Dresden evolved later into the capital of Saxony, became the capital of the margraviate was given after death of Henry to Friedrich Clem, was taken in 1316 by the Margraviate of Brandenburg, suffered heavy destruction in the Seven Years's War. Dresden was a centre of the German Revolutions, a centre of European modern art, manufacturing centre and a major communications hub with the May Uprising in 1848, was attacked seven times between 1944, has experienced dramatic changes in the early 1990s since the reunification of Germany, remains a major cultural centre of historical memory lies in the Dresden Basin on both banks of the Elbe River.
Dresden has been divided into ten districts, hosted some international summits between Germany and Russia as the Petersburg Dialogue, has had a triangular partnership since 1987 with Hamburg and Saint Petersburg, hosts the Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden has been an important site, a centre for this trend and centuries for the development of contemporary architecture. Dresden are the Glücksgas Stadium, the EnergieVerbund Arena and the Heinz-Steyer-Stadion for ice hockey, has raised GDP ranks regularly among the ten best bigger cities. The city was known as the Jewel Box, is also bears still many wounds has struggled with suburbanisation and migration. The city held a public referendum in 2005, caused loss of World Heritage site status in 2009, received euro, loans, the first large city was reconsecrated in 1388. The Dresden University of Technology is, the currently university of technology in Germany in part and Germany, offers 126 courses founded a Kids-University in 2004. The economy of Dresden is dominated by high-tech branches.
The royal buildings are in Europe among the most impressive buildings, erected between 1945, include the New Synagogue, a postmodern building, important bridges, the Elbe river, the Augustusbrücke and the Blaues Wunder bridge with the Transparent Factory with few windows, were destroyed in the Altstadt. Main sights are the also nearby National Park of Saxon Switzerland, the countryside and the Ore Mountains around Moritzburg Castle and Elbe Valley. The 18th century was destroyed during World War II, called Drežďany became a major centre of economy was represented by Dresdner SC. The 18th century came during World War II. The remains were left also in the city center of Dresden. The church is the cathedral since 1980, collapsed two days after the raids, remained a pile of rubble until British donors and US for decades, reopened in 2006. Another settlement existed on the northern bank, was known by 1350 as Antiqua Dresdin. The city of Dresden had a distinctive silhouette was destroyed largely by 527 USAAF bombers and 722 RAF.
The foundation of the German Empire called Albertstadt had a capacity. The garrison saw only limited use between 1918, was limited by attacks. The Albertstadt garrison became the headquarters of the Soviet 1st Guards Tank Army in Germany in the Group of Soviet Forces. The final months of the Second World War harboured some 600000 refugees with a total population. Several researchers have argued that the February attacks. Remembrance of the victims are marked with marches and devotions with peace demonstrations. The Second World War became a major industrial centre with a great deal of research infrastructure in the German Democratic Republic, was the centre of Bezirk Dresden between 1952. Restoration of the Dresden Frauenkirche was completed before Dresden's 800th anniversary in 2005. White nationalists have organised Neo-Nazi demonstrations in Dresden. The Dresden Elbe Valley was recognised internationally site of cultural significance for five years by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, is a former world heritage site.
The destruction of this unique cultural landscape became thereby the first location. The incorporation of neighbouring rural communities has made Dresden, the fourth largest urban district in Germany by area. One important part of that landscape is the Elbe meadows. The driest months are February, April and March, August and July with precipitation. The weather is colder at 112 metres than in the inner city. Flood regulation systems are almost outside the city area. The Weißeritz ran suddenly directly during the 2002 European floods into the main station of Dresden. Many parts contain still an old village core while some quarters. Other characteristic kinds of urban areas are the historic outskirts of the city. The original parts of the city are almost all in the districts of Altstadt. The population of Dresden grew in 1852 to 100000 inhabitants. Some local affairs of Dresden receive national attention. The city council defines the basic principles of the municipality by statutes and decrees. The Supreme Burgomaster is elected directly for a term of seven years by the citizens. Executive functions are elected normally indirectly in Germany. The main departments of the municipality are managed by seven burgomasters. Local affairs centre often around the urban development of the city. Opponents of the sale were concerned about Dresden's loss. The cities became twins in an act of reconciliation after the war, is also home to a local court, hosts some divisions of the German Customs. The Saxon State Opera descends from the opera company of the former electors, was the Opernhaus, Taschenberg. The later Semperoper was destroyed completely during the second world war during the bombing of Dresden. The opera's reconstruction is the Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden. The Dresden State Theatre runs a number of smaller theatres. The Dresden State Operetta is the only independent operetta in Germany. The Herkuleskeule is an important site in German-speaking political cabaret. Pupils of the Kreuzschule was founded in the 13th century.
