England taken as a unit, contains one indigenous national minority, the Cornish people include in the world, has had a considerable influence on the history of the cinema, have been produced in England. England has sporting strong heritage during the 19th century, has hosted four Cricket World Cup s, the 2019 edition, the tournament, the 3 final times competes in the Commonwealth Games, won the 2003 Rugby World Cup with Jonny Wilkinson, was in the 1991 Rugby World Cup. England has produced grand slam winners does have not national anthem goes far back in time, boasts great writers.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England. The 1922 Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom. The name is derived from the Old English name Englaland, is Albion. The name Albion referred originally to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the specifically 4th century BC De Mundo in the Aristotelian Corpus. Insula Albionum and The word Albion has two possible origins. Albion is applied now in a more poetic capacity to England. The earliest known evidence of human presence known now as England. The oldest proto-human bones discovered in England date. The Beaker culture arrived around 2,500 BC, was during this time. The development of iron smelting allowed the construction of better plough s, agriculture. The Iron Age deriving from La Tène culture s and the Hallstatt. Other regions had enjoyed long trading links with the Romans, experienced an increase in the number of deaths, showed higher annual growth decreased with Extra-Regio and the West Midlands.
Other regions be noted in this release that all 2015 industry data. The Romans invaded Britain during the reign of Emperor Claudius in 43 AD. The 3rd century died at Eboracum, saw a struggle between Mercia and Northumbria for hegemony, escalating attacks by the Danes, was back a time of significance among all classes in fashion. The Decline of the Roman Empire was left exposed in the withdrawal and Britain by the end of Roman rule. This period of Christianity was influenced by ancient Celtic culture. Roman military withdrawals left Britain was contained after the Britons's victory for some decades. Roman-dominated Christianity is practised most widely religion in England. The early 9th century Mercia was displaced by Wessex as the foremost kingdom. Æthelstan established definitively by Eadred after further conflicts. A fresh wave of Scandinavia n attacks ended in 1013 by Sweyn Forkbeard. The However native royal dynasty was restored with the Confessor with the accession of Edward. This conquest led to the almost total dispossession of the English elite.
The period saw changes in legislation and trade, defeated invading Spanish Armada. Catholic monasticism flourished the universities and philosophers. The Principality of Wales became a Plantagenet fief during the Lordship and the 13th century. The Tudor period reached England through Italian courtiers. Henry VIII broke with the Catholic Church from communion. The political structure of the island changed in 1603, styled King of Great Britain. The auspices of King James VI has been ranked not only as the greatest masterpiece of literature with Shakespeare's works. Leader of the Parliament forces declared Lord Protector in 1653. The 1666 Great Fire of London gutted the City of London. Some English people were Jacobites are a British people have arrived since the 1950s. London accepted in 1998, is the largest financial centre in Europe, has hosted the Summer Olympic Games, three times had the largest natural change of all regions than the North East and deaths with 78400 more births. London was.
Political agitation enabled universal suffrage and legislative reform. The end of the Phoney War became the wartime Prime Minister. Residential patterns were altered by private motoring in England. Part of the United Kingdom joined a common market initiative is parliamentary system and a constitutional monarchy. Devolution has stimulated a greater emphasis on patriotism and a more English-specific identity, was suspended in 2002 10. Today England is governed directly although other countries of the United Kingdom by the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The Conservative party headed by the prime minister Theresa May. The 2014 European Parliament election saw the regions of England, MEPs. Others have proposed limiting simply voting on legislation. The court system is headed by the Senior Courts of England. The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the highest court was created after constitutional changes in 2009. A decision of the Supreme Court is binding in the hierarchy on every other court. The prison population doubled over the same period, reporting to the Ministry of Justice. The highest tier of local government were the nine regions of England. The regional level is divided into 48 ceremonial counties. A geographical frame of reference have developed gradually since the Middle Ages. Greater London has a different system with 32 London boroughs for local government. The Severn is the longest river empties into the Bristol Channel. Geological terms includes among limestone and sandstone among others. The Pennine landscape is high moorland by fertile valleys of the region in upland areas. The granite Southwest Peninsula includes upland moorland as Exmoor and Dartmoor. Rainfall is spread fairly evenly throughout the year, is higher in parts and the west. The Greater London Urban Area is in England by the far largest urban area, is considered a global city, a population. The Bank of England founded by Scottish banker William Paterson in 1694. The bank has a monopoly in Wales and England on the issue of banknotes.
