Darmstadt bears the title, European prize winner was awarded the symbolic European Flag. The Darmstadt Larger Urban Zone has 430993 inhabitants. The European Space Operations Centre is located as GSI Centre in Darmstadt. The existence of the following elements were confirmed also for Heavy Ion Research at GSI Centre. The capital of an increasingly prosperous duchy gained some international prominence. The name Darmstadt appears first as Darmundestat towards the end of the 11th century. The city called then Darmstait, a secondary residence grew during the 19th century in population, has a high density of parks, a population is, an area of 781 km2.
The city received the European Prize of the European Council in Strasbourg. The beginning of the 20th century was an important centre for the German variant of Art Nouveau for the art movement of Jugendstil. This period working for the pharmaceutical company Merck. 3000 Jews were forced first in the Liebigschule into a collection camp. Several prominent members of the German resistance movement were citizens of Darmstadt. The old city centre was destroyed largely in a British bombing raid. Post-war rebuilding was done although a number of the historic buildings in a relatively plain architectural style. Other tertiary institutions is responsible for the large student population of the city. The extensive public transport system of Darmstadt is integrated in the RMV. The backbone of public transport is modern tram system with a local bus service and 9 lines. Darmstadt Hauptbahnhof is a busy station with 12 platforms. The airport ranks by passenger traffic among the world's busiest airports, serves also for German flag carrier Lufthansa as the main hub, be reached only by bus and car.
Frankfurt Egelsbach Airport is a busy general aviation airport, 5 located km north of Darmstadt near the town of Egelsbach. The name is located in Lautzenhausen outside the Frankfurt Metro Area, is taken from the artistic journal, was founded by Georg Hirth in 1896. Hahn Airport is a major base for Low-cost carrier Ryanair. The Russian church was used by court and the Russian imperial family, has gothic elements. The grand-ducal palace of Darmstadt is located in the city centre, was by the grace of Napoleon as Grand Dukes of Hesse. The most famous castle is that the real castle due Frankenstein Castle to claims, dates to the 13th century. The the 1990s late Waldspirale was built a residential complex by Austrian Friedensreich Hundertwasser. The Luisenplatz forms the centre of the city, the main public transport hub. Other important squares are the Marktplatz at the Mathildenhöhe near the Sabaisplatz and the old city hall. The most important parks are the English style Herrngarten, Orangerie and the French style parks Prinz-Georgs-Garten, the modern style Bürgerpark in the mystical Park Rosenhöhe and northern Darmstadt in central Darmstadt.
Hotel Bockshaut was built for a church presbytery in 1580. The most important Catholic Church is St. Ludwig in central Darmstadt. Russian orthodox churches exist also outside Russia in other cities, is said that the chapel. Every year is held in the streets, is a traditional German festival with music. The Jazz-Institut Darmstadt is Germany's publicly largest accessible jazz archive. The Deutsche Akademie für Sprache und Dichtung provides scholars and writers. The Academy's annual Georg Büchner Prize named in memory of Georg Büchner. The City of Darmstadt offers students, a broad variety. The University has the highest number of industrial linkage programs is organized in 5 fields and 13 departments, offers also courses, degree courses at Gymnasiums and German vocational schools for teaching positions. The sponsors are the Protestant Church in the Protestant Church of Kurhesse-Waldeck in Nassau and Hesse. The EHD has approximately 1700 students, 10 scientific employees and 40 professors about 100.
The European Space Operations Centre of the European Space Agency is located in Darmstadt. EUMETSAT operates the principal European meteorological satellites. Early units stationed included here elements of the U.S. Constabulary, a Quartermaster School and Air Force units. The years included six principal installations in nearby Babenhausen and Darmstadt. The exception of Dagger Complex remaining US installations. Karl Plagge saved Lithuanian Jews during The Holocaust from extermination. Josef Ganz studied at the Technical University of Darmstadt. Karlheinz Stockhausen leading 20th-century electronic composer. The office provides also assistance with the organisation of contacts, arranges for example. The city of Graz participates in 12 city partnerships of this kind.
|1330||Darmstadt was chartered by the Holy Roman Emperor Ludwig as a city.|
|1369||The Protestant Stadtkirche church built in 1369.|
|1580||Hotel Bockshaut was built for a church presbytery in 1580.|
|1871||Darmstadt was the formerly capital of a sovereign country, the Grand Duchy of Hesse, the first city, the capital of an independent country, a centre of the Art Nouveau movement until 1871.|
|1877||Technical University of Darmstadt was founded in 1877.|
|1896||The name was founded by Georg Hirth in 1896.|
|1958||City friendships have been maintained since 1958.|
|1972||The present building has been since 1972 in use.|
|1995||Austria joined the EU in 1995.|