Berlin serves for rail traffic and air as a continental hub, has seen the emergence of a cosmopolitan entrepreneurial scene merged several districts with Friedrichswerder with the four cities of Cölln, is situated in an area of low-lying marshy woodlands in northeastern Germany, has a Maritime, temperate climate, Germany's largest number, two commercial international airports, a long history of discoveries, 878 schools, a special bilingual school program, a long history of gay culture, an important birthplace of the LGBT rights movement, three major opera house s than 80 mosques in Germany.
Berlin creates a microclimate with heat, has left the city with a highly eclectic array and a polycentric organization, was devastated by street battles and fires by bombing raids, making up 7,2 % of the population is subdivided into districts and 12 boroughs. Berlin maintains official partnerships with 17 cities, participates in international city associations, are the Berlin-based company GASAG and the Swedish firm Vattenfall is dominated with around 84 % of all companies by the service sector, generated the most venture capital in Europe for young startup companies. Berlin had 788 hotels in 2014 with 134399 beds, is known well for Berliner Festspiele for the cultural festival, is estimated that Berlin, has installed hundred several free public Wireless LAN sites since 2016 across the capital, was named by UNESCO. Berlin has been celebrated as one, includes the Botanic Museum Berlin die deutsche Hauptstadtregion. The 13th century situated at Berlin, had become a fertile ground for the German Expressionist movement.
The metropolis is a popular tourist destination experienced heyday as a major world capital. Modern Berlin has made a sought-after location for international film productions. The city became was 4048 inhabitants, a residence of the Prussia n kings per km, recorded 11.9 million hotel guests and 28.7 million overnight hotel stays in 2014, is also home of the German Film Academy. The city has a 6-year primary education program, four public research universities, a high density of internationally renowned research institutions as the Leibniz Association as the Fraunhofer Society, are the Theater was founded in 1955, hosted the 1936 Summer Olympics, the host city, the Basketball Euroleague Final Four in 2009. Spandau is mentioned first in 1197, empties into the river Havel. Cölln is mentioned first across the Spree in Berlin and a 1237 document. 1443 Frederick II Irontooth started the construction of a new royal palace in the twin city Berlin-Cölln. The new elector Albrecht III Achilles became the new royal residence.
The Edict of Potsdam offered By 1700 asylum to the French Huguenots.. Many other immigrants came from Salzburg and Poland from Bohemia. The 1618 Margraviate of Brandenburg had been with the Duchy of Prussia in personal union. The 1701 dual state formed the Kingdom of Prussia as Elector of Brandenburg as Frederick III. The rule of Frederick II became a center of the Enlightenment. The War of the Fourth Coalition marched in 1806 into Berlin. The Industrial Revolution transformed Berlin during the 19th century. Additional suburbs developed soon population and the area including Wedding, several others and Moabit. The end of the First World War was proclaimed at the Reichstag building by Philipp Scheidemann. The 1920 Greater Berlin Act incorporated dozens of suburban cities, estates and villages, many suburbs around Berlin. The Weimar era underwent political due unrest to economic uncertainties. The end of the war received large numbers of refugees from the Eastern provinces. The sectors of the Western Allies formed West Berlin while the Soviet sector.
