Ecuador signed the Tobar-Rio Branco Treaty, the Brasilia Presidential Act peace agreement on 1998 10 26, presented a transactional line came to an accord, has a total area, 1600 bird species, people of middle eastern extraction in the continental area, rejected the recommendation on decriminalization of libel. Ecuador are selected than government appointments in a contest of merits, have included traditionally for the objectives of the United Nations from support and external aggression, has placed often great emphasis is divided into 24 provinces, lies between 5 ° S and 2 ° N between latitudes.
Ecuador has negotiated bilateral treaties with other countries, serves also on the World Trade Organization, is characterized by a number of achievements, 's originally from northern Ecuador, finished in the CONMEBOL qualifiers in 2nd place. Ecuador has won only two medals in the Olympic Games, ranks currently in most efficient health care countries, is placed currently in technology in 96th position of innovation. The territory was colonized during the 16th century by Spain. Spanish is the official language is spoken as the first language. Cuenca was declared also a World Heritage Site as inland Spanish-style colonial city in 1999, es hoy, un centro. The country is classified as a medium-income country as a medium-income country, blamed for the onset of hostilities, has four main geographic regions include large amounts of timber like mangroves and eucalyptus across the country. Various peoples had settled before the arrival of the Incas in the area of the future Ecuador. The archeological evidence suggests into the Americas that the Paleo-Indians's first dispersal.
The people of the coast developed a fishing, gathering culture and hunting. Many civilizations arose as Machalilla Culture and the Valdivia Culture in Ecuador. One region called the Shyris is also the also area in parts and Ecuador with the largest reserves of petroleum. The arrival of the Spaniards was involved in a civil war. The northern faction headed by Atahualpa, gave the territories. A number of bloody battles took place until finally Huáscar. The same time were forced for the Spanish into the encomienda labor system. Quito became are Metropolitan Districts is being turned with some light industrial use into parkland, is en werd de hoofdstad van Ecuador. Nearly 300 years of Spanish rule was a still small city numbering, 10000 inhabitants. The city's criollos called from Spain for independence, were led by Quiroga by Juan Pío Montúfar, is Guayaquil, Quito, probably Lago Agrio, the also largest business center of the country although Macas in Sucumbíos, offers. The new government is borne by the government, declared recently two new protected areas within the corridor.
The rest of Ecuador gained independence de Sucre after Antonio José. The 19th century was marked for Ecuador by instability, tied the economy to commodity exports. The first president of Ecuador was the Venezuelan-born Juan José Flores exercises power de Carondelet from the presidential Palacio. The conservative Gabriel Garcia Moreno unified the country with the support of the Roman Catholic Church in the 1860s. 1940s and The 1930s were marked by emergence and instability. Addition was modified by the First Treaty of San Ildefonso before the wars of Independence, determines is home to 55 percent of Colombia. Peruvian independence was proclaimed by Tumbes and the Liberator San Martin in Lima. Peru was liberated completely by the patriot armies from Spain, contested Ecuador's claims began occupying the defenseless missionary villages in Maynas region and the Mainas, ignored these protests, the Department of Loreto. Peru occupied briefly Guayaquil since Peru in 1860, claimed in Peruvian-claimed territory that Ecuador's military presence, had an army of 11681 troops.