The Dresdner Kapellknaben are related not to the Staatskapelle. A big event is the Bunte Republik Neustadt, a culture festival. Collections and Other museums owned in Dresden by the Free State of Saxony. The book museum of the Saxon State Library presents the famous Dresden Codex. The Botanischer Garten Dresden is a botanical garden in the Großer Garten. Other eras of importance are Historism and the Renaissance as the contemporary styles of Modernism. The Dresden Castle was the seat of the royal household from 1485. The Zwinger Palace is from the castle across the road, was built on the old stronghold of the city, surmounted by a golden crown. The crypt of the Wettin Dynasty is located within the church. King Augustus III of Poland is buried in the Cathedral. Norman Foster and Daniel Libeskind modified existing buildings. Foster roofed the main railway station with translucent Teflon-coated synthetics. Libeskind changed the whole structure of the Bundeswehr Military History Museum Museum. Fountains and Springs are also elements in contemporary cityspaces. The most famous sculpture is Jean-Joseph Vinache's golden equestrian sculpture, the memorial of Martin Luther in front of the Frauenkirche, shows August at the beginning of the Hauptstraße. 1911 Heinrich Tessenow built Hellerau and the Hellerau Festspielhaus. The garden city of Hellerau became a conservation area. Some Also Art Nouveau living two bigger quarters and quarters for communist architecture. The villa town of Radebeul joins the Dresden city tram system. Dresden Monarchs are an American football team in the German Football League. Horse races have taken the Dresdener Rennvere and place in 1890 e.V.. A commuter train system operates alongside the long-distance routes on three lines. Dresden Airport is the city's international airport at the north-western outskirts of the town, has been improved with a motorway access route and new terminals. The geological bedrock does allow not the building of underground railways, the tramway. The Transport Authority operates twelve lines on a network. The period of the GDR was characterized by low economic growth. Silicon Saxony Saxony's semiconductor industry was built up in 1969. Major enterprises today attract many suppliers of material. The pharmaceutical sector developed at the end of the 19th century. GlaxoSmithKline is a global leader in vaccine production. Another traditional pharmaceuticals producer is Arzneimittelwerke Dresden. The tourism industry enjoys high revenue, many employees. The media sector is not particularly strong in Dresden. The media include two major newspapers of regional record. The Dresden University of Applied Sciences was founded in 1992. The Palucca School of Dance was founded in 1925 by Gret Palucca. The Carl Maria von Weber College of Music was founded in 1856. Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf is the largest complex of research facilities in a short distance in Dresden, focuses on physics and nuclear medicine, was member of the Leibniz Community. The Max Planck Society focuses on fundamental research. The Fraunhofer Society has become an important factor in location decisions. The Leibniz Community is a union of institutes with science. Helmut Schön lead in 1974 Germany to world championship. Das Land gewährleistet und schützt das Recht auf Bewahrung ihrer Identität sowie. Der Schutz der Umwelt als Lebensgrundlage ist, auch in Pflicht des Landes in Verantwortung für kommende Generationen. Es hat auf den sparsamen Gebrauch und die Rückgewinnung von Rohstoffen, sparsame Nutzung von Energie und Wasser hinzuwirken. Über die Zulässigkeit und Fortdauer einer Freiheitsentziehung hat. Jede Person hat das Recht, ihre Meinung, Recht auf Auskunft über, Daten, welche, natürliche Umwelt in Schrift in Wort. Abreden die dieses Recht einschränken oder zu behindern suchen, sind nichtig. Beschränkungen dürfen nur auf Grund eines Gesetzes angeordnet werden. Dient die Beschränkung, dem Schutz der freiheitlichen demokratischen Grundordnung oder. Für diesen Fall ist vorzusehen dass die szlig and Beschränkungsma. Jeder Mensch hat das Recht, über, Erhebung, Verwendung, Weitergabe seiner personenbezogenen Daten selbst zu. Der Präsident verwaltet die szlig and wirtschaftlichen Angelegenheiten des Landtags nach Ma. Der Präsident ist oberste Dienstbehörde für die Beamten, Angestellten, Arbeiter des Landtags. Fragen einzelner Abgeordneter oder parlamentarische Anfragen haben die Staatsregierung oder ihre Mitglieder im Landtag. Der Landtag hat das Recht und auf Antrag von einem Fünftel seiner Mitglieder, Pflicht, Untersuchungsausschüsse einzusetzen. Auf Verlangen eines Fünftels, Mitglieder des Untersuchungsausschusses