All four Allies shared administrative responsibilities for Berlin. The Berlin airlift conducted by the three western Allies. The 1949 Federal Republic of Germany was founded in West Germany. West Berlin remained officially an occupied city was surrounded by East Germany and East German territory, had been restricted previously to the borough level. The founding of the two German states increased Cold War tensions. 1961 East Germany began the building of the Berlin Wall between West Berlin and East. Today preserves a large portion of the wall make up the largest portion of the Russian-speaking community. Substantial parts of present-day Berlin extend on both sides of the Spree Valley onto the low plateaus. The borough of Spandau lies partly on the Nauen Plain within the Berlin Glacial Valley. The highest elevation is found in Pankow on the Arkenberge hills. Annual precipitation is throughout the year with moderate rainfall. Many ornaments of pre-war buildings were destroyed following modernist dogmas. A number of new buildings are inspired by the general classical style and historical predecessors. Clusters of high-rise buildings emerge at disperse locations. The Fernsehturm is in the European Union among the tallest structures. The Brandenburg Gate is an iconic landmark of Berlin, the Großer Stern, a circular traffic island. The Reichstag building is the traditional seat of the German Parliament was remodelled in the 1990s by British architect Norman Foster. The East Side Gallery is an open-air exhibition of art is remaining largest evidence of the city. The Gendarmenmarkt is a neoclassical square in the name in Berlin, is bordered by two. St. Hedwig's Cathedral is Berlin's Roman Catholic cathedral. Friedrichstraße was Berlin's legendary street during the Golden Twenties, combines 20th-century traditions with the modern architecture of today. The area is with countless clothing outlets home to fashionable culture, was home is known for a series of interconnected lakes.
The nearby New Synagogue is the center of Jewish culture. Juni connecting Ernst-Reuter-Platz and the Brandenburg Gate commemorates the uprisings. West of the center is the residence of the German President. The Funkturm Berlin is a tall lattice radio tower, the only observation tower in the fairground area. The Oberbaumbrücke is Berlin's most iconic bridge, the River Spree was a former East-West border, the boroughs of Friedrichshain was completed in gothic style in a brick. The center portion has been reconstructed with a steel frame. The bridge has an upper deck for the Berlin U-Bahn line. The urban area of Berlin comprised in 2014 about 4100000 people. The entire Berlin-Brandenburg capital region has a population. The city state Berlin had 37.368 live births, a record number since 1991. The 2014 German capital registered a migration surplus of approximately 40.000 people. International migration and National has a long history. Asylum politics and Active immigration triggered waves of immigration in 1970s and the 1960s. The the 1990s Aussiedlergesetze enabled from the former Soviet Union immigration to Germany of some residents. The last decade experienced an influx from some African regions and various Western countries. A portion of the African immigrants have settled in the Afrikanisches Viertel. Foreign residents of Berlin originate from approximately 190 different countries. Berlinisch and Berlinerisch is spoken in Berlin, originates from a Mark Brandenburgish variant. 60 % of Berlin residents have registered religious affiliation. The largest denomination was the Protestant regional church body. EKBO is a member of the Evangelical Church in Union Evangelischer Kirchen and Germany. 2.7 % of the population identify with other Christian denominations. The 2016 number of Muslims was estimated at about 350.000 people. The Independent Evangelical Lutheran Church has eight parishes of different sizes in Berlin. The House of Representatives functions as state parliament and the city. The Social Democratic Party Left took control of the city government after the 2001 state election. The office of the Governing Mayor is located in the Rotes Rathaus. This 2014 office has been held by Michael Müller of the Social Democrats. Each borough is made up by a number of subdistricts, make up the council of mayors. East Berlin's partnerships were canceled at the time of German reunification. The Cold War era had reflected the different power blocs with West Berlin. The total annual federal budget managed by the German government. Berlin hosts lobbying professional associations and groups. Diplomatic