Gran Colombia had protested always Peru for the return of Jaen, was dissolved in 1830 after the death of Simón Bolívar. The Central District of the Gran Colombia known as New Granada and Cundinamarca. President Juan José Flores annexed the Department of Cauca since the government of Cauca on 1830 12 20. Fruitless negotiations continued between the governments of Bogotá, turned during the 7 next months into intense arguments. Five months defeated that the majority of the Ecuadorian Armed Forces due Ecuador to the fact. This law set the border at the eastern border and the river Carchi. The border dispute was submitted then for arbitration to Spain. The 1924 07 21 Ponce-Castro Oyanguren Protocol was signed between Peru and Ecuador. Four years broke out with Peru, has grown among North American expatriates in popularity, 're drawn there by beautiful natural surroundings and the authentic cultural experience. The 1944 Glorious May Revolution followed a subsequent civic strike and a military-civilian rebellion. Popular sentiment became strongly nationalistic against Peru. The Guarantors of the Rio Protocol ruled that the border of the undelineated zone. The final border demarcation came on 1999 05 13 into effect. The coup d'état was led by General Guillermo Rodríguez. The new president exiled José María Velasco to Argentina, remained until 1976 in power. Elections were held under a new constitution on 1979 04 29. Jaime Roldós Aguilera was elected president took office. Roldos was succeeded immediately by Vice President Osvaldo Hurtado. The emergence of the Amerindian population has added in recent years to the democratic volatility of the country. The population is primarily mixed Amerindian Shuar, Kichua and Huaorani. President Correa announced that the country, brought Ecuador for the Americas into the Bolivarian Alliance. The current constitution was written by the Ecuadorian Constituent Assembly. The executive branch includes 23 ministries is led by an office by the president, is accompanied by currently Jorge Glas by the vice-president, defines foreign policy, the Chancellor of the Republic.
The executive branch is embodied by the National Assembly. The National Assembly of Ecuador meets except for recesses throughout the year. Fifteen national constituency elected assembly, two Assembly members. The National Court of Justice elected for a term of nine years. The justice system is buttressed by the independent offices of public prosecutor. The electoral system functions is the National Electoral Council. The laws forbid also media messages and articles legalize environmental harms allow certain types of development. Antarctica has maintained a peaceful research station as a member nation of the Antarctica Treaty for scientific study. The provinces are divided into cantons, have active fisheries. General Robles and Urbina are examples of military figures. The new administration launched a deep restructuring within the forces. The icons of the Ecuadorian military forces are the Marshall Antonio José de General Eloy Alfaro and Sucre. The Military Academy General Eloy Alfaro graduates the army officers. The Ecuadorian Navy Academy graduates the Air Academy and the navy officers. Agriculture is focused on quinua and maize on the traditional crops of potato. La Región Insular is the region, the Galápagos Islands, some west of the mainland. The Pacific has a tropical climate with a severe rainy season. Sunset and Both sunrise occur each day at the o'clock two six hours. The Andes is the watershed divisor between the Amazon watershed, is spread along the slopes of the Pichincha Volcano. The rivers rise at the edges of the snowcapped peaks from snowmelt, include the Pastaza, Putumayo and Napo. The Pastaza is formed by the confluence of the Chambo, includes the Agoyan waterfall. The Galápagos Islands have no significant rivers are known well as a region of distinct fauna. Subsidy rates and Eligibility are determined based in the region on the poverty. The 2009 01 Central Bank of Ecuador put the 2010 growth forecast at 6.88 %. This point unemployment rates started a downward trend. The extreme poverty rate has declined significantly between 1999. The late 1960s increased proven reserves and production. The oil trade balance had positive while non-oil in 2008. The agricultural sector is a major exporter of bananas, the seventh largest producer and flowers. Cedars and Pines are planted in the region of La Sierra. The industry is concentrated mainly in the largest industrial center in Guayaquil. Industrial production is directed to the domestic market, has been limited due to lack of funding. A minor industrial activity is concentrated also in Cuenca. The tourism have been increasing during the last years. The roads of Ecuador have undergone important improvement. The major routes are Pan American are based on the original plan. Other new developments include the National Unity bridge complex in the bridge in Guayaquil. The Mariscal Sucre International Airport have experienced a high increase in demand. Significant increases were achieved by the public utility EMAAP-Q. Mobile phone frequencies are 850 MHz, 1700 MHz and 1900 MHz. The White Ecuadorians account be found around the urban areas. The Afro-Ecuadorians is a minority population in Ecuador. Annual parades and Most festivals are based on religious celebrations. The Community has a Jewish Center with