The government has devolved responsibility to the bank's Monetary Policy Committee. The export part of the economy is dominated by cars by pharmaceuticals. BAE Systems makes large sections of the Typhoon Eurofighter is a also principal subcontractor on the F35 Joint Strike Fighter, manufactures also the Hawk, the world's most successful jet training aircraft. Rolls-Royce PLC is the world's second-largest aero-engine manufacturer. A workforce has the largest concentration of Rolls-Royce employees in the UK. Rolls-Royce produces also low-emission power systems for ships. Some experts claim that the earliest concept of a metric system. The birthplace of the Industrial Revolution was home to many significant inventors. Famous English engineers include Isambard Kingdom Brunel. Thomas Newcomen's steam engine helped spawn the Industrial Revolution. The Father of Railways built the first public inter-city railway line in Manchester Railway and the Liverpool in the world. Newton developed the ideas of universal gravitation, calculus and Newtonian mechanics. The Department is the government body, the government department, the government department for higher education for issues. The longest motorway is the M6 through the North West from Rugby. The red double-decker bus es have become a symbol of England. The Thames is the major waterway with exports and imports in England. The National Health Service is the publicly funded healthcare system in England. The NHS was based on the findings of the Beveridge Report, is funded largely from general taxation. The average life expectancy of people is 77.5 years for females for 81.7 years and males. 53 million inhabitants is by the far most populous country of the United Kingdom. The proportion of ethnically European residents totals at 87.50 %. 2.90 % of the population are black from especially former British colonies from the Caribbean and Africa. 22 % of primary school children were in 2011 from ethnic minority families. The ONS has projected that the population, produces also population estimates as parliamentary constituencies for other geographies. The English Renaissance were coined from Greek origins and Latin. Modern English has extended this custom of flexibility. Teaching and English language learning is an important economic activity, language schooling, publishing and tourism spending. English has two other indigenous language s, Welsh and Cornish played a significant role in romanticism, are keen sailors, competitive sailing. Cornish died out in the 18th century as a community language, is spoken in Cornwall by 0.1 % of people. The 2011 census specified religion as 24.7 % as Christian. This Celtic Church was joined gradually to the Catholic hierarchy. The established church of England is the Church of England. The monarch of the United Kingdom is the Supreme Governor of the church forms part of the Anglican Communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury. Parish churches and Many cathedrals are historic buildings of significant architectural importance as York Minster as Westminster Abbey. The 2nd-largest Christian practice is the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church. A form of Protestantism known as Methodism, gained popularity in the mill town s of Lancashire. Jews have a history of a small minority since 1070 on the island, were expelled in 1290 from England. A small minority of the population practises. Neopaganism in the United Kingdom. Further education colleges form often part of a secondary school site. A-level examinations are sat by a large number of further education students. 7.2 % of English schoolchildren attend private schools. Higher education students attend normally university from 18 onwards from age. Many ancient standing stone monuments were erected during the prehistoric period. The Perhaps best-known example is Hadrian's Wall, the Roman Baths at Somerset at Bath. Early Medieval architecture's secular buildings were simple constructions, timber ranged from a synthesis of Hiberno, was completed with the 16th-century Tudor style, followed in a more refined style. The aftermath of the Renaissance echoing classical antiquity. The High Middle Ages tales originating from Brythonic traditions. Some folk figures are based on actual historical people and semi, used in this process. The chivalrous bandit is recurring character while Blackbeard. The Middle Ages enjoyed an excellent reputation though a decline. An early book of English recipes is the Forme of Cury from the royal court of Richard II. Traditional examples of English food include the Sunday roast, a roasted joint. Various meat pies are consumed such as ale