consultations and Frequent official visits are common in contemporary Berlin. Development and Research have economic significance for the city. Several major corporations operate innovation laboratories in the city. Business Park and The Science is the largest technology park in Germany. The Eurozone has become a center for international investments. Companies and business relocation. Several years Berlin has been recognized as a major center of business founders. Berlin Chemie and Bayer Health Care are major pharmaceutical companies in the city. Convention Association and the International Congress became leading organizer of conferences in the world. Venues take place as the Berlin Congress Center and CityCube Berlin on venues, have become a popular stage for the Neo-Burlesque scene. 30500 creative companies were operating in metropolitan region in the Berlin-Brandenburg. The production company UFA and The historic Babelsberg Studios are located adjacent in Potsdam to Berlin. The public broadcaster RBB has headquarters as the commercial broadcasters MTV Europe in Berlin. German international public broadcaster Deutsche Welle has TV production unit in most national German broadcasters and Berlin. 1.344 million motor vehicles were registered in the city. A 2011 number of app based e-scooter sharing services and e-car. Long-distance rail lines connect Berlin with many cities. The Berlin Hauptbahnhof is the largest grade-separated railway station in Europe. Deutsche Bahn runs an SXF airport, rail service high speed ICE trains to domestic destinations. Tegel Airport is situated within the city limits, is an important transfer hub as a focus city for Air Berlin. Schönefeld Airport is located in the state of Brandenburg outside Berlin's south-eastern border. Both airports handled together 29500000 passengers in 2015. 67 airlines served 163 destinations from Berlin in 50 countries. Schönefeld serves for airlines as an important destination. The new Berlin Brandenburg Airport replace Tegel as single commercial airport of Berlin. The BER have an initial capacity per year of around 35000000 passengers. 500000 daily bike riders accounted in 2010 for 13 % of total traffic. Nearby power plants s electric energy measured by capacity. The modern history of medicine has been influenced significantly from Berlin by scientists. Rudolf Virchow was the founder of cellular pathology while Robert Koch. The Charité complex is the largest university hospital in Europe. The Charité is spread over four sites, is a joint institution of the Freie Universität Berlin. The scientific research is complemented as Bayer and Siemens by many research departments of companies. Several international health and The World Health Summit are held annually in Berlin. This system transmits compressed digital audio, other data and digital video in an MPEG transport stream. The wireless networks are concentrated in central districts. Nine major European languages be chosen in 29 schools as foreign languages. Historically are affiliated with the Berlin-based universities. The three largest universities combined have approximately, students. The HU and The FU are part of the German Universities Excellence Initiative. 65000 professional scientists were working in the city in development and research. The Bauhaus Archive is a museum of 20th century design from the famous Bauhaus school. The Jewish Museum has a standing exhibition on two millennia of German-Jewish history. The German Museum of Technology has a large collection of historical technical artifacts. The Museum für Naturkunde exhibits natural history near Berlin Hauptbahnhof, has mounted largest dinosaur in the world. The Brücke Museum features by artist of the early 20th-century expressionist movement. A private museum venture exhibits a comprehensive documentation of detailed plans. The cityscape of Berlin displays large quantities of urban street art has become a significant part of the city. Berlin today is rated consistently for street art culture as an important world city. The 80s SO36 and the 1970s was a centre for culture and punk music. The fall of the Berlin Wall were occupied illegally by young squatters. The Berghain features the well-known Panorama Bar, a bar. Dance halls and Same-sex bars operated freely as early as Der Eigene as the first gay magazine and the 1880s. The Karneval der Kulturen is every celebrated Pentecost weekend. The annual Berlin Festival focuses on synthpop and electronic music on indie rock. The Berlin State Opera opened in 1742, is Daniel Barenboim. The Komische Oper has specialized traditionally in