Sector III neighbourhood was constructed between 1979.|
|1990s||The Teatro Federico García Lorca was constructed during the 1990s.|
|2004||The bullring constructed in 2004.|
|2007||The population of Getafe estimated in 2007 at 159300.|
|2015||The last Spanish General elections celebrated in 2015.|