Chicago hosted the World's Columbian Exposition at the present location of Jackson Park on former marshland, needed a general time convention was the location of the infamous St. Valentine, the base of commercial operations, the also site of the Schwinn Bicycle Company rests at the site of the Chicago Portage on a continental divide, were laid out in a street grid. Chicago was ranked the sixth-most walkable large city in the United States, emerged as America's second-largest urban black concentration, declined sharply from over 3600000 in the latter half of the 20th century, has rebounded adding nearly 25000 people in the most 2015 recent population estimates, was named the fourth-most important business center in the MasterCard Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index in the world.
Chicago placed 9th on the UBS list of the world, has been a hub of the Retail sector, the setting, the site for many popular television shows, ranks also third in number of conventions in the U.S., spawned modern improvisational theater, the prominent groups, I.O. and The Second City contains a number than 25 % of the state. Chicago attracted 50.17 million domestic leisure travelers, 1.308 million overseas visitors and 11.09 million domestic business travelers was chosen as one, lays claim to a large number of regional specialties, had more homicides in 2012 per 100000 residents, ranked in numbers of homicides in the United States. Chicago ended with the lowest number of murders with 415 murders, are determined on state achievement tests by the average test scores, is featured also in a few video games, is served by the world's second-busiest airport by O'Hare International Airport. The city has, many nicknames, Chi-Town and the Windy City, many upscale dining establishments, two Major League Baseball teams, two PBS member stations as many ethnic restaurant districts, grew significantly in population and size, established many large well-landscaped municipal parks lies two rivers and beside huge freshwater Lake Michigan within four distinct seasons within experiences and the humid continental climate zone.
The city is part of the USDA Plant Hardiness zone 6a, McCormick Place, the birthplace of house music, a very popular form of Electronic Dance Music, the United States's third-largest convention destination experience extreme winter, summer heat wave s and cold wave s claims two Dow, 30 company has been an epicenter, the base of several talk shows opened officially the Museum Campus, a lakefront park. The city is known now as the Arizona Cardinals, served for Chicago Hope and the medical dramas ER as the venue, teemed with wooden houses. The name is derived from a French rendering of the Native American word Shikaakwa. The mid-18th century was inhabited by a Native American tribe, became the nation's railroad center over 20 railroads by 1910, was part of the bicycle craze with the Western Wheel Company. The Ottawa had ceded in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis additional land to the United States. The City of Chicago is the world headquarters for the world's third-largest airline for United Airlines.
The site of the Chicago Portage became an important transportation hub. A flourishing economy brought residents from immigrants and rural communities. The 1850s gained national political prominence as the champion of the Kansas as the home of Senator Stephen Douglas, has been a world center of higher education. Lincoln was nominated for US President in Chicago, defeated Douglas in the general election. The problem of sewage contamination reversed the flow of the Chicago River so the water. This project began with improvement and the construction. 1885 using steel-skeleton construction rose as Chicago in the city. Migrants and Europe flourishing economy, huge numbers of new immigrants. Labor conflicts followed the rapid expansion and the industrial boom. These laws became templates in states and other cities for public health reform. The University of Chicago moved in 1892 to the same South Side location, has an extensive collection of ancient Egypt ian Near archaeological artifacts Near East ern.