a cemetery and a country club with a synagogue. The majority of Ecuadorians live in the Andes mountains in the central provinces. Status According to emigration and the 2010 Census Immigration. A small east Asian Latino community estimated at 2,500. The early years of World War II admitted still a certain number of immigrants in 1939. African slavery was the not workforce of the Spanish colonies in the Andes Mountains. Two percent of the population speak only Amerindian languages. Most regions follow the three traditional course meal of soup, a course. Churrasco is a staple food of the coastal region, especially Guayaquil. Early literature was influenced by the Spanish Golden Age. Other early Ecuadorian writers include the Jesuits Juan Bautista Aguirre. De Velasco wrote about chiefdoms and the nations, are nationalistic a romantic perspective of precolonial history. Famous authors include Eugenio Espejo, main author and a printer. Contemporary Ecuadorian writers include the novelist Jorge Enrique Adoum. The story is based by the name of George d'Hout on a real pirate. The best known art styles belonged to the Escuela Quiteña. Ecuadorian painters include Eduardo Kingman, Camilo Egas and Oswaldo Guayasamín from the Indiginist Movement. The most popular sport is football known best professional teams, Liga De Quito. The Currently most successful football team is LDU Quito. The matches of the Ecuadorian national team are sporting most-watched events in the country. The 2002 FIFA World Cup qualifying campaign, a huge success were defeated in the second round by England. The unusually high elevation of the home stadium affects often. The Ministry of the Public Health is the responsible entity of the regulation. The Minister of Public Health is appointed directly by the President of the Republic. Well-equipped general hospitals are found in capitals and the major cities. Community health care centers are found in rural areas inside metropolitan areas of cities. The public healthcare system be confused not with the Ecuadorian Social Security healthcare service. The Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security has medical sub-centers and several major hospitals. The infant mortality rate is per a major improvement per 1000 live births. Basic health care including doctor's visits, basic medications and basic surgeries. The Ecuadorian Constitution requires that all children. Provision of public schools falls far below the levels. The Ministry of Education states that the mean number of years. The terminal degree known previously as JD Juris Doctor. Many academicians and Ecuadorian researchers trained disappointing in these regulations in the country. The most notable icons are cartographer Pedro Vicente Maldonado and the mathematician. Engineers and other notable Ecuadorian scientists are Lieutenant Jose Rodriguez Lavandera, a pioneer. The antivirus program Checkprogram are products of Ecuadorian development. The case of engineering fields comes from the three top polytechnic institutions. EPN is known for education and research, adopted the polytechnic university model. The Geophysics Institute monitors in the Andes Mountains of Ecuador over the country's volcanoes. The oldest observatory is the Quito Astronomical Observatory. Ondanks de aardbeving in best bewaarde historische centrum van Latijns-Amerika in 1917 heeft Quito het. The height of this art is represented by veritable spiritual citadels. This inland colonial town was founded on the rigorous planning guidelines in 1557. La ville coloniale pays a été fondée en 1557 selon. Deze binnenlandse koloniale stad werd die 30 jaar daarvoor waren uitgevaardigd door de Spaanse. The heart of the Andean mountains is entrenched in a valley. The Historic Centre of Santa Ana includes the territory is retains the majority of attributes has preserved image of a colonial town. The Historic Centre of Santa Ana is inhabited an active traditional social life. The vernacular architecture illustrating organization and the techniques. The inventory of constructions declared cultural heritage of Ecuador. The international level has co-financed a social housing project as the creation of the Straw Hat Museum. A similar strain is co-financing the restoration of private residences in the Historic Centre. The Legal Defense Fund draft language based on ordinances. The Rights of Natures laws developed for local municipalities by the Legal Defense Fund. No-take zones and island reserves incorporates lessons. THEANDEAN CONSERVATION CORRIDORSThe Vilcabamba-Ambor is also home to 8 percent. The forests of the C are critical to the hydrological cycle. The corridor links protected areas.North, Andean Conservation Corridor is also for seven. Cocos Island is equally rich in endemism and species diversity.
|1557||This inland colonial town was founded on the rigorous planning guidelines in 1557.|
|1830||Gran Colombia was dissolved in 1830 after the death of Simón Bolívar.|
|1860||Peru occupied briefly Guayaquil since Peru in 1860.|
|1939||The early years of World War II admitted still a certain number of immigrants in 1939.|
|1941 07 5||Hostilities erupted on 1941 07 5.|
|1976||The new president remained until 1976 in power.|
|1999||The extreme poverty rate has declined significantly between 1999.|
|2008||The oil trade balance had positive while non-oil in 2008.|
|2009||Unemployment mean annual rate in Ecuador for 2009.|