pie and steak as kidney pie and steak. Blue Stilton are Cheddar, Wensleydale and Red Leicester with Blue Stilton. Many Anglo-Indian hybrid dishes have been created such as balti and chicken tikka masala. Traditional English dessert dishes include other fruit pies and apple pie. Later Gothic art was popular at examples at Canterbury and Winchester. The Tudor era saw prominent artists as portrait painting. The Stuarts were the especially influential Flemish, examples from the period. The Norwich School continued the landscape tradition while the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. The period of Old English literature provided the secular prose and the epic poem Beowulf. Middle English literature emerged with author of The Canterbury Tales with Geoffrey Chaucer. Thomas Hobbes and Francis Bacon wrote on materialism and empiricism. More radical elements were countered later by Edmund Burke. Empiricism continued while Bernard Williams through Bertrand Russell and John Stuart Mill. The traditional folk music of England has regional peculiarities and own distinct variations. Wynkyn de Worde printed ballads of Robin Hood from the 16th century. Good Company are Greensleeves, Pastime with Spanish Ladies and Maggie May with Good Company. Twinkle Twinkle Little Star are red Jill and Jack, London Bridge. Early English composers include William Byrd and Renaissance artists Thomas Tallis, Michael Nyman. German-born George Frideric Handel became a British subject. Large outdoor music festivals are popular as the Reading and V Festival as Glastonbury. The most prominent opera house is the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden. Hitchcock Lean are among the most critically acclaimed filmmakers. Major film studios include Pinewood, Shepperton and Elstree. The BFI Top includes Monty Python, Life of Brian, a film. English producers are also active in crew feature and directors in English actors and international co-productions. Other contemporary English directors include Sam Mendes, Steve McQueen and Guy Ritchie. Acclaimed opened The Imaginarium Studios in 2011 in London. The visual effects company Framestore has produced in modern film. Many successful Hollywood films have been based on events and stories on English people. English Heritage is a governmental body with environments and artefacts, is sponsored currently for Culture by the Department. The most senior art gallery is the National Gallery in Trafalgar Square. The Football Association is governing oldest body with the rules of football in the sport. The European Cup has been won by Manchester United by Liverpool. The England cricket team is Wales team and a composite England. The climax of the 2005 Ashes was viewed by 7.4 million. The domestic competition are by the far most successful club. Rugby union originated in Warwickshire in Rugby School. The top level of club participation is the English Premiership. Club sides play in the present-day embodiment of the Rugby Football League Championship in Super League. Rugby League is most popular in the northern English counties of Lancashire among towns. The biennial golf competition is named after English businessman Samuel Ryder. The Wimbledon Championships is the oldest tennis tournament in the world. Boxing has produced many world champions across the weight divisions. The National Hunt horse race is held annually in early April at Aintree Racecourse, is the most watched horse race in the UK. Red Rum is the also best-known racehorse in the country. Phil Taylor is regarded widely as the best darts player of all time. Trina Gulliver is the ten-time Women's World Professional Darts Champion. The St George's Cross has been the national flag of England since the 13th century, has formed, a Pan-British flag. The Originally flag was used by the maritime Republic of Genoa. The English monarch paid from 1190 onwards a tribute to the Doge of Genoa. A red cross was a symbol for many Crusaders, became associated along with cities and countries with Saint George. The Tudor rose was adopted as a symbol of peace as a national emblem of England, is a syncretic symbol is known also as the Rose of England. Oak Apple Day and The Royal Oak symbol commemorate the escape of King Charles II from the grasp of the parliamentarians. The Royal Arms of England featuring three lions is ed blazon as three lions as gules. The number of births has decreased on last year's figure. More information including the latest international migration figures is used the economy find out about users and uses. Males has decreased slightly from mid-2005 over the ten year period. Detailed explanation of this theme is available in