The availability of jobs attracted African-Americans from the Southern United States. This Great Migration had an immense cultural impact, the Chicago Black Renaissance, part of the New Negro Movement. This organization produced the first American publication for Freedom and Friendship for homosexuals. Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak was wounded fatally in Florida in Miami. The theme of the fair was technological innovation since Chicago's founding over the century. The cab companies hired the cab drivers union and strike breakers. Physicist Enrico Fermi conducted the world's first controlled nuclear reaction as part of the top-secret Manhattan Project at the University of Chicago. Mayor Richard J. Daley was elected in the era of machine politics in 1955. Structural changes caused heavy job losses for lower skilled workers. Major construction projects including the Sears Tower, University of Illinois at O'Hare International Airport and McCormick Place at Chicago. The Cabrini-Green housing project led Chicago's school system. Washington's first term was re‑elected in 1987, was succeeded by 6th ward Alderman Eugene Sawyer. Richard M. Daley was elected in 1989, included improvements to parks. The area was shut down for some buildings and three days, includes Near South Side Near North Side. The lake provides also another positive effect, Chicago's climate. Lake Shore Drive runs adjacent to a large portion of Chicago. The Illinois Department of Tourism defines Chicagoland without the city of Chicago as Cook County. Major sections of the city include the central business district, the North and The Loop, West Sides and the South. The three sides of the city are represented by three horizontal white stripes on the Flag of Chicago. The North Side is the most densely populated residential section of the city. The South Side is the largest section of the city, roughly 60 % of the city contains the University of Chicago hosts. The late 1920s subdivided the city into 77 distinct community areas.
Streets following the Public Land Survey System section lines, arterial streets. Many additional diagonal streets were recommended in the Plan of Chicago. The City Beautiful movement inspired Chicago's boulevards. Many other architects have left impression as Daniel Burnham on the Chicago skyline. The Chicago suburb of Oak Park was home to famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright. A number of statues honor also recent local heroes as Bobby Hull and Stan Mikita as Michael Jordan. A normal summer exceed as many as 21 days, are given in Millennium Park and Grant Park. Winters are cold with the normal January and few sunny days. Thunderstorms are common during summer months and the spring. Other major cities experiences also urban heat island does provide a list of the largest cities throughout time. The end of the 19th century was the fifth-largest city in the world. The two last decades of the 19th century was from Southern from Ireland. The 2013 legalization of same-sex marriage have wed in a majority in Cook County. 71 % of Chicagoans identify as 7 % identity as Christians. The Fourth Presbyterian Church is in the United States. Many international religious leaders have visited Chicago, Mother Teresa, Pope John Paul II and the Dalai Lama. The CME Group owns the New York Mercantile Exchange, the Dow Jones Indexes and the Commodities Exchange Inc.. Caterpillar Inc. be moving global headquarters with about staff and 300 executives. Services companies and Several medical products are headquartered in the Chicago area. The 1840s became a major grain port in 1860s Chicago and the 1850s. The meatpacking industry plays currently a lesser role in Chicago in the city's economy. A combination of large business customers hiring large pool. The lakefront neighborhoods is concentrated from Rogers Park in the lakefront neighborhoods. These districts include the Mexican American neighborhoods along La Villita and 18th street as Pilsen. Lincoln Park contains the Lincoln Park Conservatory and the Lincoln Park Zoo. The River North Gallery District features the nation's largest concentration. The South Side neighborhood of Hyde Park is the home of former US President Barack Obama contains also the University of Chicago. The long Burnham Park stretches along the waterfront of the South Side. Ford Motor Company has an automobile assembly plant in Hegewisch on the South Side. The West Side holds the Garfield Park Conservatory, the University of Illinois at Chicago in any U.S. city. Prominent Latino found include here Humboldt Park's Institute. The accent remains associated well with Matthew J. with the city.Gordon. Renowned Chicago theater companies include the Goodman Theatre in the Loop. Broadway offers Broadway-style entertainment at five theaters. Polish language productions speaking large Polish population. The Chicago Symphony Orchestra performs at Symphony Center. Ravinia Festival is the summer home