Dupin restored just the original data valued this way paid for the Advancement of Science a visit to the British Association, were. L'enthousiasme pour la statistique place notamment au premier plan. The early stages were essentially related to natural sciences. A first masterpiece was published in Germany, was imitated quickly with the publication of the Physical Atlas in Great Britain. The 2 first half of the century saw in a development of quantitative mapping in parallel. The 3 method was imagined by Frenchman Charles Dupin in 1826.
The map was reproduced one year illustrated a basic opposition. Instruction was chosen in the different parts of the kingdom as an indicator of the economic development. The data were quite uncertain for the regular account of primary education at that time. The idea had been suggested as soon by geographer Conrad Malte-Brun as 1823. The gradual shadings of the map were inspired directly by a metaphoric conception of knowledge. Problems of method emphasized a major geographical break. 10 Thematic cartography opened certainly up the way to generalization, stood well alive in France. This success was echoed indeed as Dupin in several works. Stendhal was among the attendance of the 1826 conference. The 12 work of Dupin know for instance, mentioned in a conversation with laudatory terms. One key of the success was the certainly possibility despite the use of an abstract language. The authors used frequent sentences with double meaning, turned Dupin's own weapons. Instance presented in Ireland in a 1843 map of education, had voiced the hypothesis that olive oil consumption.
The 16 first follower of Dupin dated around 1829, bore the almost same title. Hirsch Zvi Sommerhausen was, a polygraph had mentioned also Quételet's statistical study about the Low Countries. Later Guerry prepared a statistical essay included a new map of education rely only on visual comparisons of maps, be considered not as pure illustrations. Later Guerry were used as tools of spatial experimentation, drew departmental limits. Cartography stood between different types of data as a medium. England was presented extensively in the Westminster Review. The viscount Villeneuve-Bargemont published for four maps of pauperism for example. Villeneuve-Bargemont had been a prefect till the July during the Restoration, became then deputy made crude representations with no distinguishable shades. Morogues was the moral part and a not backward territory. The 22 first thematic maps of diseases took the form of qualitative maps, the distribution of cases. The choropleth method was used in 1834 for the first time.
An official commission presented about illness in a 1834 report. Two other cholera maps were prepared by German geographer Augustus Petermann, drew a general map. The cholera commissioners appeared the name of Alexandre Parent-Duchâtelet. This physician was a firm supporter of the statistical method to social statisticians in medicine. Social statisticians had made contributions to medicine. Mapping disease meant for a new significance of environmental conditions for physicians. This trend weakened with the new focus in the course of the century. Malgaigne ranked in medicine among the partisans of the numerical method, compared explicitly own map with one, had no immediate followers. Mayhew's work dealt with poverty, interpreted merely the data. Famous examples be found into working conditions and the living in Charles Booth's monumental survey. Rich classes were expressed with lower classes and warm tones. The process of comparison suffered from a serious theoretical flaw. Correlation inferred correlation between individualities.
The connections were reinforced with the foundation of the international congresses in the second part of the century. The first statistical congress was held in 1853 in Brussels. Graphical statistics was in the second part of the century in favour. Shaded maps diffused as geography into other branches of knowledge.
|1823||The idea had been suggested as soon by geographer Conrad Malte-Brun as 1823.|
|1824||Charles X gave the title of baron in 1824.|
|1825||Dupin presented in 1825.|
|1826||The 3 method was imagined by Frenchman Charles Dupin in 1826.|
|1829||The 16 first follower of Dupin dated around 1829.|
|1834||The choropleth method was used in 1834 for the first time.|
|1836||Dupin paid for the Advancement of Science a visit to the British Association.|
|1853||The first statistical congress was held in 1853 in Brussels.|