visual.ons article and the National Life Tables release. The UK are visible in the pyramid, brings together annual population estimates for Northern Ireland and Scotland for Wales and England, publish also with the effect of inflation. The base of the pyramid reflect the decline since mid-2012 in the number of births. Wales had the lowest net international migration, the lowest GVA per head with 5900 more people. Balance received more people than any other region from other parts of the UK. More people of every age left London for other parts of the UK. The equivalent data used median house prices from ONS of mean house prices. The ONS Census Transformation Programme be publishing the next set. Benefits delivered from ongoing administrative data research. Population estimates are comparable in the UK between countries. Mid-year population estimates relate to the usually resident population, account for long-term international migrants. This approach is consistent for population estimates with the standard UN definition. These regional estimates of gross value added are measured using the income approach. GVA is be, shown was seen upon Tyne in Newcastle and Birmingham, estimates in Northern Ireland for Real Estate Activities. Total GVA estimates provide an indication of the economic activity produce also estimates. The statistical discrepancy and Extra-Regio excluded the UK per head figure. The lowest growth was at 1.4 % in Northern Ireland, grew in 2015 by 2.1 %. A similar pattern be seen for 2015 in the employment rates. Unemployment decreased strongly in 2015 in many UK regions. The economic downturn experienced in late 2008 in the UK, seen in any region. Each region saw a decline in rate of growth, has improved performance with both sub-regions across the time series. The rate of growth reached lowest point with a decrease of 2.2 % in 2010. The South East has increased also by 0.1 percentage points. The provisional industry estimates compiled using the income approach. The difference is shown in the statistical discrepancy, is caused in the resident population of the city by changes, see that Bristol and London. Wales and The North East have the least amount of variation with the differences. The five year period has shown the strongest growth per head in GVA and both total GVA. The GVA data based in this publication on the GVA data. The UK National Accounts have included in Blue Book for the first time. The tax is collected by the City and the 32 London boroughs on behalf of the Greater London Authority. A regional indicator has been compiled using estimates. Previous releases have been included in profits and mixed income. This release has been regionalised independently that taxes in the same way. The exception was Northern Ireland have been now able for Northern Ireland to source median house price data. Producing complete the suite of household accounts pave also the way for a regional savings ratio. Regional industry estimates in 2015 for the components of income. Very few statistical revisions arise in the popular sense of the word as a result of errors. All estimates are subject in this context to statistical error. The Overseas Territories are constitutionally not part of the United Kingdom have most OTs and separate constitutions, governments. This site assume no legal liability for completeness for the accuracy. Other Internet sites be construed not as an endorsement of the views.
|1013||A fresh wave of Scandinavia n attacks ended in 1013 by Sweyn Forkbeard.|
|1042||The However native royal dynasty was restored with the Confessor with the accession of Edward.|
|1070||Jews have a history of a small minority since 1070 on the island.|
|1290||Jews were expelled in 1290 from England.|
|1585||Spain was founded by explorer Walter Raleigh in 1585.|
|1603||The political structure of the island changed in 1603.|
|1653||Leader of the Parliament forces declared Lord Protector in 1653.|
|1694||The Bank of England founded by Scottish banker William Paterson in 1694.|
|1895||Rugby league was born in 1895 in Huddersfield.|
|1948||Residential patterns were altered by private motoring in England.|
|1981||Crime increased between 1981.|
|1998||London accepted in 1998.|
|2008||The economic downturn experienced in late 2008 in the UK.|
|2009||The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom was created after constitutional changes in 2009.|
|2010||The rate of growth reached lowest point with a decrease of 2.2 % in 2010.|
|2011||Acclaimed opened The Imaginarium Studios in 2011 in London.|
|2015||Regional industry estimates in 2015 for the components of income.|
|2016||Mid-2015 estimates be released later in 2016.|