of the CSO, a favorite destination. The Civic Opera House is home to the Lyric Opera of Chicago. The Lithuanian Opera Company of Chicago was founded in 1956 by Lithuanian Chicagoans. Chicago Festival Ballet and The Joffrey Ballet perform in various venues. A flourishing independent rock music culture brought forth Chicago indie. Annual festivals feature various acts as the Pitchfork Music Festival and Lollapalooza. A 2007 report ranked Chicago among metropolitan U.S. areas. The McDonald's Thanksgiving Parade is seen on WGN America and WGN-TV across the nation. The historic Chicago Cultural Center serving originally as the Chicago Public Library. Grant Park holds Millennium Park, the Art Institute and Buckingham Fountain. The park hosts also the annual Taste of Chicago festival is listed in South Side Chicago on the National Register of Historic Places listings. Cloud Gate is the centerpiece of the AT&T Plaza in Millennium Park. The pavilion's stage is the Harris Theater for an indoor venue for Dance and Music. The DW60 stand at approximately 196 ft, be in the United States. The Museum Campus joins the southern section of Grant Park. The Willis Tower is a popular destination for tourists, has an open observation deck to tourists year round. The observation deck includes an enclosed glass balcony. The Chicago-style thin crust is also popular in the city. The Chicago-style hot dog is loaded with an array of toppings. Addition have had restaurants in Chicago, is the recent home of satirical national news outlet, The Onion. Chicago literature finds roots in the city's tradition. The magazine discovered such poets as John Ashbery and James Merrill as Gwendolyn Brooks. Several major franchises have won championships within recent years. The Cubs have played more games, more wins have won three World Series titles, the 2016 World Series. The White Sox have played since 1901 on the South Side, have won six American League pennants and three World Series titles. The Sox are fifth in all-time wins in the American League. The Chicago Bears remaining charter members of the National Football League, nine NFL Championships, the 1985 Super Bowl XX. The Bears have won more games in the history of the NFL, play home games at Soldier Field. Soldier Field re-opened after an extensive renovation in 2003. The Chicago Bulls of the National Basketball Association is in the world. The Chicago Blackhawks of the National Hockey League began play in 1926. The Chicago Fire Soccer Club is a member of Major League Soccer. The Fire have won four U.S. Open Cups and one league title. The United States hosted a successful FIFA World Cup with games. The Chicago Sky is a professional basketball team play home games at the Allstate Arena. The Chicago Marathon has been held each year except for 1987 since 1977, is. The parks and The boulevards were authorized in 1869 by the Illinois legislature. A number of Chicago neighborhoods emerged in the 19th century along these roadways. The building of the boulevard system continued intermittently until 1942, includes nineteen boulevards, six squares and eight parks along twenty-six miles of interconnected streets. Part of the system was listed in 1985 in the National Register of Historic Places. The current mayor is Rahm Emanuel appoints other officials and commissioners. The council takes official action through the passage of ordinances. The Chicago Police Department provides the Chicago Fire Department and law enforcement, emergency and fire suppression, medical services. The citizens of Chicago have elected not a Republican mayor since 1927. The strength of the party is a partly consequence of Illinois state politics. Machine politics persisted after the decline of similar machines in Chicago. The independents gained finally control of city government with the election of Harold Washington in 1983. Rahm Emanuel was sworn in as the 55th mayor of Chicago. A Formerly state legislator representing a later US Senator and Chicago, the city, home of former United States President Barack Obama. The Obama's residence is located in Kenwood near the University of Chicago. Violent crime rates vary significantly by area of the city. The Cook County had reported a total of 410 homicides within the same time period. Chicago Public Schools is governing body of the school district. These schools offer a rigorous curriculum with Advanced Placement courses and mainly honors, are completely secular as the Latin School of Chicago. Walter Payton College Prep High School is ranked second Jones College Prep. The magnet school is Lane Technical College Prep High School. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago operates Catholic schools. The Chicago Public Library system operates 79 public libraries, the central library, numerous branches and two regional libraries. William Rainey Harper was instrumental in the creation of the junior college concept, continues with the multiple community colleges. Chicago Public Radio produces programs as PRI's This American Life. Cultural magazine Time and The entertainment are published also as local music magazine Chicago Innerview in the city. Indie rock artist Sufjan Stevens created a concept album about Illinois. Dan Ryan Expressways and The Kennedy are the busiest state, routes. The Regional Transportation Authority coordinates the operation of the three service boards. The Chicago Transit Authority handles public transportation in the City of Chicago. Metra used passenger, regional rail network, an 11-line commuter rail service. The Metra Electric Line shares trackage with Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District's South Shore Line. Divvy was launched initially with 75 docking stations and 750 bikes in 2013. 70 programs including crossovers, underpasses and overpasses. O'Hare was the world's busiest airport by total passenger traffic by aircraft movements. The Port of Chicago operated by the Illinois International Port District. The central element of the Port District is maintained by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The Illinois International Port district operates also Foreign trade zone. Natural gas is provided by a subsidiary of Integrys Energy Group by Peoples Gas. The Illinois Medical District includes Rush University Medical Center. The Chicago campus of Northwestern University includes the Feinberg School of Medicine. The Midwestern University Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine is in Downers Grove. Some cases have led as the academic relationship to further informal collaborations. Official website Choose Chicago, official tourism website. The Archive Team is a rogue archivist have ranged from a single volunteer in size. History is littered over the future of a community with hundreds of conflicts. The original point of contention destroyed the debates. This collection contains the output of many Archive Team projects. Applicable race categories are included so also in applicable race categories. Data derived from American Community Survey from Population Estimates. Mr. Graham is the 100-story Hancock Center on North Michigan Avenue, designed also buildings in Hong Kong across the United States. A power broker called into a recreation area for the transformation of Navy Pier. The seven-story garage finished in 2010, includes a private residence and shops. Newspaper headlines excoriated O'Leary's wife Catherine. Rome Historians do know n't whether an accident and arson. Explosions transformed the fire into a citywide conflagration. The disaster prompted other cities and London around the world. Nearly 150000 people died as a result of the earthquake. A decade had resumed status as the crown jewel of the American West. The phenomenal growth years known as the First Chicago School. The Home Insurance Building utilizing a fireproofed metal frame, Chicago's first skyscraper. War and Depression stopped tall building construction until the 1950s. Steel box and The glass was made also plastic by the sculptural Lake Point Tower. The 1980s postmodernists were creating visual excitement with all manner of historical references.
|1837||Chicago was incorporated in 1837 as a city.|
|1850s||The Chicago Board of Trade listed.|
|1869||The parks and The boulevards were authorized in 1869 by the Illinois legislature.|
|1892||The University of Chicago moved in 1892 to the same South Side location.|
|1901||The White Sox have played since 1901 on the South Side.|
|1910||The mid-18th century became the nation's railroad center over 20 railroads by 1910.|
|1926||The Chicago Blackhawks of the National Hockey League began play in 1926.|
|1927||The citizens of Chicago have elected not a Republican mayor since 1927.|
|1942||The building of the boulevard system continued intermittently until 1942.|
|1950s||War and Depression stopped tall building construction until the 1950s.|
|1955||Mayor Richard J. Daley was elected in the era of machine politics in 1955.|
|1956||The Lithuanian Opera Company of Chicago was founded in 1956 by Lithuanian Chicagoans.|
|1965||Chicago ended with the lowest number of murders with 415 murders.|
|1974||The number of murders peaked in 1974 at 970.|
|1977||The Chicago Marathon has been held each year except for 1987 since 1977.|
|1983||The independents gained finally control of city government with the election of Harold Washington in 1983.|
|1985||Part of the system was listed in 1985 in the National Register of Historic Places.|
|1987||The Chicago Marathon has been held each year except for 1987 since 1977.|
|1989||Richard M. Daley was elected in 1989.|
|2003||Soldier Field re-opened after an extensive renovation in 2003.|
|2009||The Sears Tower renamed the Willis Tower in 2009.|
|2010||The seven-story garage finished in 2010.|
|2012||Lane is in 2012 in Chicago.|
|2013||Divvy was launched initially with 75 docking stations and 750 bikes in 2013.|
|2015||Chicago had more homicides in 2012 per 100000 residents.|