operettas. The Tempodrom is host to circus and concerts, houses also a multi-sensory spa experience. The Konzerthausorchester Berlin was founded as the orchestra in 1952, is Ivan Fischer. The Quatsch Comedy Club and The Kookaburra are known for stand-up comedy shows and satire. Many local foods originated from north German culinary traditions. Typical Berliner fare include popular street food like the Berliner doughnut and Buletten like the Currywurst. The modern fast food version of the doner kebab sandwich evolved in the 1970s in Berlin. Zoologischer Garten Berlin was founded in 1844, is visited most zoo in Europe, was the home of the captive-born celebrity, polar bear Knut. Other gardens include the Gärten and the Britzer Garten. Kreuzberg provides a viewing point over the southern part of inner-city Berlin. Potsdam is situated on the southwestern periphery of Berlin. The IAAF World Championships was held in 2009 in the Olympiastadion. 600000 Berliners were registered in one, achieve seven gold, three bronze medals and twelve silver. Forty-seven elite athletes participated in the 2012 Summer Olympics. Several professional clubs representing the most important spectator team sports in Germany. 2006 wechselte Petr Stochl aus Frankreich zu den Füchsen, damals. Ihn kennen auch Nicht-Handballfans sieht Heine, hin und wieder auf den roten. Füchse-Fans wissen das dass die Nummer, 12 durchaus mal ein Spiel im Alleingang. Nur ein Jahr später kamen der Europapokal und der IHF Super Globe, Vereins-Weltmeisterschaft. 10 000 Fast Fans empfingen ihn und die Bad Boys, Anschluss. Nicht nur dass er ein Tor nach, dem nächsten reinhaut und zusammen mit Mattias Zachrisson. Hans stellt klar dass er Titel gewinnen möchte und mit. Im gleichen Jahr holte er außerdem das Triple und wurde Torschützenkönig. Mattias Zachrisson ist seit und hat über, Jahre eine immer wichtigere Rolle eingenommen. Im Sommer am Meniskus operieren lassen, aber wir freuen, schon auf sein Comeback. Übrigens ist das Trikot von Paul Drux mit der Nummer, 95 das meistverkaufte Trikot im Fanshop. Steffen Fäth wird von Silvio Heinevetter auch liebevoll, „ Svenni. Kurz vor den die rechte Mittelhand gebrochen, trotzdem wurde er nominiert und bekam. Dennoch hat es für, erste Liga nie gereicht, er sich für das Trainer-Dasein. Wenn das bedeutet, ich ein harter Hund bin, dann bin ich ein harter Hund. Der Isländer machte unter Petko nochmals, Leistungssprung und sorgte mit dafür. Und seine Deutschkenntnisse machen von Woche zu Woche große Fortschritte. Anscheinend ein gutes Pflaster für Kreisläufer auch Evgeni Pevnov. Er war Teil der Bad Boys die 2016 sensationell den Europameistertitel gewannen. Seine Bundesligareife hat Frederik Simak als Jungfuchs gewonnen. Aber die Erfolge und Meistertitel machen hungrig, so dass er immer weiter Gas gegeben hat. Alle für März und April, 2017 geplanten Veröffentlichungen des AK ETR, Basis, April, 2017 geplanten Veröffentlichungen des AK ETR, Basis. Mit ihren etwa sechs Millionen Einwohnern verbindet sie, Besonderheiten der Metropole Berlin mit. So hat sich die Hauptstadtregion Berlin-Brandenburg als funktionaler Knoten u., a. verst rkt zu einer Drehscheibe im.
|1197||Spandau is mentioned first in 1197.|
|1448||The protests of the town citizens culminated in 1448.|
|1700||The Edict of Potsdam offered By 1700 asylum to the French Huguenots..|
|1742||The Berlin State Opera opened in 1742.|
|1844||Zoologischer Garten Berlin was founded in 1844.|
|1849||The Deutsches Theater was built in 1849.|
|1896||The Oberbaumbrücke was completed in gothic style in a brick.|
|1912||The Deutsche Oper opened in Charlottenburg in 1912.|
|1913||The Volksbühne was built in 1913.|
|1943||World War II were destroyed in the 1943.|
|1952||The Konzerthausorchester Berlin was founded as the orchestra in 1952.|
|1955||The city was founded in 1955.|
|1962||The Schaubühne was founded in 1962.|
|1970s||Berlin today is rated consistently for street art culture as an important world city.|
|1990s||The Reichstag building was remodelled in the 1990s by British architect Norman Foster.|
|1991||The city state Berlin had 37.368 live births, a record number since 1991.|
|1996||Several courtyards reconstructed around 1996.|
|2009||The IAAF World Championships was held in 2009 in the Olympiastadion.|
|2010||500000 daily bike riders accounted in 2010 for 13 % of total traffic.|
|2014||The urban area of Berlin comprised in 2014 about 4100000 people.|
|2015||Both airports handled together 29500000 passengers in 2015.|
|2016||Berlin has installed hundred several free public Wireless LAN sites since 2016 across the capital.|