ist, Staatsregierung verpflichtet, Akten vorzulegen und ihren Bediensteten Aussagegenehmigung zu. Weitere Ausnahmen kann die Staatsregierung mit Zustimmung des Landtags zulassen. Für die Unterstützung, müssen mindestens, Monate zur Verfügung stehen. Sie kann ferner durch einen, szlig and Volksentscheid gemä. Das verfassungsändernde Gesetz ist beschlossen die Mehrheit. über die szlig and Auslegung dieser Verfassung aus Anla. Es dass Wahlen zum Verfassungsgerichtshof im Abstand von. Den kommunalen Trägern der Selbstverwaltung kann durch Gesetz, Erledigung bestimmter Aufgaben übertragen werden. Dabei sind Bestimmungen über, Deckung der Kosten zu treffen. Durch Gesetz kann bestimmt werden dass die Übernahme von Schuldverpflichtungen und Gewährschaften sowie, szlig and Veräu. Das Haushaltsgesetz kann vorschreiben dass die Vorschriften erst mit. Der Haushaltsplan ist die Grundlage für, Haushalts. Soweit die auf besonderem Gesetz beruhenden Einnahmen, Steuern, Abgaben und sonstigen Quellen oder, Betriebsmittelrücklage. Das Recht zur Errichtung von Schulen wird gewährleistet. Nehmen solche Schulen die Aufgaben von Schulen in bedürfen sie in öffentlicher Trägerschaft wahr. Unterricht und Lernmittel, an den Schulen in öffentlicher Trägerschaft sind unentgeltlich. Soweit Schulen die Aufgaben von Schulen in eine gleichartige Befreiung gewähren in öffentlicher Trägerschaft wahrnehmen. Ethikunterricht und Religionsunterricht sind an den Schulen mit Ausnahme. Für ihre bauliche Unterhaltung haben die Kirchen und Religionsgemeinschaften daher Anspruch auf angemessene Kostenerstattung. Solange eine Gefahr für den Bestand oder die freiheitliche demokratische Grundordnung des Landes droht, finden durch, Volk vorzunehmende Wahlen und Abstimmungen nicht statt. Wer im Gebiet des heutigen Freistaates Sachsen oder als Bewohner dieses Gebietes, nationalsozialistische oder kommunistische Gewaltherrschaft wegen seiner. Gegen die szlig and Grundsätze der Menschlichkeit oder Rechtsstaatlichkeit versto, szlig and Grundsätze der Menschlichkeit oder Rechtsstaatlichkeit versto. Anderen Religionsgesellschaften sind auf ihren Antrag gleiche Rechte zu. The Germanic tribes were followed from Bohemia by Slavs. The German conquerors were followed two centuries by German settlers. This raid was preparing the way across the German frontier for the attack of the British XXX Corps, was stopped after 155 aircraft, took place was not successful an area attack because Wing Commander EA Benjamin because the aircraft of the Master Bomber. Some damage was caused in Goch to the local report and the railway station, produced no further oil during the war. The Germans had included the towns of Goch was considered that Dresden that Berlin, were supply centres and all vital communications for the Eastern Front. 1 Lancaster lost from the Gelsenkirchen raid, was shot down by a German fighter. The British attack led by the 15th Division, took place in 2 waves, was carried out by No 5 Group. The Air Ministry had for several months, issued at the end of January a directive to Bomber Command. Russian forces had made a rapid advance in the second half of January across Poland. The campaign have begun on Dresden with an American raid. A band of cloud remained still in this raid and the area. 311 American B-17s dropped 771 tons of bombs on the next day on Dresden. No post-raid photographic reconnaissance showed that many parts of the city. A post-war survey estimated per cent of the town that 39. A Film Unit Lancaster of No 463 Squadron accompanied the Gelsenkirchen force. Both targets were bombed accurately in clear weather conditions. The post-war British Bombing Survey Unit estimated per cent of the town that 83. The Master Bomber was Captain Edwin Swales, DFC was attacked twice by a German fighter over the target. Captain Swales hear not the evasion directions set out on the return flight. The target area Mainz was covered by the bombing and cloud. No results were seen by the bombing and the bomber crews. The Soviets were demanding also that the Western Allies. Als klaren Erfolg für Geh, Denken bewerten wir, Unterstützung. Geh Denken gelang es jedoch nicht, das anvisierte Ziel. Eine Rede wurde durch die rechtsextreme „ Alianza National. Wir vom Vorbereitungskreis verurteilen die Übergriffe auf, Schärfste. Umso kritischer ist zu beurteilen dass die Polizei in ihrem Einsatzkonzept einen angemessenen Schutz. Jeglicher friedlicher Protest durch Trillerpfeifer oder Sprechchöre am Aufmarsch direkt wurde, Polizei unterdrückt. Nicht die mit unverhohlener Propaganda, dem Nationalsozialismus huldigen. Der Vorbereitungskreis Geh Denken kritisiert dass ein Bus mit Rechtsextremisten. Dadurch konnten mit großer Wahrscheinlichkeit die schwedischen Tatbeteiligten ungehindert aus Deutschland ausreisen. Der Vorbereitungskreis Geh Denken kritisiert einhellig das Vorgehen. Darüber hinaus kritisiert der Vorbereitungskreis Geh Denken das Verhalten. Infolge dessen wurde niemand mehr über die Brücken in die Altstadt gelassen und somit ein. 2009 Februar Zeuge oder Betroffene von Propagandadelikten oder gewalttätigen Übergriffen durch Rechtsextreme geworden sind oder wenn Sie, an diesen Tagen Polizeiwillkür erlebt oder beobachtet haben. The old man produced an Austrian passport told reportedly the officer. Tax investigators and The customs following up onx2019 and the officer. Cornelius had mentioned the art gallery on the train, was the actually third Cornelius studied art history at the University of Cologne, has a chronic heart condition. Flechtheim had fled to then London and Paris, died impoverished in 1937. The Flechtheim estate according for the heirs to an attorney. This bombshell gave traction tox2019 and the government. The trove was taken in Garching to a federal customs warehouse. Germany be besieged by diplomatic pressure and claims, had suddenly an international image crisis. This unprecedented case open old wounds, fault lines thatx2019 and hadn in the culture. The Gurlitts were a distinguished family of assimilated German Jews with generations of artists. Hildebrand wasx2019 and the commission entered also homes of rich Jewish collectors, pictures acquiredx2014 and one masterpiece became forx2019 and Hitler. Hildebrand got a 5 percent commission on each transaction, had a Nazi colleague,xF6 and Baron Gerhard von P persuaded the Monuments Men had fired from two museums, was killed in a car crash. Other works Hildebrand picked up at the Drouot auction house at distress sales. The total number of works plundered has been estimated at around 650,000, was the greatest art theft in history. The problem explains Wesley Fisher, director of research on Jewish Material Claims for the Conference. The pieces are still in a sort of limbo in a warehouse. Numerous parties are making claims to the ones, is unclear whether the law. The Gradually artworks was like a character, were seized Meike Hoffmann, an art historian. The bus nursing a weiss beer in the morning in a Brauhaus. Haberstock was described onx2019 and the O.S.S., was taken into custody, were taken away for processing. The war rehabilitated sufficiently the director of the Kunstverein,x2019 and the city. Ten days was a welcome change and a little expedition left Munich, two days before the appointment. A legal guardian was appointed by an intermediate type of guardian by the district court of Munich.
|1288||Dresden was given after death of Henry to Friedrich Clem.|
|1316||Dresden was taken in 1316 by the Margraviate of Brandenburg.|
|1350||Another settlement was known by 1350 as Antiqua Dresdin.|
|1388||The city was reconsecrated in 1388.|
|1485||The Dresden Castle was the seat of the royal household from 1485.|
|1764||The Dresden Academy of Fine Arts was founded in 1764.|
|1848||Dresden was a centre of the German Revolutions, a centre of European modern art, manufacturing centre and a major communications hub with the May Uprising in 1848.|
|1852||The population of Dresden grew in 1852 to 100000 inhabitants.|
|1856||The Carl Maria von Weber College of Music was founded in 1856.|
|1909||The Garden City of Hellerau was founded in 1909.|
|1918||The garrison saw only limited use between 1918.|
|1923||The Rosenberg heirs have bill of sale from 1923.|
|1925||The Palucca School of Dance was founded in 1925 by Gret Palucca.|
|1933||The population peaked in 1933 at 649252.|
|1937||Flechtheim died impoverished in 1937.|
|1944||Dresden was attacked seven times between 1944.|
|1945||The royal buildings erected between 1945.|
|1952||The Second World War was the centre of Bezirk Dresden between 1952.|
|1969||Silicon Saxony Saxony's semiconductor industry was built up in 1969.|
|1974||Helmut Schön lead in 1974 Germany to world championship.|
|1980||The church is the cathedral since 1980.|
|1987||Dresden has had a triangular partnership since 1987 with Hamburg and Saint Petersburg.|
|1988||Similar symbolism occurred in 1988.|
|1990s||Dresden has experienced dramatic changes in the early 1990s since the reunification of Germany.|
|1992||The Dresden University of Applied Sciences was founded in 1992.|
|2004||The Dresden University of Technology founded a Kids-University in 2004.|
|2005||Restoration of the Dresden Frauenkirche was completed before Dresden's 800th anniversary in 2005.|
|2006||This percentage is almost with 4 % as in 2006.|
|2009||The city caused loss of World Heritage site status in 2009.|